India Border & Location


  • India is the 7th largest country in the world with 3287263 sq km which is 2.4% of world area
 
 
North to South
  • Latitude – 80 4′ North (main land) to 370 6′ North  (60 45′ Indira Point or Pygmalion point
  • Indira Col (J&K) in North and Kanyakumari (Tamilnadu) in South
  • 3214 Km distance
 
West to East
  • Longitude – 680 7′ East to 970 25′ East
  • Ghaur Moti in Gujrat to Kibithu in Arunachal Pradesh
  • 2933 Km
 
Highest point        
  • Kangchenjunga 8,586 m (Sikkim)
 
Lowest point        
  • Kuttanad  2.2 m (Kerala)
 
Indian Standard Time
  • 820 5′ East Longitude going through west of the town of Mirzapur, near Allahabad, Sonhat, Koknad
  • Its going through 5 state – UP, MP, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, AP
  • Time difference between eastern most and western most point is 1 hour 56 min
  • National Physical Laboratory India (NPLI) is the Time Keeper of the Country
  • Its work under Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)
  • Before independence there were 2 standard time Calcutta Time and Bombay Time, which continued until 1948 and 1955, respectively
  • Assam, tea gardens follow a separate time zone, known as the Chaibagaan or Bagan time, which is 1 hour ahead of IST. It allowed by Plantations Labour Act, 1951
 
 
Topic of Cancer (230 5′ N latitude)
  • Its passes through 8 states – Gujrat, Rajasthan, MP, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, WB, Tripura, Mizoram
 
 
Neighbor countries
  • India has 15106.7 Km of land border running through 92 districts in 17 States
  • Coastline is 7516.6 Km (6100 km of mainland coastline + coastline of 1417 Indian islands) touching 13 States and UTs

 

India Border
 
Bangladesh Border
  • 5th longest land border in the world
  • This boundary has been determined under the Radcliffe Award
  • Guarded by Border Security Force (BSF)
  • Boundary as per states
    1. West Bengal – 2,217 km
    2. Tripura – 856 km
    3. Meghalaya – 443 km
    4. Assam – 262 km
    5. Mizoram – 180 km
 
China Border
  • Five Indian states J&k, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh touch the Indian boundary with China
  • This is called Mc Mahon Line, boundary agreement done at Shimla accord in 1913-14.
  • Guarded by Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
  • Boundary as per states
    1. J&K  – 1954
    2. Arunachal – 1080
    3. Uttarakhand – 463
    4. Himachal – 345
    5. Sikkim – 220
 
Pakistan Border
  • Indo-Pakistan boundary is the result of partition of the country in 1947 under the Radcliffe award
  • It is called Radcliffe line
  • Guarded by Border Security Force (BSF)
  • Boundary as per states
    1. J&K – 1222
    2. Rajasthan – 1170
    3. Gujrat – 506
    4. Punjab  – 425
 
Nepal Border
  • Guarded by Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
    1. UP – 651
    2. Bihar – 601
    3. Uttarakhand – 303
    4. Sikkim – 98
    5. WB – 96
 
Mayanmar Border
  • This border was decided by the treaty of Yandabo in 1826
  • Guarded by Assam Rifles (AR)
    1. Arunachal – 520
    2. Mizoram – 510
    3. Manipur – 398
    4. Nagaland – 215
 
Bhutan Border
  • Treaty of Peace between Britain and Bhutan demarcated the border in 1865, following the Bhutan War
  • Guarded by Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
    1. Assam – 267
    2. Arunachal – 217
    3. WB – 183
    4. Sikkim – 32
 
Afghanistan border
  • It is called Durand line
 
 
Other Facts
  • J&K has longest international border length of 3176 Km
  • WB has 2nd longest international border length of 2509.7 Km
  • Arunachal is 3rd in this line
  • Smallest international border length is Nagaland 215 km
  • 4 states touches international boundary of 3 country
    1. Sikkim – China, Nepal, Bhutan
    2. West Bengal – Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh
    3. Arunachal Pradesh – China, Bhutan, Myanmar
    4. J&K – Pakistan, China, Afghanistan
 
See Also
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