Governor General of India


Term
Name
Events
1773-85
Highest tenure of all
Warren Hastings
Regulating Act of 1773
Act of 1781
Pitt’s India Act of 1784
Supreme Council Of Bengal
Asiatic Society of Bengal by him and william jones
Stopped Mughal pension to Shah Alam II
Abolished the Dual System in Bengal
Moved Treasury from Murshidabad to Calcutta
Bengal Gazette- First Indian newspaper published
1st AngloMaratha War (1775–82)
2nd AngloMysore war (1780–84)
1st Rohilla War of 1773–1774
“Ring fence policy”
2nd Rohilla War 1779
Naba Kumar episode 1775
Experimentation on land settlements. (1772-five years settlement, changed to 1 year in 1776)
English Translation of Bhagwat Gita
1785-86
John Macpherson
 
1786-93
 
Lord Cornwallis
Established lower courts and appellate courts
Permanent Settlement in Bihar and Bengal in 1793
3rd Mysore war
Introduction of Cornwallis Code
Introduction of Civil Services in India
Sanskrit Vidyalaya at Benares (now Varanasi) established by Johnathan Duncan(then Governor of Bombay)
1793-98
John Shore
Policy of Nonintervention
Charter Act of 1793
Battle of Kharda between Nizam and Marathas (1795)
1798-1805
Richard Wellesley
Introduction of Subsidiary Alliance
Subsidiary treaty with Nizam 1798
4th Anglo Mysore War 1799
Subsidiary treaty of Bassein 1802
2nd AngloMaratha War (1803–05)
Fort William College at Calcutta
Formation of Madras Presidency after annexation of Tanjore and Carnatic
1805-07
George Barlow
Sepoy mutiny at Vellore 1806
Bank of Calcutta established(later Imperial Bank of India, now SBI)
1807-1813
Lord Minto I
Charter Act of 1813
Treaty of Amritsar 1809 with Ranjit Singh
1813-23
 
Lord Hastings
Ended the policy of Non-intervention
Gorkha war at Nepal 1814-16
  • Treaty of Sugauli
3rd AngloMaratha War (1816-1818)
  • abolition of Peshwaship
Creation of Bombay Presidency in 1818
Ryotwari System in Madras by governor Thomas Munro
Mahalwari System in Central India, Punjab and Western UP
Hindu College at Calcutta in 1817
Pindari War (1817-1818)
General Committee of Public Instruction was formed in 1823
1823
John Adam
Licensing Regulations
Calcutta Unitarian Committee established by Raja Ram Mohan Roy
1823-28
Lord Amherst
1st AngloBurmese War (1824–26)
  • Annexes Assam, Manipur, Arakan
  • Treaty of Yandabo, 1826
1828-35
William Bentinck
1st Governor General of India
Bengal Sati Regulation, 1829
Suppression of thuggee (Henry Sleeman was superintendent)
Charter Act, 1833
Saint Helena Act 1833
Annexation of
  • Cachar 1832
  • Jaintia 1832
  • Coorg 1834
Formation of Agra province
Macaulay’s Minutes 1835
  • English Education Act 1835
  • English as medium of instructions
Medical College, Kolkata
1835-36
Charles Metcalfe
Repealed 1823 Licensing Regulations
Known as Liberator of India Press
1836-42
Lord Auckland
Tripartite Treaty between British, Shah Shuja (Afghan traitor) and Ranjit Singh against Dost Muhammad Khan
1st Anglo Afghan War(1840-42)
Bank of Bombay established(later Imperial Bank of India, now SBI)
1842-44
Lord Ellenborough
Gwalior War (1843) (British Crush Marathas once and for all)
Annexation of Sindh 1843
Bank of Madras established
1844-48
Henry Hardinge I
1st Anglo-Sikh War (1845–46)
  • Treaty of Lahore(1846)
  • British confiscate Kashmir from the Sikhs and sell it to Raja of Jammu
1848-56
Highest tenure as Governor of India
Dalhousie
Doctrine of Lapse
Charles Wood Dispatch 1854
2nd Anglo-Sikh War (1848-1849)
2nd Anglo-Burmese War (1852)
1st train between Bombay and Thane
1st telegraph Line Diamond Harbour to Calcutta
Post Office Act, 1854
Widow Remarriage Act 1856
Established Public Works Department
Engineering College was established at Roorkee
Santhal Rebellion (1855)
1856-62
Canning
Revolt of 1857
Queen Victoria’s proclamation and Government of India Act, 1858
University of Bombay, Calcutta and Madras were set up in 1858
System of Budget introduced, 1860
Formation of Imperial Civil Services
Indian Police Act 1861, creation of the Imperial Police Service
White Mutiny 1859
1864-69
John Lawrence
Bhutan War (1864-65)
Shimla as India’s summer capital in 1863
High Court in Calcutta 1862, Bombay and Madras 1865
Imperial Forestry Service in 1867
Creation of Department of Irrigation
Nicobar Islands incorporated into India 1869
1869-72
Mayo
Started the Census 1871
Rajkumar college in Rajkot and Mayo College at Ajmer for political training of Indian Princes
Started Financial decentralization
Statistical Survey of India
Department of Agriculture and Commerce
Assassinated by Sher Ali Afridi in Andaman
1872-76
Northbrook
Visit of Prince of Wales to India 1875
Jyotiba Phule launches Satyashodhak Samaj
1876-80
Lytton
Great Famine of 1876–78
  • Appointment of 1st Famine Commission
1st Delhi Durbar out of 3, 1877
  • Queen Victoria assuming the title of ‘Empress of India’
2nd Anglo-Afghan War 1878-80
Vernacular Press Act, 1878
Indians Arms Act, 1878
Indian Forest Act of 1878
Deccan Agricultural Relief Act, 1879
1880-84
Ripon
1st Factory Act 1881
Census of 1881
Repeal of Vernacular Press Act 1882
Ilbert Bill 1883
Resolution on local selfgovernment 1882
Education Commission under William Hunter 1882
Famine Code 1883
1884-88
Dufferin
Indian National Congress
  • Cross was Secretary of State
3rd Anglo-Burmese War 1885-86
1888-94
Lansdowne
Factory Act 1891
Indian Council Act 1892
Setting up of Durand Commission  1893
1894-99
Elgin
 
1899-1905
Curzon
Partition of Bengal 1905
2nd Delhi Durbar out of 3, 1903
Raleigh University Commission (1902)
  • Thomas Raleigh
  • Indian Universities Act 1904
Swadeshi Movement (1905-1911)
Younghusband’s expedition to Tibet 1904
Ancient Monument Preservation Act 1904
Agriculture Research Institute in Pusa
1905-10
Minto II
Morley-Minto Reforms 1909
Split in Congress in 1907
Establishment of Muslim League by Aga Khan (1906)
1910-16
Hardinge II
3rd Delhi Durbar, King George V, 1911
Transfer of capital from Calcutta to Delhi 1911
Annulment of Bengal partition 1911
Ghadar Mutiny 1915
Foundation of Hindu Mahasabha 1915
Return of Gandhiji in India 1915
1916-21
Chelmsford
Indian Home Rule Movement 1916
Lucknow reunion of Congress 1916
  • Lucknow Pact 1916
Indian Liberal Federation 1918
Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms 1919
  • August Declaration 1917
Rowlatt Act march 1919
Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre April,1919
Imperial Bank of India
Foundation of Sabarmati Ashram 2016
  • Champaran Satyagraha 1917
  • Ahmedabad Mill Strike 1918
  • Kheda Satyagraha 1918
  • Non-Cooperation 1920
Khilafat movement 1920
Women University at Poona 1916
S.P Sinha as Lieutenant Governor of Bihar (1st Indian)
1921-26
Reading
Malabar rebellion 1921
Chauri Chaura incident 1922
Foundation of Swaraj Party 1922
Foundation of RSS 1925
Foundation of Communist Party 1925
Repeal of Rowlatt Act
ICS exam in England and India 1923
Army Officer cadre to Indian people
1926-31
Irwin
Simon Commission  Nov 1927
Butler Commission 1927
Death of Lala Lajpat Rai 1928
1st meeting of All India Youth Congress 1928
Nehru Report 1928
Fourteen Points of Jinnah 1929
Deepavali Declaration by Irwin 1929
Purna Swaraj declaration Dec,1929
Salt March 1930
1st Round Table Conferences Nov,1930
Allahabad Address by Muhammad Iqbal, 1930
Civil Disobedience Movement
Gandhi–Irwin Pact 1931
Execution of Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar 1931
1931-36
Willingdon
2nd Round Table Conferences sep,1931
3rd Round Table Conferences Nov,1932
Communal Award 1932
Poona Pact Sep,1932
Pakistan Declaration by Choudhary Rahmat Ali Jan,1933
Reserve Bank of India Act 1934
Congress Socialist Party 1934
Government of India Act 1935
Separation of Burma from India 1935
All India Kisan Sabha 1936
1936-43
Highest tenure as Viceroy
Linlithgow
Indian provincial elections 1937
Resignation of Netaji from INC 1939
Resignation of INC ministries 1939
  • Deliverance Day by Muslim League
Lahore Resolution 1940
  • 2-Nations Theory by Jinna
August offer 1940
  • Individual Satyagraha
Escape of Netaji Jan,1941
Cripps Mission March,1942
Formation of Indian Legion in Germany 1942
Quit India resolution at Bombay 8th Aug, 1942
Formation of Indian National Army 1942
Bengal famine 1943
1943-47
Wavell
C. R. formula 1944
Wavell Plan and Simla Conference 1945
INA trials Nov,1945
Naval Mutiny 18th Feb,1946
Cabinet Mission March, 1946
Direct Action Day 16th Aug,1946
Feb, 1947 to  Jun, 1948
Mountbatten
Last Viceroy of India
1st Governor-General of India
1948-50
Rajagopalachari
Only Indian and last Governor-General
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