Timeline of Indian History – Modern India

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

1707 to 1749


Battle of Jajau, accession of Bahadur Shah I


Death of Guru Gobind Singh


Death of Bahadur Shah I, accession of Jahandar Shah


Accession of  Farukh Siyar, murder of Jahandar Shah


Hussain Ali becomes viceroy of the Deccan

Treaty between Hussain Ali and the Marathas


Execution of Banda Bahadur

Surman Embassy to the Imperial Court


Emperor Farukh Siyar’s farman to East India Co.

Appointment of Murshid Quli Khan as governor of Bengal timeline of indian history


Farukh Siyar put to death

Accession and deposition of puppet emperors

Accession of Muhammad Shah


Fall of the Sayyid brothers


Appointment of Saadat Khan as governor of Awadh

Virtual independence of the Nizam in the Deccan,

Appointment of Qamaruddinas wazir


Nadir Shah took Delhi and sacked it

Death of Shuja-ud-din, Sarfaraz, as governor of Bengal

Capture of Bassein and Salsette by the Marathas


Alivardi Khan became Nawab of Bengal


Marathas invaded Bengal

Dupleix as governor of Pondicherry


1st Carnatic war (Anglo-French)


War Rohillas in occupation of Rohilkhand


Capture of Madras by La Bourdonnais


Invasion by Ahmad Shah Abdali


Death of Nizam Chinquilich Khan

Death of Muhammad Shah, accession of Ahmad Shah


Restoration of Madras to the English


2nd Carnatic War timeline of indian history

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

timeline of modern indian history british rule pdf chronology


timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

1750 to 1799


Defeat and death of Nizam Nasir Jang, Muzaffar Jung became Nizam timeline of indian history


Capture and defence of Arcot by Robert Clive

Death of Muzaffar Jang, accession of Salabat Jang as Nizam

Conclusion of treaty by Nawab Alivardi Khan with the Marathas by surrendering Cuttack timeline of indian history


Recall of Dupleix, Godehu’s as governor and his treaty with the English.

Accession of Alamgir Il

21 April 1756

20 June 1756

Death of Alivardi Khan, accession of Siraj-ud-daula

Capture of Calcutta by Siraj-ud-daula

2 Jan 1757

Jan 1757

9 Feb 1757


23 June 1757


2 July 1757

Recovery of Calcutta by the English

Delhi and Mathura sacked by Ahmad Shah Abdali

Treaty of Alinagar between Siraj and the English

Capture of Chandannagar by the English

Battle of Plassey

Mir Jafar installed as Nawab

Capture and execution of Siraj-ud-daula


3rd Carnatic War timeline of indian history


Arrival of Lally in India

Occupation of the Panjab by the Marathas

Masulipatnam captured by British Colonel Forde


Battle of Bedara at Chinsurah between British & Dutch

Prince Ali Gauhar’s futile invasion of Bihar

Emperor Alamgir Il murdered by Ghazi-ud-din

22 Jan 1760

Battle of Wandiwash timeline of indian history


Battle of Udgir between the Marathas and the Nizam

Installation of Mir Qasim as Nawab of Bengal

Vansittart appointed governor in Bengal


14 Jan 1761





3rd battle of Panipat

Surrender of Pondicherry to the English

Accession of Ali Gauhar as Emperor Shah Alam Il

Appointment of Shujauddaula as wazir

Haider Ali king of Mysore


Mir Qasim driven out of Bengal and Bihar

21 Oct 1764

Battle of Buxar timeline of indian history



12 Aug 1765


Death of Mir Jafar

2nd governorship of Clive in Bengal

Treaty of Allahabad – Shah Alam II & Company

Grant of the diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa


Acquisition by the Company of the Northern Circars


1st Mysore War timeline of indian historytimeline of indian history


Departure of Clive, Verelest as governor in Bengal


The Great Bengal Famine


Death of Peshwa Madhava Rao

Accession and murder of Peshwa Narayan Rao


Enactment of the Regulating Act

Warren Hastings appointed governor of Bengal

Peshwaship of Raghunath Rao or Raghoba


Accession of Narayan Rao as peshwa

Rohilla War timeline of indian history

Establishment of Supreme Court in Calcutta


Trial and execution of Nanda Kumar


1st Anglo – Maratha War


Treaty of Purandhar between Peshwa and British


Convention of Wadgaon between Maratha and British


Gwalior captured by General Popham


2nd Anglo – Mysore War timeline of indian history



Deposition of Chait Singh – Ruler of Benares

Amendment of the Regulating Act


Affair of the Begums of Oudh

Treaty of Salbai timeline of indian history

Death of Haider Ali


Fox’s India Bill – abolition of the Court of Directors and the Court of Proprietors


Treaty of Mangalore closed the 2nd Mysore War

Pitt’s India Act timeline of indian history


Lord Cornwallis appointed governor general


3rd Anglo – Mysore War

Treaty of Seringapatnam


Ranjit Singh became the leader of a Sikh misl


Permanent Settlement of land revenue in Bengal

Charter Act of 1793

Sir John Shore—governor general


Death of Mahadji Sindhia – ruler of Gwalior


Battle of Kharda between Nizam and Maratha

Death of Ahalya Bai


Death of Peshwa Madhav Rao Narayan

Baji Rao Il became the last Peshwa


Zaman Shah in the Punjab

Death of Nawab Asaf-ud-daula of Awadh


Lord Wellesley governor general

Acceptance of Subsidiary Alliance by the Nizam


4th Anglo – Mysore War timeline of indian history


Death of Tipu and fall of Seringapatnam

Partition of Mysore and installation of the Hindu Raja’s family in Mysore

Ranjit Singh appointed governor of Lahore by Zaman Shah

Malcolm led English mission to Persia

Baptist Mission established at Serampore by William Carey

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

timeline of modern indian history


timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

1800 to 1825


Death of Nana Fadnavis


Carnatic annexed to the British empire


Battle of Poona between rival Maratha clans

Treaty of Bassein between British and Baji Rao II


2nd Anglo – Maratha War


Recall of Lord Wellesley

2nd term of Lord Cornwallis as governor general

George Barlow as governor general


Vellore Mutiny timeline of indian history


Lord Minto I became governor general


British missions under Malcolm to Persia

British mission to Kabul under Elphinstone


Treaty of Amritsar between the English and Ranjit Singh


Charter Act – end of companies monopoly over trade

Lord Hastings as governor general


War with Nepal

Treaty of Sagauli – established the boundary line of Nepal


Pindari war timeline of indian history

3rd Anglo – Maratha War

Abolition of Peshwaship

1st cotton mill in India, Fort Gloster, Howrah


Protective alliances with the states of Rajputana


Thomas Munro as governor of Madras


Lord Amherst governor general


Barrackpore Mutiny


1st Burmese War

Treaty of Yandabo

Annexation of Assam, Arakan and Tennasserim


1826 to 1849


Fall of Bharatpur


Lord William Bentinck as governor general


Akbar II, Mughal Emperor of Delhi

Bengal Sati Regulation Act, 1829


Suppression of Thuggee by Sleeman


Annexation of Cachar

Raja Ramohan Roy visited England

Mysore rebellion

Thuggee and Dacoity Department


Assumption of Mysore administration by the English

Journey of Alexander Burnes up the Indus

Meeting at Rupar – Ranjit Singh and William Bentinck

Death of Henry Louis Vivian Derozio


Annexation of Jaintia


Charter Act 1833

East India Company monopoly on China trade ends

Tea Committee to assess the potential of Assam tea


Annexation of Coorg

Institution of law member in Supreme Council with Lord Macaulay as the first incumbent


2 Feb 1835


20 Mar


24 Mar


Foundation of Calcutta Medical College

English Education Act 1835 – Macaulay’s Minute

English replace Persian – official language of India 

Charles Metcalfe as governor general

  • Abolition of Press restrictions

Assam Rifles, was founded in India

Lease of the Darjeeling by British from the Kingdom of Sikkim


Lord Auckland as governor general


Famine in North India


Tripartite treaty – English with Shah Shuja and Ranjit Singh


New treaty forced on the Amirs of Sind

Death of Ranjit Singh

Cyclone hits port city of Coringa Andhra Pradesh, 300,000 people die


1st Afghan War

1st Opium War in China



1st tea gardens in at Chittagong


Lord Ellenborough became governor general

Oriental Bank Corporation established in Bombay


War with the Amirs of Sind

Annexation of Sind,

Battle of Maharajpur between British and Maratha forces in Gwalior

Suppression of slavery


Lord Hardinge became governor general


1st Sikh War

Treaty of Lahore


Kashmir is ceded to the British East India Company

The Koh-i-Noor diamond is surrendered to Queen Victoria


Lord Dalhousie became governor general

Revolt of Mulraj in Punjab

Doctrine of Lapse policy started by British

Annexation of Satara


2nd Sikh War

Annexation of the Punjab


Bethune School for girls started in Calcutta

Annexation of Jaitpur and Sambalpur

Great Indian Peninsula Railway was incorporated

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

british rule in india timeline


timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

1850 to 1857


Nov 1850

Penal annexation of a part of Sikkim

1st experimental electric telegraph line Calcutta and Diamond Harbour


1st freight train is operated in Roorkee


2nd Burmese War and annexation of Pegu

Death of ex-Peshwa Baji Rao II and stoppage of his pension

16 April 1853






1st Passenger train in India – Bombay to Thane, 35 km

Laying of Telegraph line from Calcutta to Agra

Annexation of Nagpur & Jhansi

Cession of Berar by the Nizam

Charter Act 1853

Entrance into I.C.S. through open-to-competition

7 July 1854 …………………………..



15 Aug 1854

2nd cotton mill – Bombay Spinning and Weaving Company by Cowasjee Nanabhoy Davar

Education Dispatch of Charles Wood – Wood’s despatch

1st all India stamp issued Calcutta Survey

1st passenger train Eastern – Howrah to Hooghly


British annexed Thanjavur Maratha kingdom


Santhal rebellion






26 July 1856






Annexation of Oudh

Measured height of ‘Peak XV’ – Mount Everest

The Indian Universities Act

Religious Disabilities Act

Lord Canning as Governor General

Hindu Widow’s Remarriage Act

End of Crimean War

General Service Order

Persian War

2nd Opium War (1856-60)

Introduction of the Enfield rifle


Foundation of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras Universities

1857 – 58

29 Mar 1857

10 May

11 May

20 Sept 1857

Jan-Mar 1858

June 1858

July 1858

Sepoy Mutiny

Revolt of Mangal Pandey at Barrackpore

Revolt began at Meerut

Revolt began in Delhi

British forces recapture Delhi

Trial of Emperor Bahadur Shah

The last rebels surrender in Gwalior

Proclamation of peace by Lord Canning



1858 to 1875

2 Aug 1858

1 Nov 1858



Government of India Act 1858

Darbar was held at Allahabad

Queen’s Proclamation – assumed the govt. of India

Lord Canning appointed as 1st Viceroy


Withdrawal of Doctrine of Lapse

Execution of Tatya Tope


Indigo revolt in Bengal


Enactment of Indian Penal Code


Indian Councils Act

High Courts Act

Civil Service Act

Famine in N.W. India

Enactment of the Code of Criminal Procedure

Delhi Department of Police is founded


2 July 1862


Lord Elgin I as Governor-General 

Establishment of Calcutta High Courts

Supreme & Sadar Courts merged into high courts


1st to join Indian Civil Service – Satyendranath Tagore


John Lawrence as Governor-General

Shimla was declared as the summer capital

Bhutan War

Indian Forest service was set up


Orissa famine

Opening of telegraphic communication with Europe

Indian Forest Acts – British claims over forests in India


Fiscal year April–March


Opening of railway from Ambala to Delhi

Bank of Bombay established

Tata Group is founded by Jamsetji Tata


2 Oct 1869

Lord Mayo became Viceroy

Birth of Gandhiji


Infanticide is banned in India

1st submarine telegraph cable from UK to Bombay


Criminal Tribes Act – hereditary criminals


Murder of Lord Mayo by Sher Ali Afridi in A&N Islands

Lord Northbrook appointed viceroy


Famine in Bihar


Agra Canal opens


31 Oct 1975


Deposition of Malhar Rao Gaekwad

Birth of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Visit of Edward, Prince of Wales



1876 to 1899


Lord Lytton I became viceroy

Royal Titles Act

Occupation of Quetta

Outbreak of famine in the Deccan

1 Jan 1877


2nd Delhi Durbar

Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India

1878  – 80

2nd Afghan War


Vernacular Press Act


Lord Ripon as viceroy


Rendition of Mysore

1st Factory Act

1st General Census


Repeal of Vernacular Press Act

Hunter Education Commission


Beginning of local self-government in India

Ilbert Bill – allow Indian judges to try Europeans


Lord Dufferin as viceroy


25 Dec 1885


3rd Burmese War

1st meeting of the Indian National Congress

Bengal Local Self-Government Act


Annexation of Upper Burma

Restoration of Gwalior fort


Lord Lansdowne became viceroy

1st ever temple for the untouchables in Aruvippuram, Kerala


2nd Factory Act

Age of Consent Act

Anglo-Manipur War


Indian Councils Act


Durand Line – Boundary between British India and Afghanistan

Vivekanada in U.S.A. – World’s Parliament of Religions


Lord Elgin Il as Viceroy

Punjab National Bank was founded by Lala Lajpat Rai


Plague epidemic in Bombay 

No-tax campaign in Maharashtra by Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Famine started in Bundelkhand


Famine Commission

Battle of Saragarhi

Formation of Indian Education Service


Frontier War – Tirah campaign – between British and Afghan


1st volume of the Linguistic Survey of India is published in Calcutta


Lord Curzon became Viceroy

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

timeline of modern indian history british rule pdf chronology


timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

1900 to 1910


Land Alienation Act

India’s first participation in the summer Olympics


Death of Queen Victoria and accession of King Edward VIl

North West Frontier Province created


United Provinces of Agra and Oudh is established

1903 – 04

Tibetan expedition – Younghusband mission


Ancient Monuments Preservation Act

Indian Universities Act

Co-operative Society Act

19 July 1905



16 Oct 1905





Partition of Bengal announced

  • Viceroy – Lord Curzon
  • Home Secretary – Herbert Hope Risley
  • Governor of Western Bengal – Andrew Fraser

Partition took place

Lord Mito II became Viceroy

Morely – Secretary of State for India

Swadeshi and boycott movement

Indian Railway Board founded


30 Dec 1906


Officially adaptation of Indian Standard Time

Foundation of the Muslim League

INC President Dadabhai Naoroji declared ‘Swaraj’ 


26 Dec 1907




Anglo-Russian Convention

Surat split

Newspapers Act

Tata steel started manufacturing

Ani Besent – president of Thiosafical society

12 Mar 1908

May 1908

29 April

Tinnevely riot 

Trial of Alipore bomb case (1908-09)

Muzaffarpur Conspiracy – Khudiran & P. Chaki


Nasik conspiracy

Indian Councils Act (Morley-Minto Reforms)

1st Indian to Viceroy’s Executive Council – S.P Sinha



Lord Hardinge as Viceroy

Sri Aurobindo began his spiritual pursuits



1911 to 1919

Feb 1911

11 Dec 1911

12 Dec 

12 Dec

12 Dec

27 Dec 1911

1st official air mail flight – Allahabad to Naini 

Coronation of George V in New Delhi

Delhi Durbar

Partition of Bengal nullified

Transfer of capital to Delhi announced

Jana Gana Mana – free India’s National Anthem

22 Mar 1912

23 Dec 1912


State of Bihar and Orissa formed out of Bengal

Bomb at Hardinge – Delhi conspiracy case

Introduced registration of motor vehicles

15 July 1913



Ghadar Party founded in Astoria, Oregon

Nobel Prize for Rabindranath Tagore

Raja Harishchandra – 1st full-length Indian film

4 April 1914

28 July 1914

26 sept


Komagata Maru incident – 4 April to 27 Sept

1st World War, Declaration of War

Landing of Indian troops in France

McMahon Line – Simla Accord

9 Jan 1915

Feb 1915

19 Mar 1915

Gandhiji returns to India from South Africa

Ghadar Mutiny

Defence of India Act



April 1916

Sept 1916

Sept 1916

Dec 1916

Lord Chelmsford as Viceroy

Sadler University Commission

Home Rule League – Tilak – Belgaum

Home Rule League – Annie Besant – Madras

Foundation of the Women’s University at Poona

Lucknow Pact – Congress & Muslim League


April 1917

20 Aug 1917

INC demands self-government for India

Champaran Satyagraha

August Declaration, in the British House of Commons





11 Nov 1918

Indians declared eligible for King’s Commission

Indian National Liberal Federation

Publication of Montague Chelmsford Report

Kheda Satyagraha – 1st Non-Cooperation

End of first world war

10 Mar 1919

6 April

9 April

13 April 1919

14 Oct

23 Dec 1919

Rowlatt Act or Black Act

Rowlatt Satyagraha 

Saifuddin Kitchlew & Dr. Satyapal arrested

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in Amritsar, Punjab

Hunter Commission

Government of India Act, 1919



1920 to 1929

July 1920


1 Aug 1920

31 Aug 1920


House of Commons adopts Hunter report

The Khilafat Movenwnt

Death of Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Non-cooperation Movement – Nagpur session

Lord Sinha – Governor of Bihar and Orissa


July 1921



23 Dec

Permanent Advisory Council of Princes 

Moplah or Malabar rebellion

Visit of Edward, Prince of Wales

Lord Reading became viceroy

Rabindranath founded Visva-Bharati

4 Feb 1922

10 Mar 1922

11 Mar


Chauri Chaura incident

Withdrawal of Non-cooperation Movement

Gandhiji is arrested in Bombay for sedition

Peshawar Conspiracy

9 Jan 1923



Foundation of Swaraj Party

Certification of Salt Tax

Decision to Indianise regiments of Indian army

9 Sept 1924

4 Dec 1924


Kohat riots

Gateway of India in Bombay

Vaikom Satyagraha in Kereral

Feb 1925



9 Aug 1925




1st electric train in Bombay

Pink’s War in North West Frontier

Death of C R Das

Kakori conspiracy – HRA

Formation of the Inter-University Board

Lord Lytton II became viceroy

Dyarchy suspended in Bengal


Lord Irwin as Viceroy

Devaluation of the rupee

Nov 1927

Appointment of Simon Commission

3 Feb 1928

May 1928

10 Aug

30 Oct

17 Nov 1928


Simon Commission reached in Bombay – Hartal

Hockey Gold Medal – Amsterdam Olympics

Nehru Report – Lucknow conference of all parties

Simon Commission in Lahore

Lala Lajpat Rai died in a protest

Board of Control for Cricket in India is formed

Aug 1929

31 Oct 1929

19 Dec 

31 Dec 1929

Meerut Conspiracy Case – (1929-33)

Deepavali Declaration – Irwin

Lahore Session and ‘Poone Swaraj‘ Resolution

Indian flag hoisted by Nehru – Ravi river



1930 to 1940

26 Jan 1930

12 Mar 1930

5 April

18 April 1930

23 April

30 April

May 1930


Oct 1930

8 Dec 1930

INC declares day for Poorna Swaraj

Dandi / Salt March started

Civil Disobedience Movement started at Dandi

Chittagong armory raid by ‎Surya Sen

Qissa Khwani Bazaar massacre

Vedaranyam Salt satyagraha in South India

Report of Simon Commission

Rebellion in Burma

1st Round Table Conference

Battle of Writers’ Building

5 Mar 1931

23 Mar 1931

7 Sept



Irwin – Gandhi Pact

Bhagat Singh, Rajguru & Sukhdev were hanged

2nd Round Table Conference

Lord Wellingdon as Viceroy

Chakra was adopted on centre of the flag by INC

May 1932

16 Aug

20 Sept 1932

23 Sept

24 Sept


Riots between Hindus and Muslims in Bombay

Communal Award – Ramsay MacDonald

Gandhiji begins a hunger strike in Poona prison

Pahartali European Club attack – P. Waddedar

Poona Pact – B. R. Ambedkar and Gandhi

Foundation of Indian Military Academy

28 Jan 1933



Pakistan Declaration published

Joint Select Committee on Indian Constitution

Gandhi transfers charge of Congress to Nehru

7 April 1934

July 1934



Civil Disobedience Movement called off

Communist Party of India is declared unlawful

Factories Act

Royal Indian Navy created

1 April 1935

2 Aug 1935

Reserve Bank of India is founded

Government of India Act


Lord Linlithgow became Viceroy

Temple Entry Proclamation

Feb 1937

1 April 1937





Final results of the elections were declared

Provincial autonomy begins

Formation of Congress Ministries in 6 provinces

Burma and Aden are separated from India

New Viceroy’s speech is boycotted by Congress

Federal court started

29 April 1939

1 Sept 1939

17 Oct


Nov 1939

22 Dec 1939

S. C. Bose resigns as president of Congress

2nd World War (1939-45)

Congress demand a definition of war aims

Viceroy announced – Dominion Status after war

Resignation by Provincial Congress Ministries

Day of Deliverance by Muslim League

24 Mar 1940

8 Aug 1940

Pakistan Resolution – Fazlul Haq – Muslim League

August Offer by Linlithgow’s



1941 to 1947

16 Jan 1941

Great escape – Netaji went over land to Germany

8 Mar 1942

22 Mar 1942

8 Aug 1942

9 Aug

Aug 1942

Aug 1942


Japanese army enters Rangoon

Cripps Mission

Quit India resolution – Bombay session of AICC

Indian leaders & Gandhi was arrested

Ballia parallel govt. in UP – Chittu Pandey

Indian National Army formed – Mohan Singh

Jatiya Sarkar in Tamluk, WB (1942-44)


23 Mar 1943


25 Aug


21 Oct

5 Dec

30 Dec 1943


Bengal famine

Pakistan day observed

Wavell became governor general

Netaji became supreme of INA

Prati Sarkar at Satara, MH (1943-45, longest)

Netaji formed Govt. of Free India in Singapore

Japanese attack the Port of Kolkata

Netaji sets up Indian govt. at Port Blair.

Netaji hoisted Tricolor flag at Port Blair.

8 Mar 1944

Mar 1944

14 April 1944

Battle of Imphal – British vs. Japan & INA

Rajagopalchari Formula

INA hoisted Tricolour flag at Moirang.

12 Jan 1945

25 June 1945

15 Aug

2 Sept

Nov 1945

Dec 1945


Desai liaquat pact

Simla Conference – Wavell Plan

Japan surrendered

End of World War II

INA trials began at the Red Fort

General elections in India

Congress largest party 59 seats of the 102

Jan 1946

18 Feb 1946

23 Mar

2 April

16 Aug 1946

20 Aug

2 Sept 1946

26 Oct

9 Dec 1946

Royal Air Force Mutiny

Royal Indian Navy Mutiny

Cabinet Mission in India

Cabinet Mission in Delhi

Direct Action Day by Muslim League

Communal riots in Dhaka

Formation of the Interim Govt.

Muslim League joined the Interim Govt.

1st session of the Constituent Assembly

20 Feb 1947

21 Feb

15 Mac

17 May

3 June 1947

18 July

Atlee announced freedom of India 

Mountbatten became governor-general

Communal riots in the Panjab

Tripura is officially ceded to India

Mountbatten Plan – Partition of India 

Royal assent on Independence of India Act

15 Aug 1947

India obtains Independence from the British

Jawaharlal Nehru becomes 1st Indian Prime Minister

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

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