News Papers, Journals & Books in British India

history of newspapers in India

  • 1st Printing Press was established by Portuguese Saint Ignatius in Goa in 1556.
  • British had established a printing Press in Bombay in 1684. 

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Bengal Gazette

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News Papers, Journals before 1900

Before 1850

YearNameWriter / Editor Remakes
1780Bengal Gazette
29 Jan
J. K. Hikki1st newspaper in India & Asia
1784Madras Courier1st newspaper from Madras
1787India Gazette
1789Bombay Herald1st newspaper from Bombay
1818DigdarshanaJ C Marhman1st Bengali monthly
1818Samachar Darpan
23 May
William Carey
J C Marhman
1st Bengali newspaper
Baptist Mission Press, Serampore, Bengal
1819Samvad KaumudiRam Mohan Roy1st Bengali weekly newspaper
1822Mirat-ul-AkbarRaja Ram Mohan Roy1st Persian language journal
1822BangadutaRammohun Roy
Dwarkanath Tagore
1st paper in 4 language
1822Bombay Samachar1st paper in Gujrati
1826Udant MartandJugal Kishore Shukla1st Hindi weekly
Kolkata
1838Bombay TimesTimes of India 1861
1839Sambad PrabhakarIshwar Chandra Gupta1st Bengali Daily
1843Tattwabodhini Patrika
16 Aug
Debendranath Tagore
Vidyasagar
Akshay Kumar Datta
journal of the Tattwabodhini Sabha
Kolkata

1850 to 1874

YearNameWriter / Editor Remakes
1851Rast GoftarDadabhai Naoroji
1852Vichar LahiriKrushnashastri Chiplunkar
1853Hindoo PatriotGirish Chandra Ghosh
Harish Chandra Mukerji
English weekly
Mouthpiece for indigo planters
1855DinavartamaniTamil-Telugu weekly, Madras
BidhobabivahIshwar Chandra VidyasagarBook
on widow’s right to remarry
1858Som Prakesh
15 Nov
Editor - Dwarakanath Vidyabhusanoriginal plan was suggested by Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
1860Neel DarpanDinabandhu MitraPlay
1862Indian MirrorDevendra Nath Tagore
Manmohan Ghosh
The BengaleeGirish Chandra Ghosh
Surendranath Banerjee
1863Gram Barta ProkashikaKangal Harinath Majumdernewspaper, Kolkata
1864Native OpinionV.N. Mandalik
1865DurgeshnandiniBankim Chandra1st Benagali Novel
The PioneerGeorge AllenAllahabad
1867National PaperNabagopal Mitra
Debendranath Tagore
English weekly
Poverty and Un-British Rule in India
Dadabhai NaorojiBook
'drain of wealth' theory
Kavivachan SudhaBhartendu Harishchandra
1868Amrita Bazar Patrika
20 Feb
Sisir Kumar Ghosh
Motilal Ghosh
Jessore district, Bangladesh
moved to Calcutta
and became bilingual weekly in 1871.
Lenin described ABP as the best nationalist paper in India.
Madras Mail1st evening paper in India
1870Bharat SramajiviSasipada Banerji1st Indian journal of the working class
Sulabh Samachar
16 Nov
Umanath GuptaWeekly newspaper by Indian Reform Association
1871BahubivahIshwar Chandra VidyasagarBook
on banning of polygamy
Tahzib-ul-AkhlaqSir Syed Ahmed Khan
Indian MusalmansWilliam Wilson HunterBook
British policy ‘Divide and Rule
1873GulamgiriJyotirao PhuleBook
BangadarshanaBankim Chandra Chatterjee

1875 to 1899

YearNameWriter / Editor Remakes
1875The StatesmanRebert Knight
Satyarth PrakashSwami Dayananda Saraswatibook
1878The HinduG. Subramania Iyer
Suresh Nambath (Editor)
Chennai
1880Dainik BasumatiUpendranath Mukhopadhyay
1881GaukarunanidhiDayanand SawasatiPamphlet, cow protection
KesariB.G. Tilak
Gopal Ganesh Agarkar
V K Chiplunkar
Marathi Newspaper
MahrattaB.G. Tilak
Gopal Ganesh Agarkar
V K Chiplunkar
English Newspaper
The TribuneDyal Singh MajithiaLahore
1882Ananda MathBankim chandra ChatterjiBook
Inspired by Sannyasi Rebellion
"Vande Mataram" song is a part
SwadeshamitramG. Subramania IyerTamil newspaper
1883Sanjibani journalKrishna Kumar MitraMouthpiece of Sadharan Brahmo Samaj.
1st announce the partition of Bengal on 6th July 1905.
13 July 1905 'Boycott' was first declared on it.
Voice of IndiaDadabhai NaorojiBombay
DeepikaNidhiry Mani KathanarMalayalam newspaper
1888SudharakG.K. GokhaleNewspaper
Plain Tales from the HillsRudyard KiplingBook, Calcutta
1890Malayala ManoramaKandathil Varghese MappillaiMalayalam newspaper
1893New Lamps for OldAurobindo GhoshArticle
1895ParivrajakSwami VivekanandaBook
1896MahayatraRadhanath RayBook, Orissa
Prabuddha BharataSwami VivekanandaEnglish monthly journal
1899UdbodhanSwami Vivekananda
Editor - Trigunatitananda
Bengali publication of Ramakrishna Math
Bartaman BharatSwami VivekanandaEssay
Published in Udbodhan
UdbodhanaSwami VivekanandaMagazine
The Sunset of the CenturyRabindranath Tagore

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News Papers, Journals after 1900

1900 to 1915

YearNameWriter / Editor Remakes
1900O HeraldoAntónio Messias GomesGoa
1st daily Portuguese newspaper
1901The economic history of IndiaRomesh Chandra DuttBook
1903Indian Opinion
6 June
M. K GandhiNatal province, South Africa
1905Bande MataramAurobindo Ghosh
The Indian SocialistShyamji KrishnavermaStarted in London,
from 1907 in Paris
1906SandhyaB.B. Upadhyaya
YugantarBarinda Ghose
KalMaharastra
Bharat MataAjit SinghJournal
Anjumann-i-Mohabtteien
1909Bande Mataram (Paris)Madam KamaParis
Indian War of Independence
V D SavarkarMarathi language book.
nationalist history of the 1857 revolt
The Leader
24 Oct
Madan Mohan MalviyaAllahabad
Most influencer
Hind Swaraj
M. K GandhiBook in Gujarati language.
Traveling from London to South Africa.
Ship -SS Kildonan Castle
His views on Swaraj
1910Bombay ChronicleFiroze Shah Mehta
TalwarBirendra Nath ChattopadhyayaBarlin
1911ComradeMaulana Mohammad Ali
The HitavadaGopal Krishna GokhaleNagpur
Kerala KaumudiC. V. KunhiramanThiruvananthapuram
1912Al-BalaghAbul Kalam AzadUrdu weekly newspaper
Al-HilalAbul Kalam AzadUrdu weekly
1913PratapGanesh Shankar VidyarthiHindi newspaper
Hindustan GhadarYugantar Ashram
(Ghadar Party)
San Francisco
1914New IndiaAnnie Besant
1915CommonwealAnnie Besant

1916 to 1930

YearNameWriter / Editor Remakes
1919IndependentMotilal Nehru
Young IndiaM. K Gandhi
Tarun BharatBaburao ThakurBelgaum,
Marathi newspaper
The SamajaGopabandhu DasCuttack,
Odia newspaper
1920Mook NayakB.R. AmbedkarMarathi weekly
Free Press of IndiaSwaminathan Sadanand1st National news agency
1921Saurashtra weekly
(Phulchhab)
Zaverchand MeghaniGujarati newspaper
1922Indian SocialistS A Dange1st communist Journal
VanguardM N RoyCommunist Journal
Bandi JivanSachindranath Sanyal
Anandabazar PatrikaSuresh Majumdar
Prafulla Sarkar
Bengali daily
1923Nava KaalPrabhakar KhadilkarMarathi daily
MathrubhumiK. P. Kesava MenonMalayalam newspaper
1924Hindustan TimesSunder Singh Lyallpuri
K.M. Pannikar
1925Kudi ArasuPeriyar E. V. RamasamyTamil magazine
A Nation is MakingS. N. BanerjeeBook
1926Future of Indian PoliticsM N RoyCommunist Journal
The Hindu view of lifeSarvepalli RadhakrishnanBook
1927KrantiMirakar, Joglekar, Ghate.Maharashtra
1928Unhappy IndiaLala Lajpat RaiBook
1929Nav JeevanM. K Gandhi
The Cult of BombM. K GandhiArticle
The Philosophy of BombBhagwati Charan VohraManifesto
Hindustan Socialist
Republican Association
(HSRA)

After 1930

YearNameWriter / Editor Remakes
1932HarijanM. K Gandhi
1935The Indian StruggleSubhas Chandra BoseAutobiography
1936Free HindustanTarak Nath Das
HindustanM.M. MalviyaHindi newspaper
1939Life DivineAurobindo Ghoshbook
1941DawnMohammad Ali Jinnah Delhi
English Newspaper
Mouthpiece for Muslim League
1942BiplabiTamralipta Jatiya Sarkarnewspaper
Tamluk, Purba Medinipur
1946India DividedRajendra PrasadBook
1947The Nations VoiceC Rajagopalachari
Mahadev H Desai
Book
Subh-e-AzadiFaiz Ahmed FaizPoem
1955At the feet of Mahatma GandhiRajendra PrasadBook
1956The Story of the Integration
of the Indian States
V. P. MenonBook
1957The Transfer of Power in IndiaV. P. MenonBook
1958A Bunch of Old LettersJawaharlal NehruBook
1959India Wins FreedomAbul Kalam AzadBook
1961The Unity of IndiaRajendra PrasadBook
1966Geography of PuranasSyed Muzafer AliBook

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