Political & Social Reform Associations in British India

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Political & Social Reform Associations in British India
Sadharan Brahmo Samaj

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Before 1857

YearOrganizationFounderPlace / Remakes
1815Atmiya SabhaRammohan RoyInitially Bramhmo Sabha
1823Calcutta Unitarian CommitteeRammohan Roy
1828Brahmo SamajRammohan Roy
Secretary - Tarachand Chakraborti
1828Academic AssociationDerozio
1829Dharma SabhaRadhakanta DevDefend orthodox Hinduism
1838Land-holders' SocietyDwarkanath Tagore1st Political society
1839Tattwabodhini SabhaDebendranath Tagor
1839British India SocietyWilliam AdamLondon
1840NirankarisDayal Das
Darbara Singh
Punjab, Sikism
1843Bengal British India SocietyGeorge Thompson
1844Manav Dharma SabhaDurgaram ManchharamBreak Caste restrictions
1849Paramahansa MandaliDadoba PanderungBreak Caste restrictions
1851Rahnumai Mazdayasnan SabhaDadabhai NaorojiBombay, Parsis
1851British Indian AssociationRadhakanta Deb
Devendranath Tagore
1852Madras Native AssociationLakshminarasu
1852Bombay AssociationNaoroji FurdoonjiBombay
1857NamdharisRam SinghPunjab, Sikism

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Before INC

YearOrganizationFounderPlace / Remakes
1860Sangat SabhaKesab Chandra Sen
1861Radha Soami SatsangTulsi RamMonotheistic doctrine
1863Mohammedan literary societyNawab abdool luteefKolkata
1866Brahmo Samaj of India
(Tabernacle of New Dispensation)
Keshab Chandra SenBrahmo Samaj broke out in two part.
1866Society for the Promotion of National FeelingRajnarayan Basu
1866Dar-ul-UlumaMaulana Husain AhmadDeoband, spiritual & moral
1867East Indian AssociationDadabhai NaorojiLondon
1867Prarthana SamajAtmaram Panduranga
Dadoba P. Tarkhadkar
Bombay
Religious & social reform in
1867National Indian AssociationMary CarpenterLondon
1867Hindu MelaNabagopal Mitra
1867National SocietyNabagopal Mitra
1870Poona Sarvajanik SabhaMG Ranade
GV Joshi
1870Sramajivi SamitiSasipada BanerjiWorkers' organization
1870Indian Reform AssociationKeshub Chunder SenSecular side of the Brahmo Samaj
1872Indian SocietyAnanda Mohan BoseLondon
1873Satyashodhak SamajJyotiba PhulePune
non-Brahmins
1875Arya SamajDayananda SarswatiBombay
1875Theosophical SocietyMadam Blavatsky
H.S Olcott
New York
1879, made HQ in Adyar, Near Chennai
1876Indian AssociationS N Banerjee
Anandamohan Bose
1878Sadharan Brahmo SamajAnandamohan Bose
Shivanath Shastri
Andhra Pradesh
1878Rajahmundry Social Reform AssociationVireshalingam Pantulu
1883Indian National ConferenceS N Banerjee
Anandamohan Bose
Called as predecessor of INC
1884Deccan Education SocietyGG AgarkarPoona, education

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After INC to 1915

YearOrganizationFounderPlace / Remakes
1886Muhammadan Educational ConferenceSir Syed Ahmed KhanAligarh Movement
1887Indian National Social ConferenceM. G. RanadeBombay
1887Deva SamajShivanarayan AgnihotriLahore, like Brahmo samaj
1889Ahmadiyya Muslim CommunityMirza Ghulam AhmadPunjab
1890Bombay Mill Hands AssociationN. M. Lokhande1st Labour Union
1894Nadwah-ul-UlamaMaulana Shibli NumaniLucknow, religious & moral
1897Ramkrishna MissionSwami Vivekananda
1899Mitra MelaSavarkar BrothersMaharastra
1902Anushilan SamithiPramotha Mitra
Barindra Ghosh
1903Avinaba BharatSavarkar brothers
1904Bharat Mata SocietyJ M Chatterjee
1905Dhaka Anushilan SamitiPulin Behari Das
1905Servants of India SocietyGopal Krishna GokhalePune
1905Paris Indian SocietyMadam KamaParis
1905Printers’ Union of Calcutta
1905Swadesh Bandhap SamityAswini Kumar DuttaBarisal
1905India HouseShyamji Krishna VarmaLondon
1905Anti-Circular SocietySachindra Prasad BoseKolkata
1906National Council of EducationRabindra Nath
1908Muslim League - LondonSyed Ameer AliLondon
1909Poona Seva SadanMrs. Ramabai Ranadewelfare of women
1910Bharat Itihas Sanshodhak MandalVishwanath Kashinath Rajwade
Sardar K. C. Mehendale
Pune
1911Social Service LeagueN M JoshiBombay
1913Gadar PartyHar DayalSan Francisco
1914Seva SamitiH N KunzraAllahabad, Social service
1914Nair Service SocietyMannathu Padmanabha PillaiKerala

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Between 1915 & 1930

YearOrganizationFounderPlace / Remakes
1915Indian Independence CommitteeVirendranath
Bhupendranath
Hardayal
Berlin
April
1915
Hindu MahasabhaMadan Mohan Malviya1st sessions - Haridwar, 13 Feb 1915
Nov
1916
Justice PartyC. Natesa Mudaliar
T. M. Nair
Theagaraya Chetty
E V Ramaswami
Tamilnadu
South Indian Liberal Federation
1917Ahmedabad Textile Labour AssociationShrimati Ansuyaben Sarabhai
1918Madras Labour UnionB.P. Wadia1st registered Union
31 Oct
1920
All India Trade Union CongressPresident - Lala Lajpat
N M Joshi
Bombay
1921Akali MovementShiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak CommitteeSikh Gurdwara Bill (1925)
1922Jat Pat Torak MandalBhai Paramanand
9 Jan
1923
Swaraj PartyC R Das
Motilal Neheru
took part in election 1923, 1926
1924Hindustan Republican AssociationSachin Sanyal
Jogesh Chandra
1924Indian Independence LeagueRashbehari BoseJapan
1924Bahishkrit Hitkarnini SabhaBR AmbedkarBombay
1925Communist Party of IndiaM. N. RoyTashkent
1925RSSK B HodgewanNagpur
1927All India State People ConferenceBalwant Rai MehtaPrincely States organization, Bombay
1927FICCIG D Birla
Purshottamdas Thakurdas
Industry Federation
Established on the advice of Gandhiji
1928Indian Youth Congress
1928Independence for India LeagueNehru, Netaji - Secretaries
Srinivasa Iyengar -President
It was formed to oppose Nehru Report
1928Hindustan Socialist Republican ArmyBhagat Singh
1929Praja PartyA. K. Fazlul HuqBengal
1936, changed name to Krishak Praja Party
Contested in 1937 election
1929Indian Trade Union FederationN M Joshi
1929Khudai Khidmatgar
(Red Shirts)
Khan Abdul Ghaffar KhanN-W Frontier Province
non-violence

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After 1930 to Independence

YearOrganizationFounderPlace / Remakes
1932Harijan Sevak SanghM K Gandhi
G.D. Birla - President
Amritlal Takkar - Secretary
Result of Poona Pact
1934Congress Socialist PartyNarendra Dev
Jay Prakas Narayan
Patna
1934Revolutionary Communist PartySaumyendranath Tagore
1935Indian History CongressDatto Vaman Potdar
Surendra Nath Sen
Pune
1936All India Kishan SabhaSwami SahajanandaLucknow
1936Independent Labour PartyB R Ambedkar
1938Hind Mazdoor SanghG L Nanda
1939Forward BlockS. C. Bose
1940Radical Democratic PartyM. N. RoyPolitical party
1942Free Indian LegionBoseGermany
1942All India Scheduled Castes FederationB R Ambedkar
1942Indian National ArmyMohan SinghSingapore

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Women Associations

YearOrganisationFounderPlace / Remakes
1882Arya Mahila SamajPandita RamabaiPune
1886Sakhi Samiti
(Women’s Friendship League)
Swarnakumari DebiKolkata
1900Stri Zarothoshti MandalBombay
1906Tamil Madhar Sangam1st meet in Kanchipuram, 1907
1910Bharat Stree MahamandalSarala Devi ChaudhuraniAllahabad
Promote female education
1910Andhra Mahila SabhaRajya Lakshmi
1915Anjuman-e-Khawatin-e-Islam
1917Women’s Indian AssociationAnnie Besant
Margret Cousins
1925National Council of Women in IndiaMehribai Tata
1927All India Women’s ConferenceMargret CousinsPune
Fergusson College Hall
1928Mahila Rashtriya SanghaLatika Bose
1930Rashtriya Stree SanghaSarojini Naidu

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