Eastern Chalukyas (7th -12th century)
- brother of Pulakesin-II was the founder of the
Eastern Chalukya Empire
- Capital was Vengi.
- queen was Ayyana-mahadevi, who built a Jaina
temple at Vijayawada, the earliest reference of Jainism in the
- Eastern Chalukya dynasty during whose reign the
kingdom extended from the Mahendragiri in the north to the Pulicat lake in
- Lokamahadevi built this temple and she was the
queen of Vikramaditya II.
- In front of the Hall of the Priests or Antarala
there is a pillared Mandapam or a meeting place for the people.
- The Virupaksha temple is built on the model of the
Kailasanatha temple at Kancheepuram.
- built the temples of Bhimavaram and Draksharamam
in the east Godavari district
- The Chola king, Rajaraja I, invaded Vengi and
put SaktivarmanI on the Chalukya
- Matrimonial alliances which ultimately ended in
the merger of the two dynasties under Kulottunga (1071-1122 A.D.)
The Yadavas of Devagiri (850–1334)
- The Yadavas of Devagiri claimed their descent from
the epic hero Lord Krishna.
- they ruled over the region from Nasik to Devagiri
- They were feudatory of Rashtrakutas
- The Yadava ruler took advantage of the declining
power of the Later Western Chalukyas of Kalyani and rose to power.
- He came into conflict with Vira Balalla-II
(1173-1220A.D.), a Hoysala ruler.
- He lost his life in the battle of Lakkundi.
- He defeated Kalachuris, Gurjaras and Kakatiyas.
- He defeated Mahadeva, a Kakatiya ruler.
- He invaded Gujarat many times and captured
Kolhapur which belonged to Silhara dynasty.
- Yadava kingdom reached the zenith of its glory and
power in the reign of Simhana
- Sangitaratnakara of Sarangadeva,an important work
on music, was writtenin his court.
- Anantadevaand Changadeva were the two famous
astronomers who lived at the court of Simhana.
- Changadeva established a college of astronomy at
Patanain Khandeshin memory of his illustrious grandfather, Bhaskaracharya.
- Krishna was grandson of Singhana and succeeded
- He was brother Krishna.
- He captured North Konkan and ended the Silhara
Ramachandra Deva (1271-1 309 A.D.)
- He was the last great ruler of this dynasty.
- Ala-ud-din-Khilji defeated him and
made him as a vassal of the Delhi Sultanate.
(1309 – 1312 A.D.)
- He was the son and successor of Ramachandra Deva
- Malik Kafur defeated and killed him in 1312 A.D.
- Harapala, brother-in-law of Sankara Deva raised
the flag against the Khiljis. Mubarak, son of Ala-ud-din Khilji defeated
and killed Harapala. Thus the Yadava dynasty came to an end.
- Built during the reign of the Yadavas.
- It was one of the strongest forts in India.
- The Juma Masjid and Chand Minar was added by the
Delhi Sultans later.
Kakatiya Dynasty of
Warangal (12th -14th
- Earliest known chief was Beta I, a feudatory of
the Western Chalukyas in the first half of the II th century.
- Prola I thus became the founder of the Kakatiya
- The Kakatiya ruler captured the territory between
the Krishna and the Godavari from the Chalukyas
- Hanumakonda as his capital.
- built the famous Thousand-Pillar temple at Hanumakonda.
- He founded a new town called Orugallu, modern
Ganapathi (1199-1261. A.D.)
- He captured territories up to Kanchi from the
- Ganapati was the most powerful of the Kakatiya
- Motupalli, now in the
Krishna district, was an important seaport in his kingdom
- shifted his capital to Warangal
- She was the daughter of Ganapati.
- Yadava, Mahadeva invaded the Kakatiya kingdom, but
Rudramba defeated him and compelled him to sue for peace
- She abdicated the throne in favour of her grandson
- Malik Kafur invaded Warangal in 1303 A.D, during
- Prataprudra – II paid Malik Kafur an immense
treasure in return.
- Ulugh Khan, the son of Ghiasud-din Tughluq
captured Warangal in 1323 A.D. and sent Prataparudra II to Delhi
- His successors continued their struggle with the
rulers of the Tughluq dynasty
- Kohinoor unearthed in
Kollur on the banks of the Krishna River belonged to the Kakatiyas.
Hoysala Dynasty (11th -14th Century)
- Hoyasalas lay in the hilly tracts to the
north-west of Gangavadi in Mysore.
- They became prominent during the prolonged
struggle between the later Chalukyas and the Cholas.
- They initially became feudatories of the Chalukyas
- The founder of the dynasty was Sala, also known as
Vinayaditya (1006 -1022 A.D.)
- Vinayaditya carved out a trivial territory of
Mysore with Sosavir as capital and ruled over it.
- his capital at Belur, although
Dvarasamudra (modem Halebid) was an alternative capital.
- He shifted his capital to Dwarasamudra.
- he was a Jaina, but later he became
a Vaishnava when he was influenced by the Vaishnava teachings of Ramanuja.
Vira Ballala –
- He helped the Chola Kulottunga Ill and Rajaraja
Ill against Sundara Pandya.
- He defeated Billama V of Yadava Dynasty.
- He detained the independence of the Hoysalas.
- Narasimhan-II lost the territory between Krishna
and Tungabhadra to a Yadava ruler, Singhana.
- He defeated Maravarman Sundara Pandya
- Restored Rajaraja-III
to the Chola throne.
- He erected the pillar of victory at Rameshwaram.
- built a capital at Kannanurnear Srirangam
- Ballala III was the last great ruler of this
- In 1310A.D. he was defeated by Malik Kafur.
- In 1342 A.D. finally he lost his life in a battle
against the Madurai Sultan at Trichinapally
- The Hoysalas paved the way for the rise
of Mysore into a big Kingdom.
- HoyasalaTemple at
- In many cases, the Hoyasala temples are not single
but double, having all essential parts duplicated