Timeline of Indian History – Modern India

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

1707 to 1749

1707

Battle of Jajau, accession of Bahadur Shah I

1708

Death of Guru Gobind Singh

1712

Death of Bahadur Shah I, accession of Jahandar Shah

1713

Accession of  Farukh Siyar, murder of Jahandar Shah

1714

Hussain Ali becomes viceroy of the Deccan

Treaty between Hussain Ali and the Marathas

1716

Execution of Banda Bahadur

Surman Embassy to the Imperial Court

1717

Emperor Farukh Siyar’s farman to East India Co.

Appointment of Murshid Quli Khan as governor of Bengal timeline of indian history

1719

Farukh Siyar put to death

Accession and deposition of puppet emperors

Accession of Muhammad Shah

1720

Fall of the Sayyid brothers

1724

Appointment of Saadat Khan as governor of Awadh

Virtual independence of the Nizam in the Deccan,

Appointment of Qamaruddinas wazir

1739

Nadir Shah took Delhi and sacked it

Death of Shuja-ud-din, Sarfaraz, as governor of Bengal

Capture of Bassein and Salsette by the Marathas

1740

Alivardi Khan became Nawab of Bengal

1742

Marathas invaded Bengal

Dupleix as governor of Pondicherry

1744-48

1st Carnatic war (Anglo-French)

1745

War Rohillas in occupation of Rohilkhand

1746

Capture of Madras by La Bourdonnais

1747

Invasion by Ahmad Shah Abdali

1748

Death of Nizam Chinquilich Khan

Death of Muhammad Shah, accession of Ahmad Shah

1749

Restoration of Madras to the English

1949-54

2nd Carnatic War timeline of indian history

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

timeline of modern indian history british rule pdf chronology

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

1750 to 1799

1750

Defeat and death of Nizam Nasir Jang, Muzaffar Jung became Nizam timeline of indian history

1751

Capture and defence of Arcot by Robert Clive

Death of Muzaffar Jang, accession of Salabat Jang as Nizam

Conclusion of treaty by Nawab Alivardi Khan with the Marathas by surrendering Cuttack timeline of indian history

1754

Recall of Dupleix, Godehu’s as governor and his treaty with the English.

Accession of Alamgir Il

21 April 1756

20 June 1756

Death of Alivardi Khan, accession of Siraj-ud-daula

Capture of Calcutta by Siraj-ud-daula

2 Jan 1757

Jan 1757

9 Feb 1757

 

23 June 1757

 

2 July 1757

Recovery of Calcutta by the English

Delhi and Mathura sacked by Ahmad Shah Abdali

Treaty of Alinagar between Siraj and the English

Capture of Chandannagar by the English

Battle of Plassey

Mir Jafar installed as Nawab

Capture and execution of Siraj-ud-daula

1748-63

3rd Carnatic War timeline of indian history

1758

Arrival of Lally in India

Occupation of the Panjab by the Marathas

Masulipatnam captured by British Colonel Forde

1759

Battle of Bedara at Chinsurah between British & Dutch

Prince Ali Gauhar’s futile invasion of Bihar

Emperor Alamgir Il murdered by Ghazi-ud-din

22 Jan 1760

Battle of Wandiwash timeline of indian history

1760

Battle of Udgir between the Marathas and the Nizam

Installation of Mir Qasim as Nawab of Bengal

Vansittart appointed governor in Bengal

14 Jan 1761

 

 

 

 

3rd battle of Panipat

Surrender of Pondicherry to the English

Accession of Ali Gauhar as Emperor Shah Alam Il

Appointment of Shujauddaula as wazir

Haider Ali king of Mysore

1763

Mir Qasim driven out of Bengal and Bihar

21 Oct 1764

Battle of Buxar timeline of indian history

1765

 

12 Aug 1765

 

Death of Mir Jafar

2nd governorship of Clive in Bengal

Treaty of Allahabad – Shah Alam II & Company

Grant of the diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa

1766

Acquisition by the Company of the Northern Circars

1766-69

1st Mysore War timeline of indian historytimeline of indian history

1767

Departure of Clive, Verelest as governor in Bengal

1769

The Great Bengal Famine

1772

Death of Peshwa Madhava Rao

Accession and murder of Peshwa Narayan Rao

1773

Enactment of the Regulating Act

Warren Hastings appointed governor of Bengal

Peshwaship of Raghunath Rao or Raghoba

1774

Accession of Narayan Rao as peshwa

Rohilla War timeline of indian history

Establishment of Supreme Court in Calcutta

1775

Trial and execution of Nanda Kumar

1775-82

1st Anglo – Maratha War

1776

Treaty of Purandhar between Peshwa and British

1779

Convention of Wadgaon between Maratha and British

1780

Gwalior captured by General Popham

1780-84

2nd Anglo – Mysore War timeline of indian history

1781

Deposition of Chait Singh – Ruler of Benares

Amendment of the Regulating Act

1782

Affair of the Begums of Oudh

Treaty of Salbai timeline of indian history

Death of Haider Ali

1783

Fox’s India Bill – abolition of the Court of Directors and the Court of Proprietors

1784

Treaty of Mangalore closed the 2nd Mysore War

Pitt’s India Act timeline of indian history

1786

Lord Cornwallis appointed governor general

1790-92

3rd Anglo – Mysore War

Treaty of Seringapatnam

1792

Ranjit Singh became the leader of a Sikh misl

1793

Permanent Settlement of land revenue in Bengal

Charter Act of 1793

Sir John Shore—governor general

1794

Death of Mahadji Sindhia – ruler of Gwalior

1795

Battle of Kharda between Nizam and Maratha

Death of Ahalya Bai

1796

Death of Peshwa Madhav Rao Narayan

Baji Rao Il became the last Peshwa

1797

Zaman Shah in the Punjab

Death of Nawab Asaf-ud-daula of Awadh

1798

Lord Wellesley governor general

Acceptance of Subsidiary Alliance by the Nizam

1798-99

4th Anglo – Mysore War timeline of indian history

1799

Death of Tipu and fall of Seringapatnam

Partition of Mysore and installation of the Hindu Raja’s family in Mysore

Ranjit Singh appointed governor of Lahore by Zaman Shah

Malcolm led English mission to Persia

Baptist Mission established at Serampore by William Carey

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

timeline of modern indian history

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

1800 to 1849

1800

Death of Nana Fadnavis

1801

Carnatic annexed to the British empire

1802

Battle of Poona between rival Maratha clans

Treaty of Bassein between British and Baji Rao II

1803-05

2nd Anglo – Maratha War

1805

Recall of Lord Wellesley

2nd term of Lord Cornwallis as governor general

George Barlow as governor general

1806

Vellore Mutiny timeline of indian history

1807

Lord Minto I became governor general

1808

British missions under Malcolm to Persia

British mission to Kabul under Elphinstone

1809

Treaty of Amritsar between the English and Ranjit Singh

1813

Charter Act – end of companies monopoly over trade

Lord Hastings as governor general

1814-16

War with Nepal

Treaty of Sagauli – established the boundary line of Nepal

1817-18

Pindari war timeline of indian history

3rd Anglo – Maratha War

Abolition of Peshwaship

1819

Protective alliances with the states of Rajputana

1820

Thomas Munro as governor of Madras

1823

Lord Amherst governor general

1824

Barrackpore Mutiny

1824-26

1st Burmese War

Treaty of Yandabo

Annexation of Assam, Arakan and Tennasserim

1826

Fall of Bharatpur

1828

Lord William Bentinck as governor general

1829

Akbar II, Mughal Emperor of Delhi

Bengal Sati Regulation Act, 1829

1829-37

Suppression of Thuggee by Sleeman

1830

Annexation of Cachar

Raja Ramohan Roy visited England

Mysore rebellion

Thuggee and Dacoity Department

1831

Assumption of Mysore administration by the English

Journey of Alexander Burnes up the Indus

Meeting at Rupar – Ranjit Singh and William Bentinck

Death of Henry Louis Vivian Derozio

1832

Annexation of Jaintia

1833

Charter Act 1833

East India Company monopoly on China trade ends

Tea Committee to assess the potential of Assam tea

1834

Annexation of Coorg

Institution of law member in Supreme Council with Lord Macaulay as the first incumbent

1835

Foundation of Calcutta Medical College

English Education Act 1835 – Macaulay’s Minute

English becomes the official language of India replacing Persian

Charles Metcalfe as governor general

Abolition of Press restrictions

Lease of the Darjeeling by British from the Kingdom of Sikkim

Assam Rifles, is founded in India

1836

Lord Auckland as governor general

1837-38

Famine in North India

1838

Tripartite treaty – English with Shah Shuja and Ranjit Singh

1839

New treaty forced on the Amirs of Sind

Death of Ranjit Singh

Cyclone hits port city of Coringa Andhra Pradesh, 300,000 people die

1839-42

1st Afghan War

1st Opium War in China

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

1840

1st tea gardens in at Chittagong

1842

Lord Ellenborough became governor general

Oriental Bank Corporation established in Bombay

1843

War with the Amirs of Sind

Annexation of Sind,

Battle of Maharajpur between British and Maratha forces in Gwalior

Suppression of slavery

1844

Lord Hardinge became governor general

1845-46

1st Sikh War

Treaty of Lahore

1846

Kashmir is ceded to the British East India Company

The Koh-i-Noor diamond is surrendered to Queen Victoria

1848

Lord Dalhousie became governor general

Revolt of Mulraj in Punjab

Doctrine of Lapse policy started by British

Annexation of Satara

1848-49

2nd Sikh War

Annexation of the Punjab

1849

Bethune School for girls started in Calcutta

Annexation of Jaitpur and Sambalpur

Great Indian Peninsula Railway was incorporated

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

british rule in india timeline

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

1850 to 1899

1850

Penal annexation of a part of Sikkim

1851

1st experimental electric telegraph line between Calcutta and Diamond Harbour

1st freight train is operated in Roorkee

1852

2nd Burmese War and annexation of Pegu

Death of ex-Peshwa Baji Rao Il and stoppage of his pension

1853

1st passenger railway in India from Bombay to Thane, 35 km

Laying of telegraph line from Calcutta to Agra

Annexation of Nagpur and Jhansi

Cession of Berar by the Nizam

Charter Act 1853

Entrance into I.C.S. through open to competition

1854

1st cotton mill – Bombay Spinning and Weaving Company by Cowasjee Nanabhoy Davar

Education Dispatch of Charles Wood – Wood’s despatch

1st all India stamp issued Calcutta Survey

Train between Howrah and Hooghly on 15 Aug

1855

British annexed Thanjavur Maratha kingdom

1855-57

Santhal rebellion

1856

Annexation of Oudh

Great Trigonometrical Survey of India measured the height of ‘Peak XV’ (Mount Everest)

The Indian Universities Act

Religious Disabilities Act

Hindu Widow’s Remarriage Act

Lord Canning as Governor General

End of Crimean War

General Service Order

Persian War

2nd Opium War (1856-60)

Introduction of the Enfield rifle

1857

Foundation of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras Universities

1857 – 58

29 Mar 1857

10 May

11 May

20 Sept 1857

Jan-March 1858

June 1858

July 1858

Sepoy Mutiny

Revolt of Mangal Pandey at Barrackpore

Revolt began at Meerut

Revolt began in Delhi

British forces recapture Delhi

Trial of Emperor Bahadur Shah

The last rebels surrender in Gwalior

Proclamation of peace by Lord Canning

2 Aug 1858

1 Nov 1858

 

 

Government of India Act 1858

Darbar was held at Allahabad

Queen’s Proclamation – assumed the govt. of India

Lord Canning appointed as 1st Viceroy

1859

Withdrawal of Doctrine of Lapse

Execution of Tatya Tope

1859-60

Indigo revolt in Bengal

1860

Enactment of Indian Penal Code

1861

Indian Councils Act

High Courts Act

Civil Service Act

Famine in N.W. India

Enactment of the Code of Criminal Procedure

Delhi Department of Police is founded

1862

2 July 1862

 

Lord Elgin I as Governor-General 

Establishment of Calcutta High Courts

Supreme & Sadar Courts merged into high courts

1863

1st to join Indian Civil Service – Satyendranath Tagore

1864

John Lawrence as Governor-General

Shimla was declared as the summer capital

Bhutan War

Indian Forest service was set up

1865

Orissa famine

Opening of telegraphic communication with Europe

Indian Forest Acts – British claims over forests in India

1867

Fiscal year April–March

1868

Opening of railway from Ambala to Delhi

Bank of Bombay established

Tata Group is founded by Jamsetji Tata

1869

2 Oct 1869

Lord Mayo became Viceroy

Birth of Gandhiji

1870

Infanticide is banned in India

1st submarine telegraph cable from UK to Bombay

1871

Criminal Tribes Act – hereditary criminals

1872

Murder of Lord Mayo by Sher Ali Afridi in A&N Islands

Lord Northbrook appointed viceroy

1873

Famine in Bihar

1874

Agra Canal opens

1875

31 Oct 1975

 

Deposition of Malhar Rao Gaekwad

Birth of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

Visit of Edward, Prince of Wales

1876

Lord Lytton I became viceroy

Royal Titles Act

Occupation of Quetta

Outbreak of famine in the Deccan

1 Jan 1877

 

2nd Delhi Durbar

Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India

1878  – 80

2nd Afghan War

1878

Vernacular Press Act

1880

Lord Ripon as viceroy

1881

Rendition of Mysore

1st Factory Act

1st General Census

1882

Repeal of Vernacular Press Act

Hunter Education Commission

1883

Beginning of local self-government in India

Ilbert Bill – allow Indian judges to try Europeans

1884

Lord Dufferin as viceroy

1885

25 Dec 1885

 

3rd Burmese War

1st meeting of the Indian National Congress

Bengal Local Self-Government Act

1886

Annexation of Upper Burma

Restoration of Gwalior fort

1888

Lord Lansdowne became viceroy

1st ever temple for the untouchables in Aruvippuram, Kerala

1891

2nd Factory Act

Age of Consent Act

Anglo-Manipur War

1892

Indian Councils Act

1893

Durand Line – Boundary between British India and Afghanistan

Vivekanada in U.S.A.

1894

Lord Elgin Il as Viceroy

Punjab National Bank was founded by Lala Lajpat Rai

1896

Plague epidemic in Bombay 

Famine started in Bundelkhand

1897

Famine Commission

Battle of Saragarhi

Formation of Indian Education Service

1897-98

Frontier War – Tirah campaign – between British and Afghan

1898

1st volume of the Linguistic Survey of India is published in Calcutta

1899

Lord Curzon became Viceroy

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

timeline of modern indian history british rule pdf chronology

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

1900 to Independence

1900

Land Alienation Act

India’s first participation in the summer Olympics

1901

Death of Queen Victoria and accession of King Edward VIl

North West Frontier Province created

1902

United Provinces of Agra and Oudh is established

1903 – 04

Tibetan expedition – Younghusband mission

1904

Ancient Monuments Preservation Act

Indian Universities Act

Co-operative Society Act

19 July 1905

16 Oct 1905

 

 

 

Partition of Bengal announced

Partition took place

Lord Mito Il became Viceroy

Morely Secretary of State for India

Swadeshi and boycott movement

1906

30 Dec 1906

 

Officially adaptation of Indian Standard Time.

Foundation of the Muslim League

President Dadabhai Naoroji declared ‘Swaraj’ 

1907

26 Dec

 

 

 

Anglo-Russian Convention

Surat split

Newspapers Act

Tata steel started manufacturing

Ani Besent – president of Thiosafical society

12 Mar 1908

May 1908

29 April

Tinnevely riot 

Trial of Alipore bomb case (1908-09)

Muzaffarpur Conspiracy – Khudiran & P. Chaki

1909

Nasik conspiracy

Indian Councils Act (Morley-Minto Reforms)

1st Indian to Viceroy’s Executive Council – S.P Sinha

1910

 

Lord Hardinge as Viceroy

Sri Aurobindo began his spiritual pursuits

timeline of indian history

Feb 1911

11 Dec 1911

12 Dec 

12 Dec

12 Dec

27 Dec 1911

1st official air mail flight – Allahabad to Naini 

Coronation of George V in New Delhi

Delhi Durbar

Partition of Bengal nullified

Transfer of capital to Delhi announced

Jana Gana Mana – free India’s National Anthem

22 Mar 1912

23 Dec 1912

 

State of Bihar and Orissa formed out of Bengal

Bomb at Hardinge – Delhi conspiracy case

Introduced registration of motor vehicles

1913

Nobel Prize for Rabindranath Tagore

Raja Harishchandra – 1st full-length Indian feature film

4 April 1914

28 July 1914

26 sept

 

Komagata Maru incident – 4 April to 27 Sept

1st World War, Declaration of War

Landing of Indian troops in France

McMahon Line – Simla Accord

9 Jan 1915

 

Gandhiji returns to India from South Africa

Defence of India Act

1916

 

 

April 1916

Sept 1916

 

Lord Chelmsford as Viceroy

Sadpler Commission

Lucknow Pact – Congress & Muslim League

Home Rule League – Tilak – MH, Karnataka

Home Rule League – Annie Besant in other parts

Foundation of the Women’s University at Poona

1917

April 1917

20 Aug 1917

INC demands self-government for India

Champaran Satyagraha

August Declaration, in the British House of Commons

1918

 

 

11 Nov 1918

Indians declared eligible for King’s Commission

Indian National Liberal Federation

Publication of Montague Chelmsford Report

End of first world war

10 Mar 1919

6 April

9 April

13 April 1919

14 Oct

23 Dec 1919

Rowlatt Act or Black Act

Rowlatt Satyagraha 

Saifuddin Kitchlew & Dr. Satyapal arrested

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre in Amritsar, Punjab

Hunter Commission

Government of India Act, 1919

July 1920

 

1 Aug 1920

31 Aug 1920

 

House of Commons adopts Hunter report

The Khilafat Movenwnt

Death of Bal Gangadhar Tilak

Non-cooperation Movement

Lord Sinha appointed Governor of Bihar and Orissa

1921

July 1921

 

 

Permanent Advisory Council of Princes 

Moplah rebellion

Visit of Edward, Prince of Wales

Lord Reading became viceroy

4 Feb 1922

10 March

11 March

 

Chauri Chaura incident

Withdrawal of Non-cooperation Movement

Gandhiji is arrested in Bombay for sedition

Peshawar Conspiracy

9 Jan 1923

 

 

Foundation of Swaraj Party

Certification of Salt Tax

Decision to Indianise regiments of Indian army

9 Sept 1924

4 Dec 1924

 

Kohat riots

Gateway of India in Bombay

Vaikom Satyagraha in Kereral

Feb 1925

 

June

9 Aug 1925

 

 

 

1st electric train in Bombay

Pink’s War in North West Frontier

Death of C R Das

Kakori conspiracy – HRA

Formation of the Inter-University Board

Lord Lytton II became viceroy

Dyarchy suspended in Bengal

1926

Lord Irwin as Viceroy

Devaluation of the rupee

Nov 1927

Appointment of Simon Commission

3 Feb 1928

May 1928

10 Aug

30 Oct

17 Nov1928

 

Simon Commission reached in Bombay – Hartal

Hockey Gold Medal – Amsterdam Olympics

Nehru Report – Lucknow conference of all parties

Simon Commission in Lahore

Lala Lajpat Rai died in a protest

Board of Control for Cricket in India is formed

Aug 1929

29 Dec 1929

Meerut Conspiracy Case – (1929-33)

Lahore Session and ‘Poone Swaraj’ Resolution

26 Dec 1930

12 Mar 1930

5 April

18 April 1930

30 April

May 1930

 

Oct 1930

8 Dec 1930

INC declares day for Poorna Swaraj

Dandi / Salt March started

Civil Disobedience Movement started at Dandi

Chittagong armory raid by ‎Surya Sen

Vedaranyam Salt satyagraha in South India

Report of Simon Commission

Rebellion in Burma

1st Round Table Conference

Battle of Writers’ Building

5 Mar 1931

23 Mar 1931

7 Sept

 

 

Irwin – Gandhi Pact

Bhagat Singh, Rajguru & Sukhdev were hanged

2nd Round Table Conference

Lord Wellingdon as Viceroy

Chakra was adopted on centre of the flag by INC

May 1932

16 Aug

20 Sept 1932

23 Sept

24 Sept

 

Riots between Hindus and Muslims in Bombay

Communal Award – Ramsay MacDonald

Gandhiji begins a hunger strike in Poona prison

Pahartali European Club attack – P. Waddedar

Poona Pact – B. R. Ambedkar and Gandhi

Foundation of Indian Military Academy

28 Jan 1933

 

 

Pakistan Declaration published

Joint Select Committee on Indian Constitution

Gandhi transfers charge of Congress to Nehru

7 April 1934

July 1934

 

 

Civil Disobedience Movement called off

Communist Party of India is declared unlawful

Factories Act

Royal Indian Navy created

1 April 1935

2 Aug 1935

Reserve Bank of India is founded

Government of India Act

1936

Lord Linlithgow became Viceroy

Temple Entry Proclamation

Feb 1937

1 April 1937

 

 

 

 

Final results of the elections were declared

Provincial autonomy begins

Formation of Congress Ministries in 6 provinces

Burma and Aden are separated from India

New Viceroy’s speech is boycotted by Congress

Federal court started

29 April 1939

1 Sept 1939

17 Oct

 

Nov 1939

22 Dec 1939

S. C. Bose resigns as president of Congress

2nd World War (1939-45)

Congress demand a definition of war aims

Viceroy announced – Dominion Status after war

Resignation by Provincial Congress Ministries

Day of Deliverance by Muslim League

24 Mar 1940

8 Aug 1940

Pakistan Resolution – Fazlul Haq – Muslim League

August Offer by Linlithgow’s

timeline of indian history

16 Jan 1941

Great escape – Netaji went over land to Germany

8 Mar 1942

22 Mar 1942

8 Aug 1942

9 Aug

Aug 1942

Dec

Japanese army enters Rangoon in

Cripps Mission

Quit India resolution – Bombay session of AICC

Indian leader, Mohandas Gandhi is arrested

Ballia parallel govt. in UP – Chittu Pandey

Jatiya Sarkar in Tamluk, WB (1942-44)

1943

23 Mar 1943

 

25 Aug

 

21 Oct

5 Dec

30 Dec 1943

Bengal famine

Pakistan day observed

Wavell became governor general

Netaji became supreme of INA

Prati Sarkar at Satara, MH (1943-45, longest)

Netaji formed Govt. of Free India in Singapore

Japanese attack the Port of Kolkata

Netaji sets up Indian govt. at Port Blair

8 Mar 1944

Mar 1944

Battle of Imphal – British vs. Japan & INA

Rajagopalchari Formula

12 Jan 1945

25 June 1945

15 Aug

2 Sept

Nov 1945

Dec 1945

 

Desai liaquat pact

Simla Conference – Wavell Plan

Japan surrendered

End of World War II

INA trials began at the Red Fort

General elections in India

Congress largest party 59 seats of the 102

Jan 1946

18 Feb 1946

23 Mar

2 April

16 Aug 1946

20 Aug

2 Sept 1946

26 Oct

9 Dec 1946

Royal Air Force Mutiny

Revolt of Royal Indian Navy Mutiny

Cabinet Mission in India

Cabinet Mission in Delhi

Direct Action Day by Muslim League

Communal riots in Dacca

Formation of the Interim Govt.

Muslim League joined the Interim Govt.

1st session of the Constituent Assembly

20 Feb 1947

21 Feb

15 Mac

17 May

3 June 1947

18 July

Atlee announced freedom of India 

Mountbatten became governor-general

Communal riots in the Panjab

Tripura is officially ceded to India

Mountbatten Plan – Partition of India 

Royal assent on Independence of India Act

15 Aug 1947

India obtains Independence from the British

Jawaharlal Nehru becomes 1st Indian Prime Minister

timeline of indian history modern India british rule in india pdf chronology

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