Indian Supreme Court
American Supreme Court
Its original jurisdiction is confined to federal cases.
Its original jurisdiction covers not only federal cases but also cases relating to naval forces, maritime activities, ambassadors, etc.
Its appellate jurisdiction covers constitutional, civil and criminal cases
Its appellate jurisdiction is confined to constitutional cases only.
It has a very wide discretion to grant special leave to appeal in any matter against the judgment of any court or tribunal (except military)
It has no such plenary power.
It has advisory jurisdiction
It has no advisory jurisdiction.
Its scope of judicial review is limited
Its scope of judicial review is very wide
It defends rights of the citizen according to the ‘procedure established by law’.
It defends rights of the citizen according to the ‘due process of law’.
Its jurisdiction and powers can be enlarged by Parliament.
Its jurisdiction and powers are limited to that conferred by the Constitution.
It has power of judicial superintendence and control over state high courts due to integrated judicial system.
It has no such power due to double (or separated) judicial system.