WBCS Syllabus – Preliminary & Main Exam

WBCS Syllabus for Prelim & Main exam
  • This is not an official WBCS Syllabus.
  • WBPSC does not provide any detailed syllabus for compulsory papers in the official notification.
  • WBPSC provides only some important subjects/topics in the official notification every year.
  • WBCS Preliminary and Main syllabi are almost the same except for English and Bengali or other languages.
  • WBCS main exam is just a deeper part of the syllabus.
  • A detailed WBCS syllabus of optional papers and interviews is provided in the official exam notification.
  • So, here we will provide important topics for the Preliminary and Main exams.
  • Follow this to know WBCS Exam Pattern, Posts, Age Limit, Salary, and Eligibility.
wbcs syllabus

wbcs syllabus

Source of this WBCS Syllabus

  • We can get an idea of the syllabus from the previous year’s question papers for WBCS exam.
  • So, when WBPSC add some new question to the paper, we need to update our preparation syllabus too.
  • This syllabus totally depends on our study analysis of the previous year’s WBCS preliminary question papers and WBCS main question papers.
  • You must check previous year’s questions to get a more detailed idea about your WBCS syllabus and preparation.



wbcs syllabus

WBCS Syllabus – Preliminary Exam

  • Only the English portion of the preliminary exam is different from the main exam.
  • Other parts of the question almost follow the same syllabus as the main exam.
WBCS Exam Syllabus

English Grammar

wbcs syllabus
wbcs syllabus

WBCS Syllabus – Main Exam

  • Main exam consists of
    • 2 language paper
    • 4 General Studies paper
    • 2 Optional paper
  • Here we will provide a detailed syllabus of 2 language and 4 GS papers.
  • We will not discuss the optional paper syllabus here.



wbcs syllabus

Paper I – Bengali & other Languages

  • Question paper is divided into the following parts
    • Letter writing – within 150 words
    • Editorial Report – within 200 words
    • Precis writing
    • Unseen Passage
    • Translation – English to Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali
  • Most of the time topics are as follows
    • Woman empowerment, the situation in society, or related problems
    • Children-related problems, future, etc.
    • New Govt. schemes, Bill, acts etc.
    • Local govt. problems and solutions
    • Social problems
    • Environmental problems
    • Current Affairs related topics
wbcs syllabus

WBCS Exam Syllabus

Paper II – English Composition

  • Question paper is divided into following parts
    • Letter writing – within 150 words
    • Draft a report – within 200 words
    • Précis writing
    • Composition
    • Dialogue writing
    • Translation – English to Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali
  • Topics are similar to the Paper I Bengali and other languages questions
wbcs syllabus

WBCS Exam Syllabus

General Studies Paper – I

History of India

wbcs syllabus
WBCS Exam Syllabus



WBCS Exam Syllabus

General Studies Paper – II

Science & Technology


WBCS Exam Syllabus

General Knowledge & Current Affairs

  • General Knowledge
    • Indian polity
    • History of India and West Bengal
    • Physical geography of India and West Bengal
    • Cultural & Science aspects of West Bengal
      • Famous Musicians, movies, directors 
      • Famous books and writers 
      • Scientists, Players, and award winners  
    • Important day and dates
    • Important places – National and international
      • Natural – mountains, lakes, sea, desert, channels
      • Artificial – tourist places, monuments
    • World Heritage Sites of India
    • All time Popular Books and authors
    • Capital, Currency, name of the parliament of different countries
    • Headquarters and Establishment year
  • Current Affairs
    • New appointments – National and international
      • National – Defence, political and administrative
      • International – Political head
    • National & International summits, conventions, festivals govt. meetings.
    • Visits of the Indian Prime Minister, President, and delegation to different countries
    • Visit of International Personalities to India
    • Important Agreements
    • Latest Govt. App, and Portal
    • Central, West Bengal, and other states’ important schemes
    • Books and Authors – recent
    • Awards – recent winner, awards established date etc.
    • Defense news – joint exercises, new arms, and equipment
    • Important Place of News
    • Reports and Index – international and national
    • Sports news – winners, awards, event location
    • News related to NITI Aayog, DRDO, ISRO, and other govt. organization
    • Economy news


WBCS Exam Syllabus

General Studies Paper – III

Constitution of India


WBCS Exam Syllabus

Indian Economy

  • Macro Economics
  • RBI, Banking & Market
  • Sectors of Economy
    • Definition and basics of all 5 sectors
    • Contribution to GDP and related factors
    • Primary sector – developments, different types of revolution, food processing
    • Secondary sector – eight core industries, related index, developments
    • Tertiary sector – growth
    • Top Import and Export goods and partner countries of India
    • Export promotion schemes and developments
    • Balance of payment, Current and Capital account
    • FDI and FII in India – sectors wise and top countries
  • Budget & Public Finance
    • Annual financial statement, different parts, and funds of it
    • Types of deficit, FRBM act. and related topics
    • Borrowing instruments of Govt. and disinvestment
    • Different types of direct and indirect Tax
    • Different types of duties
    • Important Schemes since independence 
    • PDS and food security, FCI
    • Types of subsidies in India
  • Economic planning and reforms in India
  • World Economy
    • International organizations
    • International trade blocks and treaties
    • Sustainable development goals
  • Current Affairs of Economy
    • Different Index, reports, and rank of India
    • Resent schemes by Central and State govt.
      • Agriculture, MSME, Export
    • GST collection, Import duties news
    • Recent measures taken by RBI
    • Expert Committee by RBI
    • PSU and Private Banks – financial inclusion, app, portal etc.
    • International currency related news
    • PSU related news – Investment, disinvestment, CSR etc.
    • Recent FDI, FII, big mergers


WBCS Exam Syllabus

General Studies Paper – IV


  • Arithmetic
    • Partnership
    • Time, work, and wages
    • Mixture, Ratio, and Proportion
    • Percentage
    • Profit, loss, and discount
    • Simple and Compound Interest
    • Speed, time and distance,
    • Boat and Stream
    • Problems on Ages
    • HCF and LCM
    • Pipes & Cistern
  • Trigonometry and Geometry
    • Angles, Ratios, Identities. Heights and Distances
    • Linear Equations
    • Coordinate Geometry
    • Basic Geometry – Lines, Angles, Triangles, Quadrilaterals, Polygons and Circles
  • Mensuration
    • Basic mensuration problems
    • 2D Shapes – Triangle, Square, Rectangle, Circle, Rhombus, Parallelogram, Trapezium
    • 3D Shapes – Cube, Sphere, Hemisphere. Cylinder, Cone, Prism, Pyramids
  • Basic Algebra
  • Probability
    • Basic probability
    • Permutation and combination
  • Number System
    • Simplification
    • Indices and Surds


WBCS Exam Syllabus

General Intelligence 

  • Logical reasoning
  • Verbal reasoning
    • Calendar problems
    • Analogy
    • Syllogism
    • Venn Diagrams
    • Character puzzles
    • Classification
    • Arithmetic reasoning
    • Blood relation test
    • Series Completion
    • Dice, cube, and cuboid
    • Seating arrangement
    • Direction sense test
    • Data sufficiency
    • Verification of truth
  • Non-Verbal reasoning
    • Analytical reasoning
    • Mirror images and water images
    • Embedded Images
    • Pattern Completion
    • Paper Folding
    • Image Analysis
    • Minimum Colors required to Paint


WBCS Exam Syllabus

Official WBCS Syllabus by WBPSC

WBCS Syllabus for Preliminary Exam

  • Questions on English Composition will cover Synonyms, Antonyms, Idioms and Phrases, Vocabulary test, Phrasal Verbs, the same words bearing more than one meaning, use of appropriate and qualifying words, etc.
  • Questions on General Science will cover general appreciation and understanding of science, including matters of everyday observation and experience as may be expected of a well-educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific discipline.
  • In History, emphasis will be on broad general understanding of the subject in its social, economic and political aspects.
  • Questions on the Geography of India will relate to the Physical, Social and Economic Geography of the country, including the main features of Indian Agricultural and Natural Resources with special reference to West Bengal.
  • Questions of Indian Polity and Economy will test the knowledge of the country’s Political System, Panchayati Raj, Community Development and Planning in India.
  • Questions on the Indian National Movement will relate to the nature and character of the Nineteenth Century Resurgence, Growth of Nationalism, and Attainment of Independence.
  • General Mental Ability will relate to Logical perception, understanding and natural conclusion.


WBCS Exam Syllabus

WBCS Syllabus for Main Exam

  • The standard of Arithmetic part of Compulsory Paper – VI (Arithmetic & Test of Reasoning) will be similar to that of the Compulsory Mathematics paper at the Madhyamik Examination of the Board of Secondary Education, West Bengal.
  • Test of Reasoning will cover Analytical Reasoning: Data Sufficiency, Logical Reasoning : (i) Logical Deduction (ii) Forcefulness of the Arguments (iii) Implication of sentences (iv) Inferring from diagrams, Series: (i) Letter series, (ii) Number series, Inferring from Data, Analogy tests, Symbol Interpretation, Mathematical puzzles, Odd man out, Perception test, Non-verbal reasoning & Selecting the correct sequence.
  • The standard of other compulsory papers will be of the level of learning expected from a graduate of any faculty of a recognized University.
  • The two papers of the optional subjects will be of conventional type and the standard of the examination will be approximately that of an Honours Degree Examination as prescribed by the recognized Indian Universities except Law, Medical Science, and Engineering subjects which will be that specified for the LLB, MBBS and BE or equivalent courses respectively recognized by Indian Universities /Institutions.
  • The Topic ‘Environment’ in paper General Studies II will include the following :- Biodiversity and Coastal Regulation Zone, Global Warming, Industrial and Environmental Pollution, Ozone Layer and related issues.
  • The Topic ‘Indian Economy including role and functions of the Reserve Bank of India’ of the compulsory paper- V will consist of the following:- Central State relation and devolution of central funds to state, Planning process and objectives of five years plan, Functions of RBI and Monetary policy, Central Finance Commission & State Finance Commission and Fiscal Policy of Government of India.


WBCS Exam Syllabus

Optional Paper – WBCS Syllabus


WBCS Exam Syllabus

Personality Test or Interview

  • A number of candidates selected in order of merit on the results of the Main Examination for all the services and posts included in Groups A, B, C, and D shall have to appear at a Personality Test.
  • Each candidate will be asked questions on matters of general interest.
  • The object of the test will be to assess the candidate’s personal qualities e.g., alertness of mind, power of clear and logical exposition, intellectual and moral integrity, leadership and also the candidate’s range of interests.
  • Candidates for Group ‘B’ Service (West Bengal Police Service) will be specially tested at the interviews with regard to their suitability for the service.
WBCS Exam Syllabus

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