March 10, 2019 Sena Dynasty & Late Classical Bengal By Sutirtha Datta Medieval India 0 Comments Contents Sena Dynasty (1097-1230)HemantasenaVijaya Sena (1097-1160)Ballala Sena (1160-78)Lakshmana Sena (1179 – 1206)Later Rulers (1206-30)Deva Kingdom Sena Dynasty (1097-1230) Sena dynasty ruled from Bengal through the 11th and 12th centuries. The empire at its peak covered much of the north-eastern region of the Indian subcontinent. The rulers of the Sena Dynasty traced their origin to the south Indian region of Karnataka. Nabadwip was the capital of Sena dynasty. Sena rulers were brahmin by caste and kshatriya by profession. They consolidated the caste system in Bengal. Hindu deity Vishnu Samantasena Samantasena was employed in high offices under the Palas. Hemantasena Hemantasena held the position of a feudatory chief in the Pala empire. He is also described as rajaraksasudaksah (protector of king) in Barrackpur plate of Vijayasena. Vijaya Sena (1097-1160) Vijaya Sena was a subordinate ruler in Rarh under the Palas. Middle of 12th century, he defeated Palas and founded the independent rule of Senas dynasty. He conquered Kamarupa and Kalinga. Vijaya Sena has two capital, Vijayapuri in West Bengal and Vikramapura in Bangladesh. His Barrackpur copper plate was issued from Vikramapura. Vijaya Sena had a very long reign of about 62 years. He assumed the imperial titles’ of Paramamaheshvara, Paramabhattaraka, Maharajadhiraja. Vijaya-prashasti was written by the famous poet Sriharsa. Ballala Sena (1160-78) Ballala Sena ended the Pala Empire by defeating Govindapala. He conquered Magadha and Mithila. Ballala Sena married Ramadevi a princess of Western Chalukya Empire. Two epigraphs of the time of Vallalasena, Naihati copper plate, and the Sanokhar Image Inscription. Ballala Sena introduced the practice of Kulinism in Bengal. He wrote the Danasagara in 1168 and started writing the Adbhutasagara in 1169 but could not complete it. Vallalachairta was composed by Anandabhatta in 1510. Lakshmana Sena (1179 – 1206) Lakshmana Sena assumes the title of Gaudeshvara. He completed the Adbhuta Sagara, an incomplete book of his father. Lakshmana Sena was devout to Vaishnava. His court was an assembly of several renowned poets Jayadeva, the author of Gitagovinda Dhoyi, the composer of Pavanduta Govardhana the author of Arya-saptasati Shridharadasa, compiled the Saduktikarnamrta, an anthology of the Sanskrit verses during his reign. His Chief Minister and Chief Judge were Halayudha Mishra, who wrote the Brahmanasarvasva. Umapatidhara, the author of the Deopara Prashasti Minhaj-us-Siraj, the author of the Tabaqat-i-Nasiri, designated him as a ‘great Rae’ of Bengal and compared him with Sultan Qutbuddin. In 1203, Bakhtiyar Khalji attacked Nabadwip and defeated Lakshman Sen. He captured northwest Bengal and eastern Bengal remained under Sena control. Later Rulers (1206-30) Vishvarupa Sena and Keshava Sena were the last two rulers of the Sena dynasty. Deva Kingdom The Deva Kingdom was a Hindu dynasty of medieval Bengal Deva Kingdom ruled over eastern Bengal after the collapse Sena Empire. Their capital was Vikrampur in present-day Munshiganj District, Bangladesh. Madhava Dasharatha-Deva extended his kingdom to cover much of East Bengal.