March 10, 2019 NITI Aayog By Sutirtha Datta Indian Economy 0 Comments Contents NITI AayogNeed of it in Changing SituationNITI Aayog Members – Structure Functions of NITI AayogGuiding Principle of NITI AayogSpecialized Wings in the NITI AayogNiyatamAction Agenda of NITI Aayog Three Year Revenue and Expenditure Framework NITI Aayog National Institution for Transforming India. Set up in 1st Jan 2015 by a Cabinet Resolution. Its target to empowered states as equal partners in national development -principle of Cooperative Federalism. It’s a Think Tank offering domain knowledge as well as strategic expertise to all levels of the government. Achieve proper Implementation by monitoring progress It is a bottom to top approach. Need of it in Changing Situation India has changed dramatically over the past 65 years Government highlighted some key areas Demographic shift Growing urban population Higher demographic dividend and low average Age People is moving from scarcity and survival to safety and surplus Economic shift Indian economy has expanded by over a hundred times, going from a GDP of Rs. 10,000 crore to Rs. 100 lakh crore India emerge as one of the world’s largest economy Agriculture’s share in the GDP has seen a dramatic drop, from more than 50%to less than 15% Shift in the private sector Private sector has matured into a vibrant and dynamic force Government need to shift from allocator of resources in a command and control Eco-system, to a directing, calibrating, supporting and regulating a market Eco-system Government must, transition from being a ‘major player’ in the economy, to being a ‘catalyst’ nurturing an ‘enabling environment’ for all, from small self-employed entrepreneurs Forces of globalization Policy making and functioning of govt. need to match the realities of our continuing integration with the global economic system Role of the states States must become national goal, for the nation’s progress “it is unreasonable to centralize powers where central control and uniformity is not clearly essential or is impracticable” – Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Technology paradigm Technology advancements and information access integrated our varied regions and ecosystems National economy and society, opening up newer avenues of coordination and cooperation. Technology is playing a role in enhancing transparency, efficiency and holding govt. more accountable NITI Aayog Members – Structure Chairman – Prime Minister of India (de-facto) Governing Council – comprise the Chief Ministers of all states and Lt. Governors of union territories Regional Councils Vice-Chairperson – appointed by the PM Ex-Officio Members – maximum of 4 members of the Union Council of Ministers to be nominated by the PM Chief Executive Officer – to be appointed by the PM for a fixed tenure, in the rank of Secretary Full-time Members Part-time Members – maximum of 2, from leading universities, research organizations Special Invitees – have experts, specialists from relevant domains Functions of NITI Aayog Cooperative & Competitive Federalism State governments and the local bodies must be made equal partners in the development process Implementing a genuine and continuing Center-State partnership Shared National Agenda A shared vision of national development priorities and strategies State’s Best Friend at the Centre It will support states in addressing their own challenges Help to building capacity on strengths and comparative advantages Decentralized Planning Restructure the planning process into a ‘bottom-up model’ Guiding states to further empower local bodies It will provide specialised inputs in strategic, functional and technical to center and states Vision & Scenario Planning It will design medium and long-term strategic frameworks for the big picture vision of India’s future Target will be constantly monitored for necessary mid-course re-calibration for evolving trends and addressing emerging challenge Domain Strategies To build a repository of specialized domain expertise, both secretarial and cross-secretarial This will enable the imbibing of good governance best practices, both national as well as international, regards to structural reforms in the country Network of Expertise Include external ideas and expertise into government policies and programmes through a collaborative community of national and international experts Harmonisation It will facilitate harmonization across different layers of govt. in overlapping issues Conflict Resolution To provide a ‘platform’ for mutual resolution of inter-sectoral, inter-departmental, inter-state as well as center-state issues Coordinating interface with the World It will be the ‘nodal point’ for strategically harnessing global expertise and resources in India’s developmental process Capacity Building To enable ‘capacity building’ and ‘technology up-gradation’ across governments Monitoring and Evaluation It will ‘monitor’ the implementation of policies and programmes, and ‘evaluate’ their impact Guiding Principle of NITI Aayog Aayog will be guided by an overall vision of development which is inclusive, equitable and sustainable It will follow a strategy of empowerment built on human dignity and national self-respect It will follow a development model which is all round, all pervasive, all inclusive and holistic Antyodaya To priorities service and upliftment of the poor, marginalized and downtrodden Inclusion To empower vulnerable and marginalized sections, redressing identity-based inequalities of all kinds—gender, region, religion, caste or class Village To integrate our villages into the development process Demographic Dividend To harness our greatest asset, the people of India, by focusing on their development It can be possible through education and skilling, and their empowerment People’s Participation To transform the developmental process into a people-driven one, making an awakened and participative citizenry – the driver of good governance Governance To nurture an open, transparent, accountable, pro-active and purposeful style Sustainability Maintain sustainability at the core of our planning and developmental process Specialized Wings in the NITI Aayog Research Wing – It will develop in-house sectoral expertise as a dedicated think tank of top notch domain experts, specialists and scholars Consultancy Wing – It will provide panels of expertise and funding, for Central and state govt. to match their requirements with solution providers, public and private, national and international Team India Wing -It will comprise of representatives from every state and ministry and will serve as a permanent platform for national collaboration. Niyatam By late 2015-16, Niti initiated the Niyatam under which it plans to engage with the states on 6 issues: Size of the government Number of the government departments is to be cut down to maximum 20 to enhance administrative efficiency and effectiveness Rationalizing schemes Number of states’ schemes and centrally funded are to be rationalized It aimed at giving states more revenues (14th Finance Commission) to formulate their Budgets in a better way Monitoring development States’ development is to be monitored by collecting data on a set of indicators such as education, health, roads, water, electricity, mobile penetration etc. District planning The Aayog also proposes to work on district planning by examining the baseline indicators, strengths and weaknesses of each district Result Framework Document Establishing a result framework document at block level Legal reforms Aimed at improving efficiency in government functioning Laws are to be revamped by repealing old laws Rationalising and consolidating the rest of the laws and introducing new laws Action Agenda of NITI Aayog The work on the three documents has progressed in parallel Fifteen Year Vision Seven Year Strategy Three Year Action Agenda Three Year Revenue and Expenditure Framework Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) for the Centre is proposed. based on forecasts of revenue It proposes sector-wise expenditure allocation for three years Roadmap consisting of sifting additional revenues towards high priority sectors – health, education, agriculture, rural development, defence, railways, roads Agriculture Doubling Farmers’ Income by 2022 Reform the agriculture product marketing to ensure farmers’ income Raise productivity by irrigation, faster seed replacement and precision agriculture (site specific crop management ) Industry and Services – Job Creation Create Coastal Employment Zones (CEZs) to boost exports and generate high-productivity jobs Labour-market flexibility through reforming key laws Action points for specific sectors – Apparel, Leather and Footwear, Electronics, Food processing., Gems and Jewellery, Tourism, Fïnancc and Real Estate Urban Development Bring down land prices for affordable housing through increased supply of urban land Reform the Rent Control Act along the lines of Model Tenancy Act. Promote dormitory housing Address issues related to city transportation infrastructure and waste management Regional strategies Actions targeted aimed at improving development outcomes in the North Eastern Region Coastal Areas and Islands. North Himalayan states Desert and Drought prone states Transport and Digital Connectivity Strengthen infrastructure in roadways, railways, shipping and ports, inland waterways and civil aviation Ensure last-mile digital connectivity, particularly for e-governance and financial inclusion, through developing infrastructure, simplifying the payments structure and improving literacy. Introducing low cost debt instruments and operationalizing the National Investment Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) NITI Aayog Energy Providing electricity to all households by 2022 LPG connection to all BPL households, elimination of black carbon by 2022 Extension of the city gas distribution programme to 100 smart cities Coal sector reform by regulator and encouraging commercial mining Science and Technology Create comprehensive database of all government schemes and evaluate them Develop guidelines for PPPs in science and technology to improve education and demand-driven research Channel science and technology to address development challenges such as access to education, improving agricultural productivity and waste water management Create a National Science, Technology and Innovation Foundation (NSTIF) to identify and deliberate national issues Streamline the administration of the patent regime. Governance Re-calibrate the role of the govt. by shrinking its involvement in non-public purpose activities and expanding its role in areas that necessarily require public provision Implement the roadmap on closing loss-making PSEs and strategic disinvestment of 20 identified CPSEs. Expand the government’s role in public health and quality education Strengthen the civil services through better human resource management, e-governance, tenures of secretaries and increasing specialization and lateral entry. Taxation and Regulation Tackle tax evasion, expand the tax base through reforms Strengthen public procurement The Rule of Law Undertake significant judicial system reforms through use of ICT Reduced judicial workload Legislative administrative and operational reforms of police are suggested to the states. NITI Aayog Education and Skill Development Shift the emphasis on the quality of school education by focusing on foundational learning Move away from input-based to outcome based assessments. Revisit the policy of automatic promotion up to eighth grade. Create a tiered regulation of universities and colleges to provide greater autonomy to top universities under the current system. Focus on creating and funding public universities under the World Class Universities program. Health Focus on public health through more government expenditure on it Formulate a model policy on human resources for health Implement a bridge course for nurses AYUSH practitioners in primary care. Reform Indian Medical Council Act and the acts governing homeopathy and Indian systems of medicine Launch the National Nutrition Mission; develop a comprehensive Nutrition Information System.