Location, Standard Time & Borders of India

India pakistan china bangladesh border

  • India is the 7th largest country in the world with 3287263 sq km which is 2.4 % of world area

Borders of India Pakistan china Bangladesh Indian standard time

Borders of India pakistan china bangladesh indian standard time

India pakistan china bangladesh border

Location of India

North to South

  • Latitude – 370 6′ north to 80 4′ north (main land) and 60 45′ north Indira Point or Pygmalion point (Indian Island).
  • Indira Col (J&K) in North and Kanyakumari (Tamilnadu) in South.
  • North to south distance of Indian main land is 3214 Km.

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West to East

  • Longitude – 680 7′ East to 970 25′ East
  • Ghaur Moti in Gujrat to Kibithu in Arunachal Pradesh
  • West to east distance of Indian main land is 2933 Km.

Borders of India

Highest Point of India 

  • Kangchenjunga 8,586 m (Sikkim)

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Lowest Point in India

  • Kuttanad  -2.2 m (Kerala)

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India pakistan china bangladesh border

Indian Standard Time – IST

  • Indian Standard Time is calculated on the basis of 820 5′ E longitude
  • 820 5′ East Longitude going through west of the town of Mirzapur, near Allahabad.
  • Indian Standard Time is 5 hours 30 min ahead of Greenwich Mean Time.
  • 820 5′ East Longitude is going through 5 state – UP, MP, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, AP.
  • Time difference between eastern most and western most point of India is 1 hour 56 min.
  • National Physical Laboratory India (NPLI) is the Time Keeper of the Country.
  • It works under Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)
  • Before independence there were 2 standard time, Calcutta Time and Bombay Time.
  • It continued until 1948 and 1955, respectively.
  • Assam, tea gardens follow a separate time zone, known as the Chaibagaan or Bagan time, which is 1 hour ahead of IST.
  • It allowed by Plantations Labour Act, 1951.

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India pakistan china bangladesh border

Topic of Cancer (230 5′ N latitude)

  • Its passes through 8 states – Gujarat, Rajasthan, MP, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, WB, Tripura, Mizoram.

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Borders of India india pakistan border india china border india bangladesh border

India pakistan china bangladesh border

Neighbour Countries & Borders of India

  • India has 15106.7 km of land border running through 92 districts in 18 States & UTs.
  • India shares land borders with 7 countries
    • Bangladesh – 4,156 km
    • China – 3488 km
    • Pakistan – 3323 km
    • Nepal – 1758 km
    • Myanmar – 1624 km
    • Bhutan – 699 km
    • Afghanistan – 106 km
  • Coastline of India is 7516.6 Km (6100 km of mainland coastline + coastline of 1417 Indian islands) touching 13 States and UTs
  • Maritime borders of India are recognized by the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea.
  • Territorial water can be divided into
    • Contiguous zones – 12-nautical-mile
    • Exclusive economic zones – 200-nautical-mile
  • India has a more than 7000 km maritime border shared with 7 countries
    • Bangladesh – New Moore Island
    • Indonesia – Indira Point
    • Myanmar – Coco Islands
    • Pakistan – Sir Creek
    • Thailand – Similan Islands
    • Sri Lanka – Katchatheevu
    • Maldives – Maliku Kandu

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Land Borders of India

India Bangladesh Border

  • India Bangladesh Border is the 5th longest land border in the world.
  • This boundary has been determined under the Radcliffe Award.
  • This border is guarded by Border Security Force (BSF)
  • India Bangladesh Border state wise
    1. West Bengal – 2,217 km
    2. Tripura – 856 km
    3. Meghalaya – 443 km
    4. Assam – 262 km
    5. Mizoram – 180 km
  • India & Bangladesh has Bus and Railway connection and Border Haats.
  • India–Bangladesh enclaves, also known as the chitmahals.
  • Tin Bigha Corridor is a strip of land belonging to India was leased to Bangladesh to access its Dahagram–Angarpota enclave in Sept 2011.
  • Dahala Khagrabari was the world’s only thirdorder enclave.
  • It was ceded to Bangladesh through 100th amendment act in Constitution of India in 2015.

Borders of India

India China Border

  • Five Indian states J&k, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh touch the India China border.
  • India China border name is Mc Mahon Line.
  • This boundary agreement done at Shimla accord in 1913-14.
  • India China border is guarded by Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
  • Boundary as per states
    1. J&K  – 1954 km
    2. Arunachal – 1080 km
    3. Uttarakhand – 463 km
    4. Himachal – 345 km
    5. Sikkim – 220 km
  • India, China and Myanmar form the tri-point borders at the Diphu mountain pass, nearby Walong, Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Line of Actual Control (LAC) separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the Ladakh region.
  • It was formed after the 1962 war.

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Line of Control Line of Actual Control
Line of Control & Line of Actual Control

 

India Pakistan Border

  • India Pakistan border is the result of partition of the country in 1947 under the Radcliffe award.
  • India Pakistan border name is Radcliffe line.
  • This border is guarded by Border Security Force (BSF)
  • India Pakistan border state wise
    1. J&K – 1222 km
    2. Rajasthan – 1170 km
    3. Gujrat – 506 km
    4. Punjab  – 425 km
  • Line of Control (LoC) is the military control line between the India and Pakistan controlled parts of e of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • LoC is not a legally recognized international boundary.
  • It is originally known as the Cease-fire Line
  • It was redesignated as the “Line of Control” after the Simla Agreement, signed on 3 July 1972.
  • The northernmost point of the Line of Control is known as NJ9842.
  • India Pakistan border continues from the southernmost point on the LoC.

Borders of India

India Nepal Border

  • India Nepal Border, is an open international border.
  • This border was established after the treaty of Sugauli in 1816 between Nepal and British India.
  • India-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship was signed at Kathmandu on 31 July 1950, which allows free movement of people and goods between the two nations.
  • This border is guarded by Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
  • India Nepal border as per states
    1. UP – 651 km
    2. Bihar – 601 km
    3. Uttarakhand – 303 km
    4. Sikkim – 98 km
    5. WB – 96 km

Borders of India

India Myanmar Border

  • India Myanmar border was decided by the treaty of Yandabo in 1826.
  • This border is guarded by Assam Rifles (AR)
  • India Myanmar border as per states
    1. Arunachal – 520 km
    2. Mizoram – 510 km
    3. Manipur – 398 km
    4. Nagaland – 215 km
  • India Myanmar border has a Free Movement Regime (FMR)
  • It allows tribes living along the border to travel 16 km across either side of the border without visa.
  • India–Myanmar–Thailand Trilateral highway also known as East-West Economic Corridor is the AH1 of Asian Highway Network.
  • It will connect Moreh (Manipur), India with Mae Sot, Thailand via Myanmar.

Borders of India

India Bhutan Border

  • Treaty of Peace between Britain and Bhutan demarcated the India Bhutan border in 1865, following the Bhutan War.
  • The boundary was refined in the 1973-1984 period.
  • This border is guarded by Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
  • India Bhutan border as per states 
    1. Assam – 267 km
    2. Arunachal – 217 km
    3. WB – 183 km
    4. Sikkim – 32 km
  • The India Bhutan border is the only land access to Bhutan, as the border with China is completely closed.
  • The single entry point for foreign nationals is between the towns of Jaigaon, (WB) India and Phuntsholing, Bhutan.

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India Afghanistan Border

  • It is called Durand line
  • India Afghanistan border is 106 km long and in the region of PoK.

Borders of India

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Other Facts about Borders of India

  • J&K has the longest international border length of 3176 Km
  • WB has 2nd longest international border length of 2509.7 Km
  • Arunachal is 3rd in this line.
  • Nagaland has the smallest international border of 215 km.
  • 4 states touches international boundary of 3 countries
    • Sikkim – China, Nepal, Bhutan
    • West Bengal – Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh
    • Arunachal Pradesh – China, Bhutan, Myanmar
    • J&K – Pakistan, China, Afghanistan

Borders of India

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