Representation of the People Act, 1950
- Articles 81 and 170 of the Constitution of India lay down the maximum number of seats in Parliament and in Legislative Assemblies of States
- Article 171 of the Constitution of India lays down the maximum and minimum number of seats in the Legislative Council of a State
- It also specify the various methods in which the seats shall be filled
- But the actual number of seats to be filled by each such method has been left to be provided by law.
- Representation of the People Act, 1950, was enacted to provide for the allocation of seats
- President get the power to delimit various constituencies, after consultation with the Election Commission,
- The Act further provided for the registration of electors for Constituencies and disqualifications for such registration.
- A special provision has been included for relaxation of the persons who migrated before July, 1949, to India from the territory of Pakistan.
Representation of the People Act, 1951
- It was provided for the allocation of seats in and the delimitation of constituencies for elections
- It provide qualifications of voter and the preparations of electoral rolls
- The provisions for the actual conduct of elections to the Houses of Parliament and to the House or Houses of the Legislature of each State
- The qualifications and disqualifications of membership of these Houses
- The corrupt practices and other election offences, and the decision of election disputes were all left to be made in a subsequent measure.
Delimitation Act, 2002
- Articles 82 and 170 of the Constitution of India provide for readjustment and the division of each State into territorial constituencies in such manner as Parliament may, by law, determine.
- Articles 330 and 332 of the Constitution of India provide for re-fixing the number of seats reserved for SCs and STs
- The present delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly constituencies is based on the 1971 census.
- Delimitation Commission re-fixed the number of seats for the SCs and STs on the basis of the 2001 census, without affecting total number of seats based on the 1971 census.
- 84th amended, 2002 froze the no of constituencies till the first census after 2026
- Commission is a powerful and independent body whose orders cannot be challenged in a court of law
- Delimitation commissions have been set up four times in the past — 1952, 1963, 1973 and 2002
Rules Relating to Elections
- Registration of electors Rules, 1960 provide for the preparation and publication of electoral rolls.
- Conduct of Elections Rules, 1961 facilitates conduct of fair and free elections to the Parliament and State Legislatures.
- Prohibition of Simultaneous Membership Rules, 1950
- Members of Lok Sabha (Disqualification on Ground of Defection) Rules, 1985.
- Members of Rajya Sabha (Disqualification on Ground of Defection) Rules, 1985.
- Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Rules, 1974
- Members of Lok Sabha (Declaration of Assets and Liabilities) Rules, 2004.
- Members of Rajya Sabha (Declaration of Assets and Liabilities) Rules, 2004.
Orders Relating to Elections
- Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968 provides for the specification, reservation, choice and allotment of symbols at elections
- Registration of Political Parties (Furnishing of Additional Particulars) Order, 1992