Skip to content
Sultanate of Bengal
Ilyas Shahi Dynasty (1342–1415)
- The first independent Turkic Muslim ruling dynasty in Bengal
- Ruled from the 14th century to the 15th century.
- It was founded in 1342 by Shamsuddin Iliyas Shah.
- Their capital was in Pandua, Hoogly
Shamsuddin Iliyas Shah (1342–58)
- Shamsuddin Iliyas Shah is the founder of the Ilyas Shahi dynasty
- He defeated the rulers of Delhi, Sonargaon, Satgaon, Nepal, Orissa and Assam.
- He was contemporary of Delhi Sultan firuz shah tughlaq.
Sikandar Shah (1358–90)
- Sikandar Shah also known as Alexander Shah
- He was the son of Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah
- Sikandar Shah defeated Firuz Shah Tughlaq in 1359.
- He constructed Adina Mosque, Pandua.
Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah (1390–1411)
- Ghiyasuddin Azam Shah established diplomatic relations with the Ming Empire of China
- Krittibas Ojha, also translated the Ramayana in Bengali during his reign.
- Ma Huan, a Chinese traveler visited Bengal.
- Port of Chittagaong was an important trading centre
Ganesha Dynasty (1414 -35)
- The Ganesha dynasty began with Raja Ganesha in 1414
- Their capital was Gaur
Jalaluddin Muhammad Shah
- Son of Raja Ganesha.
- He was converted to Islam.
- During his reign Firuzabad Pandua became a populous city.
Ilyas Shahi Dynasty (1435–1487)
- After Ganesha dynasty Ilyas Shahi Dynasty came in to the power again.
Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah
- Maladhar Basu, compiler of Sri-Krishna Vijaya, was granted the title of Gunaraja Khan.
Hussain Shahi Dynasty (1494–1538)
Alauddin Husain Shah (1494–1519)
- Alauddin Husain Shah is the founder of Hussain Shahi dynasty.
- He had served as wazir under Iliyas Shahi dynasty.
- He was defeated by Bahlol Lodi.
- Bijay Gupta wrote his Manasamangal Kavya also during his reign.
- Kavindra Parameshwar, court poet of Paragal Khan, composed the first Bangla Mahabharata in 1515.
- Alauddin Husain Shah was contemporary of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
- He is also known as Akbar of Bengal.
Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah (1533–38)
- Ghiyasuddin Mahmud Shah was the last Sultan of the Hussain Shahi dynasty of Bengal.
- Permitted Portuguese to establish factories at Chittagong and Hughli.
- Ghiyasuddin and his Portuguese allies were defeated by Sher Shah Suri in 1538