Rise of Magadha

magadha ajatashatru bimbisara nanda dynasty mahapadma nanda

Haryanka Dynasty (544 – 413 BC)

Bimbisara (547 – 495 BC)

  • Bimbisara was contemporary of both Buddha & Mahavira
  • He also known as Seniya or Shrenika in the Jain histories.
  • Bimbisara set up his capital at Rajgir (Known as Girivraja).
  • Jivaka was his physician
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Ajatashatru

  • Ajatashatru also known as Kunika
  • He killed his father and succeeded to the throne.
  • Ajatashatru fought with Kosala and Vaishali (Lichhavis – destroyed it in 16 years) and won both war.
  • He embraced Buddhism and led the foundation for 1st Budhhist council at Rajgir.
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Udayin

  • Udayin was the succesor of Ajatashatru
  • He founded new capital at Pataliputra.

magadha ajatashatru bimbisara nanda dynasty mahapadma nanda

Nagadasaka

  • The people deposed him and made Shishunaga king in his place

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magadha ajatashatru bimbisara nanda dynasty mahapadma nanda

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Shishunaga Dynasty (413 – 345 BC)

Shishunagas

  • Shishunagas temporary shifted the capital to Vaishali.
  • He defeated Avanti and bought end to 100 year old rivalry
  • Shishunagas again transferred the capital from Vaishali to Patliputra
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Kalasoka

  • Kalasoka was succesor of Shishunaga
magadha ajatashatru bimbisara nanda dynasty mahapadma nanda

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Nanda Dynasty (345 – 321 BC)

Mahapadma Nanda

  • Mahapadma nanda was known as Ekarat (sole king who destroy others).
  • He conquered Kalinga and bought image of Jina as trophy.
  • Hathigumpha inscription of kharavela King (Kalinga) refers to conquest of Kalinga by Nandas.
  • May be a part of Deccan was under his rule.
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Dhana Nanda

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Cause of Magadha’s Success

  • Advantageous geographical position & rich iron ores of Rajgir
  • Capital was in Rajgir, surrounded by 5 hills.
  • Patliputra (Surrounded by Ganga, Gandhak, Son & Ghagra river  True Jaladurga)
  • 1st used elephants in war against enemies.

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