Mahatma Gandhi – Information – Time Line

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work life of mahatma gandhi ji gandhiji history information

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Mahatma Gandhi Early Life

Date

Year

Details

02Oct

1869

Birth of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi at Porbandar

Son of Karamchand and Putlibai

 

1881

He entered high school in Rajkot.

 

1882

Marriage with Kasturbai, at the age of 13.

 

1888

Mahatma Gandhi reached Southampton, England to study law

 

1891

He was called to the Bar, Began practice of law in Bombay and Rajkot

 

1893

He reached in Durban, Natal

 

1893

Refused to remove his Paghadi; left the court.

31May

1893

Mahatma Gandhi was thrown off from the first class carriage of the train at Pietermartizburg Station.

 

1893

Read Tolstoy’s ‘Kingdom of God is Within You’.

 

1994

Gandhiji drafted first petition sent by the Indians to a South African legislature.

22-Aug

1894

Gandhiji Founded the ‘Natal Indian Congress’.

 

1896

Commenced writing the ‘Green Pamphlet’ at Rajkot.

 

1896

Public lecture at Poona

Chaired by Ramkrishna Bhandarkar.

Dec

1896

Mahatma Gandhi sailed for South Africa with family.

 

1899

He established Indian Ambulance Corp during the Boer War

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Struggle in South Africa

 

1901

Mahatma Gandhi attend INC meeting in Calcutta.

G.K. Gokhale introduces him to nationalist leaders.

 

1903

Gandhiji opened law office in Johannesburg

Jun

1903

First issue of ‘Indian Opinion’ published.

Dec

1904

He established ‘Phoenix Settlement’ near Durban, after reading Ruskin’s “Unto This Last”

 

1906

He Organised Indian Ambulance Corps for Zulu “Rebellion”

Jul

1906

Mahatma Gandhi took the vow of Brahmcharya.

11 Sept

1906

1st Satyagraha meeting at Empire Theatre, Johannesburg.

People took a pledge with God as their witness, to oppose the Black Act.

Oct

1906

Mahatma Gandhi left for England as a member of the Indian Delegation.

22-Mar

1907

Asiatic Registration Bill passed in Transvaal Parliament.

June

1907

Organised Satyagraha against compulsory registration of Asians (“The Black Act”)

 

1908

The term ‘Satyagraha’ adopted based on Maganlal Gandhi’s fomulation ‘Sadagraha’.

 

1908

Awarded two months’ simple imprisonment for refusal to obtain registration.

30-Jan

1908

An agreement signed with General Smuts on voluntary registration with Gandhiji

Feb

1908

Attacked and wounded by Indian extremist, Mir Alam, for reaching settlement with Smuts

Aug

1908

After Smuts broke agreement, second satyagraha campaign began with bonfire of registration certificates

Oct

1908

Mahatma Gandhi was arrested for not having certificate, and sentenced to two months’ imprisonment in Volksrust jail

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Tolstoy Farm

Feb

1909

Mahatma Gandhi was sentenced to three months’ imprisonment in Volksrust and Pretoria jails

 

1909

He left for England as a member of the Indian Delegation

13-22 Nov

1909

Gandhiji wrote ‘Hind Swarajya’ aboard the ship ‘Kildonan Castle’.

Dec

1909

Hind Swarajyapublished in ‘Indian Opinion’.

 

1910

‘Hind Swarajya’ proscribed.

Sent a copy of English rendering ‘Indian Home Rule’ to Tolstoy.

Jun

1910

Mahatma Gandhi established Tolstoy Farm near Johannesburg

 

1912

Gopal krishna Gokhale’s South Africa tour commenced

 

1913

Began penitential fast (one meal a day for more than four months) because of moral lapse of two members of Phoenix Settlement.

Nov

1913

3rd satyagraha campaign begun by Gandhiji.

 

1913

Kasturba and others was arrested.

 

1913

Mahatma Gandhi was released from jail unconditionally with others.

 

1914

Underwent fourteen days’ fast by him.

26-Jun

1914

IndiansRelief Bill (1914), passed

Jul

1914

Travelled to London to meet Gokhale; Phoenix party at Santiniketan.

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Returns in India and Satyagraha

9-Jan

1915

Mahatma Gandhireturns home to India

 

1915

Visited Santiniketan

Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title “Mahatma”

 

1915

Visited Kumbh Mela, Hardwar.

May

1915

Established ‘Satyagraha Ashram’, Kochrab near Ahmedabad

Jun

1915

Mahatma Gandhi was awarded the ‘Kaisare Hind’ medal.

 

1915

1st Harijan family of Dudabhai, Danibehn and Laxmi joined the Ashram.

 

1915

Elected as Vice President of Gujarat Sabha.

 

1916

Lectured at Benaras Hindu University.

Dec

1916

Met Jawaharlal Nehru at Lucknow Congress

10-Apr

1917

Mahatma Gandhi reached Champaran with Rajkumar Shukla

Started investigation on condition of indigo farmers

1st civil disobedience

 

 

 1st time Gandhi was called “Bapu” by Sant raut

 

1917

Sabarmati Ashram established.

 

1917

Presided over the 1st Gujarat Political Conference, Godhara.

 

1917

Mahadev Desai joined as Secretary

Feb

1918

Mahatma Gandhi was appointed to arbitar the dispute between Mill-owners and Mill-hands of Ahmedabad

15-Mar

1918

Ahmedabad Mill Strike started

Indefinite fast to keep the resolve of striking Mil

1st hunger strike by Gandhiji

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22-Mar

1918

Mahatma Gandhi addressed the public meeting of 5000 peasants at Nadiad, Kheda district of Gujarat

Advised them to not pay land revenue

Kheda Satyagraha – 1st Non Cooperation

His chief lieutenant, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

06-Apr

1919

National Hartal – 1st mass strike

Satyagraha against the Rowlett Act – Black Act.

13-Apr

1919

Massacre at Jallianwala Baug, Amritsar, Punjab

3 days’ fast in Ahmedabad commenced

 

1919

Navajivanpublished.

 

1919

Young Indiapublished.

 

1919

Congress boycott the Hunter Commission and set up independent inquiry

 

1919

Mahatma Gandhi became President of All India Khilafat movement

01-Aug

1920

Returned Kaiser-i-Hind honors – to protest the Jallianwala Bagh

Non-co-operation and Khilafat movement started

 

1920

Gujarat Vidyapith established

 

1921

Given the reigns of the Congress in Ahmedabad.

01-Feb

1922

Bardoli Taluka resolved against payment of land revenue

Gandhiji threatened to launch CivilDisobedience

05-Feb

1922

22 Policemen were killed at Chauri Chaura, Gorakhpur, UP

10-Mar

1922

Gandhiji stopped Non-co-operation movement

Gandhiji and Shankerlal Banker arrested.

 

1922

Charged of sedition for the authorship of 3 articles in Young India.

Mar

1922

Trial held at Ahmedabad Circuit House

Judge Broomfield awarded Gandhiji a 6 yearsimprisonment.

 

1922

Transferred to Yeravda Prison.

05-Feb

1924

Mahatma Gandhi wasa released from prison unconditionally

 

1924

Publication of ‘Dakshin Africana Satyagrahano Itihas‘ in Navajivan

Sep

1924

21 days’ fast for communal harmony commenced at Maulana Mohammed Ali’s house, Delhi.

Dec

1924

Mahatma Gandhi presided over the Belgaum Congress.

 

1925

‘All India Spinners’ Association’ established

 

1925

Madeleine Slade joined Satyagraha Ashram, named Mirabehn.

Nov

1925

Publication of ‘Satyana Prayogo athava Atmakatha’ in Navajivan.

Dec

1925

Publication of ‘Autobiography or The Story of My Experiments with Truth‘ in Young India.

03-Feb

1928

Boycott of Simon Commission

 

1929

Wrote introduction to ‘Anasktiyoga’.

31Oct

1929

Viceroy Lord Irwin announces Round Table Conference

02-Nov

1929

Delhi Manifesto published

Dec

1929

Gandhiji and other leaders met Lord Irwin

Irwin rejected demands of Delhi Manifesto

27-Dec

1929

Purna Swaraj Resolution adopted at Lahore Congress.

work life of mahatma gandhi ji gandhiji history information

Dandi march

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Civil Disobedience and Struggle Continues

26Jan

1930

Mahatma Gandhi made Declaration of Independence of India

Gandhiji presented 11 points Demands, 31-Jan as last date to accept by British

Independence day celebrated all over India by meeting and Flag hosting

02-Mar

1930

Wrote to the Viceroy about his intention to break the Salt Law.

12-Mar

1930

Dandi March started from Satyagraha Ashram, Sabarmati

06-Apr

1930

Mahatma Gandhi covered 240 miles by walking and reached at Dandi

Broke Salt Law at coast of Dandi

04-May

1930

Gandhiji declared to lead raid  on Dharasana Salt Works

Arrested and sent to Yeravda Prison

21May

1930

Manilal son of Gandhi, Sarojini Naidu raid  on Dharasana Salt Works

05-Jan

1931

Time magazine named Gandhi the Man of the Year – 1930

25-Jan

1931

Gandhiji and other leaders Released from prison

14-Feb

1931

Delhi Pact known as Gandhi-Irwin pact signed

07Sep

1931

Gandhiji represent Congress at 2nd Round Table Conference in London

13-Sep

1931

Recorded a message for the people of America

09-Oct

1931

Met Maria Montessori.

20-Oct

1931

‘God is’ recorded

05-Nov

1931

Attended (in his loin-cloth) Royal reception for delegates of 2nd Round Table Conference at Buckingham Palace at  invitation of Emperor George V

13-Nov

1931

Declared his opposition to separate electorate

01-Dec

1931

2nd Round Table Conference ends

Dec

1931

He met Mussolini in Rome.

29-Dec

1931

Congress Working Committee adopted to resume Civil Disobedience movement

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2nd round table conference

04-Jan

1932

Gandhiji was arrested and sent to Yerawada

10-Mar

1932

Mahadev Desai (Mahatma Gandhi’s personal secretary) transferred to Yerawada

16-Aug

1932

British Prime minister Ramsay Macdonald announced the Communal Award

20-Sep

1932

Gandhiji went on a indefinite fast against Communal Award

24Sep

1932

Poona Pact signed in Yerawada between Gandhi and Dr. Ambedkar

30-Sep

1932

All Indian Anti-untouchability league Harijan Sevak Sangh established

Jan

1933

Published weekly ‘Harijan’

‘Harijan Sevak’ in Hindi and ‘Harijanbandhu’ in Gujarati

Sep

1933

Went to Wardha with a decision to not involve himself with politics

And not retuned to Sabarmati ashram until Swaraj achieved

07-Nov

1933

Nationwide Harijan Yatra commenced

Mahatma Gandhi used the term Antyaja for untouchables

 

1934

He resigned from the Congress.

Dec

1934

‘All India Village Industries’ Association’ established.

 

1936

Travancore temples opened to Harijans

01-Sep

1939

2nd World War started, Germany attacked Poland

03-Sep

1939

Britain declared India as a part of Alice power

31-Oct

1939

Congress Ministries resign

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gandhiji history information
Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad

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Quit India Movement and Independence

 

1940

Segaon named Sevagram.

Oct

1940

Congress Working Committee meeting at Sevagram

Individual Satyagraha proposed by Gandhiji

Oct

1940

Vinoba Bhave was 1st Individual Satyagrahi and Nehru was 2nd

Dec

1941

‘On Constructive Programme’ published.

Dec

1941

Congress Working Committee at Bardoli accepted Gandhiji’s request to free him from  responsibility of guiding Congress

Jan

1942

He Informed Congress Working Committee at Sevagram that Jawaharlal Nehru would be his political heir

Mar

1942

Advised the Cripps Mission to return to England

Mahatma Gandhi called it as “a post-dated Cheque”

Jul

1942

Congress Working Committee at Wardha adopted the resolution for immediate withdrawal of the British from India.

08-Aug

1942

Quit India’ resolution adopted in Congress meeting in Gowalia Tank, Bombay

Mahatma Gandhi gave the call ‘Do or Die’.

09-Aug

1942

Gandhiji and Congress Working Committee members arrested

Gandhiji imprisoned at the Aga Khan Palace

Feb

1943

Commenced a 21 day fast against exhortation by government to condemned violence

22-Feb

1944

Death of Kasturba; cremated at Aga Khan Palace.

May

1944

Mahatma Gandhi released unconditionally

 

1944

CR formula for Congress-League cooperation – Gandhi – Jinnah talk

06-Jul

1944

Netaji called him “Father of Our Nation” from Rangoon on Singapore radio

Jun

1945

Lord Wavell calls for negotiations

15-Jun

1945

Congress Working Committee members released from Ahmedanagar Fort Prison.

Ban on Congress lifted.

25-Jun

1945

Simla Conference between Lord Wavell and major political leaders

24Mar

1946

Cabinet Mission reaches Delhi

Pethick-Lawrence – Secretary of State for India, Stafford Cripps and A. V. Alexander

 

July

Election held in provincial assemblies for Constituent Assembly

10-Jul

1946

Congress accept the formation of the Constituent Assembly

16-Aug

1946

Direct Action day – Communal riots in Calcutta, Bombay, Bihar and some other area

02Sep

1946

Interim Government formed headed by Nehru

26-Oct

1946

Muslim League joined the Interim Government

Nov

1946

Mahatma Gandhi left for Noakhali

02-Jan

1947

Bare Foot March to Noakhali commences

20-Feb

1947

Attlee’s statement for independence of India

Mar

1947

Tour of violence-affected villages of Bihar by Gandhiji

31-Mar

1947

He met the new Viceroy Lord Mountbatten

Apr

1947

Left for Bihar

03-Jun

1947

Mountbatten plan of Partition – Congress, Muslim League and representatives of Sikhs accept

13-Aug

1947

Gandhiji came in Calcutta with Shaheed Suhrawardy

15-Aug

1947

Spent the day in fast and prayer

31-Aug

1947

Indefinite fast against the communal violence in Calcutta

04-Sep

1947

Broke the fast

09-Sep

1947

Reached Delhi

30-Jan

1948

Took three bullets on his chest age of 78

Godse the assassin

31-Jan

1948

Cremated on the banks of the Yamuna by Ramdas.

 

Notes

  • His Resting place – Raj Ghat, Delhi
  • In 1948 Nobel committee chose not to award the peace prize stating that “there was no suitable living candidate”
  • Ben Kingsley portrayed him in Richard Attenborough’s 1982 film Gandhi,[402] which won 8 Oscars (Academy Award)
  • In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly declared Gandhi’s birthday 2 October as “the International Day of Nonviolence.”

 

work life of mahatma gandhi ji gandhiji history information

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