Physical & World Geography – WBCS Preliminary Question Paper

Physical & World Geography
physical geography questions

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2021

73. The ratio of the diameters of moon and earth is nearly


(A) 1 : 2     

(B) 1 : 5     

(C) 1 : 4    

(D) 1 : 8




WBCS Preliminary Question – 2020

59. Identify the correct pairs for Northern Hemisphere.
1. Winter Solstice – December 22nd
2. Autumn Equinox – September 23rd
3. Summer Solstice – June 21st
4. Spring Equinox – March 21st
Choose the correct answer from the given code:
(A) 1 and 2
(B) 2 and 3
(C) 3 and 4
(D) All are correctly matched
80. Light from the sun reaches us in nearly
(8 min 20 sec)
(A) 2 minutes
(B) 8 minutes
(C) 4 minutes
(D) 16 minutes
(A) Metric scale
(B) Quake scale
(C) Richter scale
(D) Epicenter scale



WBCS Preliminary Question – 2019

49. Manasorovar lake lies in
(Tibet Autonomous Region)
(A) Karakoram Range      
(B) Pirpanjal Range     
(C) Kailas Range
(D) Mahabharata Range

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2018

51. On average, air contains ______ % of water vapour.
(a) 1
(b) 3
(c) 5
(d) 7

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2017

136. India’s share of total land area in the world is about
(A) 2.4 per cent
(B) 2.8 per cent
(C) 3.2 per cent
(D) 3.6 per cent

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2016

131.  Tropopause is :
(A) A region between troposphere and stratosphere.
(B) A natural umbrella above volcanic eruptions.
(C) Both (A) and (B)
(D) Neither (A) nor (B)
121.  For his model of industrial location, Weber makes use of:
(A) Isogons       
(B) Isophenes        
(C) Isodapanes
(D) Isotachs

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2015

77.  If there were no atmosphere, the earth would have been
(A) Slightly hot     
(B) Slightly cold       
(C) Very hot
(D) Very cold
86. Geographical concentration of industries generates
(A) Horizontal linkage only      
(B) Vertical linkage only
(C) Both vertical and horizontal linkages
(D) No linkage effect
119.  In which layer of the atmosphere does ozone act as a UV radiation shield ?
(A) Troposphere      
(B) Thermosphere       
(C) Stratosphere
(D) Mesosphere
139.  One of the characteristics of the atmosphere of prebiotic primitive earth was :
(A) Absence of hydrogen       
(B) Absence of water vapour
(C) Absence of nitrogen        
(D) Absence of oxygen
178.  Theory of Plate Tectonic explains
(A) Formation of Mountains     
(B) Sea floor spreading
(C) Origin of earthquakes       
(D) All of the above
182.  An area will be described as urban if it has
(A) High population
(B) Has towns and cities
(C) Has a high proportion of people in non-agriculture pursuits
(D) All of the above



WBCS Preliminary Question – 2014

53.  El Nino refers to

(A) an atmospheric phenomenon       

(B) an environmental phenomenon

(C) an Oceanic phenomenon       

(D) a climatic phenomenon


WBCS Preliminary Question – 2013

27.  Seismograph is :
(A) An instrument for photographing clouds
(B) An instrument for recording earthquake tremors
(C) An instrument for measuring depths of water in the sea
(D) A device for recording changes in the atmospheric pressure
45.  On a map of the world some lines are drawn joining places of equal dip angles. These lines are known as –
(same magnetic inclination)
(A) Isogonic lines       
(B) Isoclinic lines
(C) Agonic lines      
(D) Isothermal lines
61.  In terms of area India’s rank in the world is —
(A) 5th        
(B) 7th
(C) 10th     
(D) 12th
88.  Part of earth where life exist is known as —
(A) Lithosphere      
(B) Hydrosphere     
(C) Atmosphere      
(D) Biosphere
75.  Endemic plants are those which grow in 
(A) Fresh water lakes      
(B) Shady places      
(C) On other plants        
(D) Geographically limited areas

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2012

178.  El Nino in the Pacific
(south pacific ocean)
(A) Increases monsoon rainfall over India         
(B) Decreases monsoon rainfall over India
(C) Increases cyclones over Bay of Bengal        
(D) Decreases cyclones over Bay of Bengal

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2011

197.  The latitude of a place is expressed by its angular distance in relation to 
(A) South Pole      
(B) North Pole       
(C) Equator
(D) Axis of the Earth

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2010

84.  Tsunamis are generated by
(A) Under-sea plate movements
(B) Undersea volcanism       
(C) Tidal change     
(D) None of the above

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2008

168. The tsunami which devastated some of the coastal areas of India in December,2004 originated from
(A) Subduction of Indian plate under the Myanmar plate
(B) Subduction of Myanmar plate under the Indian plate
(C) Subsidence and trench formation near Andaman Nicobar islands
(D) Subduction of Myanmar plate under the Pacific plate near Hawaii
180. Lignite is a type of 
(40% coal)
(A) Iron ore
(B) Copper
(C) Coal
(D) Limestone

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2007

184. When a body is raised upwards from the surface of the earth, its weight shall
(A) Increase
(B) remain same
(C) Decrease
(D) fluctuate

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2005

106. The Deccan Lava region was formed during
(a) Cretsteous period
(b) Jurassic period
(c) Triassic period
(d) Cambrian period
161. Titan is
(a) Saturn’s largest moon
(b) a luxury passenger liner
(c) an ancient city
(d) metallic element


WBCS Preliminary Question – 2004

115. The height of the peak of the world is
(A) 8,848m
(B) 8,567m
(C) 8,150m
(D) 7,990m

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2003

141. In the areal extent India’s place among the countries of the world is
(A) Second
(B) Fourth
(C) Fifth
(D) Seventh
173. Weight of a man is more
(A) On the equator
(B) At poles
(C) At the centre of the earth
(D) In space
193. The lowermost layer of the atmosphere is
(A) Troposphere
(B) Stratosphere
(C) Ionosphere
(D) None of the above

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2002

180. Which one of the following is an estuarine delta?
(A) Rhine delta
(B) Mississippi delta
(C) Ganga delta
(D) Volga delta
140. What is the most widely cultivated fruit in world?
(A) Banana
(B) Apple
(C) Guava
(D) Grapes

WBCS Preliminary Question – 2001

44. Around the solstices twilight lasts from sunset to sunrise in
(A) equatorial regions
(B) tropical regions
(C) high latitudes
(D) mid latitudes
87. There is no local time at
(A) London
(B) North and South Poles
(C) International Date Line
(D) Magnetic Poles of Earth
168. What term is given to sandy deserts with their characteristic sand dune landscape?
(A) Reg
(B) Erg
(C) Hamada
(D) Bad land
170. The Earth’s magnetic field
(A) never changes
(B) has reversed itself many times
(C) is centred exactly at the Earth’s centre
(D) originates in a permanently magnetized iron core



WBCS Preliminary Question – 2000

97. Period of revolution is exactly 12 years for
(A) Mars (687 days)
(B) Jupiter
(C) Saturn (29.5)
(D) Uranus (84)
99. Lines Joining places with the same total transport cost are called
(Weber theory)
(A) Isotims
(B) Isodapane 
(C) Isochrones
(D) Isopheths
39. Most fossils are found in
(A) Granite
(B) Sedimentary rocks
(C) Black soil
(D) Lave flow
116. Laterite soils are formed due to
(A) Removal of silicates, lime and organic matter
(B) Decaying of organic matter
(C) Disintegration of lava
(D) Exfoliation
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