Vitamins and Deficiency Diseases

Vitamin
Chemical name
Solubility
Deficiency disease
Food sources
A
Retinol
Carotenoids
Fat
Night blindness,
Hyperkeratosis
Keratomalacia
Liver, orange, ripe yellow fruits, leafy vegetables, carrots, pumpkin, squash, spinach, fish, soy milk, milk
B1
Thiamine
Water
Beriberi,
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Pork, oatmeal, brown rice, vegetables, potatoes, liver, eggs
B2
Riboflavin
Water
Ariboflavinosis,
glossitis,
angular stomatitis
Dairy products, bananas, popcorn, green beans, asparagus
B3
Niacin
Niacinamide
Nicotinamide
riboside
Water
Pellagra
Meat, fish, eggs, many vegetables, mushrooms, tree nuts
B5
Pantothenic acid
Water
Paresthesia
Meat, broccoli, avocados
B6
Pyridoxine,
Pyridoxamine
Pyridoxal
Water
Anemia
Peripheral neuropathy
Meat, vegetables, tree nuts, bananas
B7
Biotin
Water
Dermatitis, enteritis
Raw egg yolk, liver, peanuts, leafy green vegetables
B9
Folates,
Folic acid
Water
Megaloblastic anemia
deficiency during pregnancy is associated with birth defects, such as neural tube defects
Leafy vegetables, pasta, bread, cereal, liver
B12
Cyanocobalamin
Water
Pernicious anemia
Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, milk
C
Ascorbic acid
Water
Scurvy
Many fruits and vegetables, liver
D
Cholecalciferol (D3),
Ergocalciferol (D2)
Fat
Rickets and osteomalacia
Lichen, eggs, liver, certain fish species such as sardines, certain mushroom species such as shiitake
E
Tocopherols
Fat
Deficiency is very rare
mild hemolytic anemia in newborn infants
Many fruits and vegetables, nuts and seeds, and seed oils
K
Phylloquinone
Fat
Bleeding diathesis
Leafy green vegetables such as spinach; egg yolks; liver


error: