Constitutional & Non-Constitutional Bodies – Polity – WBCS Main Question Paper

Constitutional & Non-Constitutional Bodies Polity WBCS Main Question Paper
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WBCS Main Question Paper – 2021

11. Who appoints the Chairman of the UPSC?

(A) President

(B) Speaker of Lok Sabha

(C) Chief Justice of India

(D) Prime Minister

 

18. The 101st Amendment of the Indian Constitution is related to

(A) Bodo, Dogri (Dongri), Maithili & Santhali were added in the Eighth Schedule.

(B) extend the reservation of seats for the SC & STs till 2020.

(C) Constitutional status granted to National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC).

(D) G.S.T.

 

31. Duties and Powers of the Comptroller and Auditor General is mentioned in which Article?

(A) Article 137

(B) Article 149

(C) Article 98

(D) Article 150

 

33. Which Article of the Constitution of India contains provisions for a National Commission for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes?

(A) Article 356

(B) Article 365

(C) Article 338

(D) Article 337

 

35. The Election Commission of India is a

(A) Constitutional body

(B) Statutory body

(C) Private body

(D) Government controlled body

 

36. The Election Commission holds election for

(A) the Parliament, State Legislature and the posts of the President and the Vice-President

(B) the Parliament, State Legislative Assemblies and the State Council

(C) the Parliament

(D) the Parliament and the State Legislative Assemblies

 

93. Who was the first Chief Election Commissioner of India?

(A) Sukumar Sen

(B) T. N. Seshan

(C) Sushil Chandra

(D) Sunil Arora

 

102. Which Article mentions about the Finance Commission?

(A) Article 245

(B) Article 260

(C) Article 290

(D) Article 280

 

109. Article 320 of the Indian Constitution deals with ______.

(A) functions of Public Service Commissions

(B) functions of Panchayati Raj Institutions

(C) Administrative Tribunals

(D) power of Parliament to vary or revoke

 

110. Whenever the government spends more than it collects through revenue, the resulting imbalance is known as

(A) Public deficit

(B) Market deficit

(C) Government deficit

(D) Budget deficit

 

135. Who appoints the Chief Election Commissioner of India?

(A) Prime Minister

(B) Vice-President

(C) President

(D) Chief Justice of India

 

154. Article 312 of the Indian Constitution deals with ________.

(A) All-India Services

(B) Annual Financial Statement

(C) Administrative Tribunals

(D) Gram Sabha

 

187. The control of the preparation of electoral rolls for Parliament and Legislature vests with the

(A) President

(B) Election Commission

(C) Cabinet

(D) Prime Minister

 



 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2020

5. Hindi in Devanagari script is the official language of the Union according to which Article in the Indian Constitution ?

(A) Article 342      

(B) Article 383      

(C) Article 343     

(D) Article 344

 

20. Who appoints the Chairman and Members of the State Public Service Commission ?

(Articles 315 to 323)

(A) The Governor of a State

(B) The Chief Justice of the High Court of the State

(C) The President of India

(D) The Chief Minister of the State

 

23. To ensure free and fair elections the Constitution of India establishes an Election Commission. The members of the Election Commission in the Centre are appointed by whom ?

(A) President of India    

(B) Prime Minister of India     

(C) Chief Justice of India     

(D) Vice-President of India

 

78. Sanskrit is the 2nd official language of which state in India ?

(A) Karnataka      

(B) Madhya Pradesh       

(C) Uttarakhand      

(D) Himachal Pradesh

 

93. The Constitution 89th Amendment Act, 2003 established :

(A) Right to Education as the Fundamental Right to all the children under 14 years in India.

(B) The “National Commission for Scheduled Castes” and the “National Commission for Scheduled Tribes”.

(C) Reservation of seats for women in local bodies.

(D) Three language policy.

 

94. The sixty-first Amendment of the Constitution of India, lowered the voting age of elections to the Lok Sabha and to the Legislative Assemblies of States from 21 years to 18 years in which year ?

(A) 1984       

(B) 1987       

(C) 1989     

(D) 1990

 

97. When was the first general election to the Lok Sabha in India held ?

(A) 1950 – 51      

(B) 1951 – 52     

(C) 1953 – 54     

(D) 1954 – 55

 


 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2019

(A) Chairman and three other members
(B) Chairman and four other members
(C) Four whole time members
(D) Five members
 
95. Under Article 321 of the Constitution, the power to extend functions of the Union Public Service Commission has been vested in the
(A) Chairman of the Commission
(B) Ministry of Home Affairs
(C) Parliament
(D) President
 
109. The Union Public Service Commission has advisory power in the following matters: 
(Article 320)
(A) Methods of recruitment to Civil service
(B) Disciplinary matters affecting a public servant
(C) Both of the above
(D) None of the above
 
110. The term of the members of a State Public Service Commission is of 
(Article 316)
(A) 5 years
(B) 6 years
(C) 10 years
(D) None of the above
 
114. Provisions relating to Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions are contained in
(A) Part XIV Chapter I, Articles 315-323
(B) Part XIV Chapter II, Artic1es 315-323
(C) Part XIV Chapter I, Articles 308-318
(D) Part XIV Chapter II, Articles 308-318
 
115. A member of a State Public Service Commission can be removed on the ground of misbehavior only after the enquiry has been held by
(A) Joint Parliamentary Committee.
(B) Committee constituted by the Governor of the concerned State.
(C) High Court of the concerned State.
(D) Supreme Court of India.
 
119. Finance Commission is constituted by the President every
(A) 2 years
(B) 3 years
(C) 4 years
(D) 5 years
 
121. The Union Public Service Commission submits its annual report on its work to
(A) the Chief Justice of India
(B) the Parliament
(C) the President
(D) the Union Home Minister
 
122. The Election Commission is responsible for the conduct of election to
(A) Parliament
(B) State Legislature
(C) Offices of President and Vice President
(D) All of the above
 

 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2018

52. Chairman and other members of the Union and State Public Service Commission are appointed by
a) the President
b) the President and Governor of respective States
c) the Prime Minister and Chief Minister of respective States
d) Both (a) & (c)
 
54. The members of UPSC hold the office
a) during the pleasure of President
b) as long as they enjoy the confidence in Parliament
c) for life or till they attain the age of 70 years
d) for the term of the six years or till they attain the age of 65 years
 
55. The Election Commission is responsible for the conduct of election to
a) Parliament
b) State Legislature
c) Office of President and Vice President
d) All the above
 
56. The members of UPSC can be removed from the office before the expiry of the term by the   
(Article 317)
a) Prime Minister
b) Chairman of UPSC
c) President on recommendation of Supreme Court
d) Prime Minister on recommendation of Supreme Court
 
a) appointed by Home Minister
b) appointed by Prime Minister
c) elected by Parliament
d) appointed by the President
 
100. Under Article 321 of the Constitution, the power to extend functions of the Union Public Service Commission has been vested in the
a) Ministry of Home Affairs
b) Parliament
c) Chairman of the Commission
d) President
 
78. Which Article of the Constitution provides for the appointment of Comptroller and Auditor General
a) Article 78
b) Article 148
c) Article 178
d) Article 238
 
96. How many languages are present in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution?
a) 16
b) 18
c) 20
d) 22
 



 

 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2017

5. UPSC submits its Annual Report on its work to
(A) The Parliament     
(B) The Union Home Minister     
(C) The President 
(D) The Chief Justice of India
 
6. The Chief Election Commissioner is
(A) Elected by Parliament
(B) Appointed by Home Minister
(C) Appointed by Prime Minister
(D) Appointed by President
 
10. Finance Commission is constituted by the President every
(A) 2 years      
(B) 3 years       
(C) 5 years
(D) 7 years
 
11. The Vote value of the voters in the President Election in India are based on the population count of the respective State for the year,
(A) 2010      
(B) 1969        
(C) 1971
(D) 1991
 
13. Article 340 of the Constitution of India deals with
(A) Finance Commission
(B) Election Commission
(C) Backward Classes Commission
(D) UPSC
 
14. The UPSC has to serve only
(A) Selected States     
(B) Entire Nation      
(C) Union Territories      
(D) Depends on President’s will
 
(apex & advisory body)
(A) Political body     
(B) Non-political body       
(C) Statutory body     
(D) None of the above
 
38. The Chairman of the Public Service Commission of a State can be removed from his office by
(A) The President of India
(B) The Governor of the State
(C) The Legislative Council of the State
(D) The High Court of the State
 
78. Under Article 321 of the Constitution of India the power to extend functions of the Union Public Service Commission has been vested in the
(A) President of India
(B) Parliament 
(C) Chairman of the Commission    
(D) Ministry of Home Affairs
 

 
 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2016

12. The National Commission for Scheduled Castes was created by –
(2003)
(A) 87th Amendment      
(B) 88th Amendment        
(C) 89th Amendment      
(D) 92th Amendment
 
15. Which amendment authorised the govt. to fill the backlog of vacancies for the Scheduled Castes (15%) and Scheduled Tribes (7.5%) as these two vacancies are to be treated as a separate class of vacancies to be filled in any succeeding year or years ? 
(Article 16(4B) – 2000)
(A) 81st      
(B) 85th       
(C) 86th        
(D) None of the above
 
16. Which amendment empowered the state to make Provisions for reservation in promotion in government jobs in favour of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes ? 
(1995)
(A) 74th Amendment      
(B) 75th Amendment        
(C) 77th Amendment   
(D) None of the above
 
20. Which one of the following amendments was concerned with the extension of reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes ?
(A) 8th Amendment 
(B) 23rd Amendment        
(C) 45th Amendment        
(D) All of the above
 
21. Which one of the following amendment of the Constitution did away with the privileges and concessions enjoyed by the I.C.S. Officers ? 
(1972)
(A) 24th Amendment      
(B) 28th Amendment     
(C) 29th Amendment        
(D) 42th Amendment
 
48. Which amendment accorded statutory status to the Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes ?
(A) 64th        
(B) 65th    (1990)
(C) 68th        
(D) 70th
 
75. Which among the following committees recommended to set up an “Equal Opportunity Commission” ? 
(2014)
(A) Sarkaria Commission         
(B) Sachar Committee
(C) Bhagawati Committee       
(D) Chawla Committee
 
104. Article 280 of the Indian Constitution lays down the establishment of the –
(A) Planning Commission       
(B)  Inter-State Council
(C) River waters Tribunal         
(D) Finance Commission
 
118. Members of the Union Public Service Commission can function as members up to the age of
(A) 60 years      
(B) 58 years      
(C) 62 years        
(D) 65 years
 



 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2015

8.   The members of UPSC can be removed from the office before the expiry of the term by the
(A) Prime Minister        
(B) Chairman of UPSC
(C) President on recommendation of Supreme Court
(D) Prime Minister on recommendation of Supreme court
 
10.  The Composition of UPSC
(A) Has been laid down in the Constitution        
(B) Is determined by Parliament
(C) Is determined by President
(D) Is determined by Home Ministry
 
11.  Which Article of the Constitution of India provides that it should by the endeavor of every State and every local authority to provide adequate facility for instruction in the mother tongue at the primary stage of education to linguistic minority groups :
(A) Article 349       
(B) Article 350          
(C) Article 350-A
(D) Article 351
 
12.  The first Election Commissioner of India was : 
(1950)
(A) Sukumar Sen
(B) Dr. Nagendra Singh        
(C) S.P. Sen Verma        
(D) K.V.K. Sundaram
 
13.  The Constitution of India provides that “it shall be the duty of the Union to promote the spread of the Hindi language”. It is found in
(A) Article 49       
(B) Article 149         
(C) Article 351
(D) Article 355
 
14.  English is the official language of which one of the following States ?
(Arunachal Pradesh & Nagaland)
(A) Nagaland
(B) Assam        
(C) Manipur       
(D) Tripura
 
15.  Point out the correct statement :
1. Originally the Constitution of India had 14 languages in the 8th schedule
2. Currently there are 22 languages in the Constitution of India
(A) 1 correct  
(B) 2 not correct         
(C) Both 1 and 2 are correct
(D) Both 1 and 2 are incorrect
 
16.  Which of the following funds/authorities/ bodies can be audited by the CAG ?
1. Consolidated Funds of Union Government, State, U.Ts having legislative Assemblies
2. Contingency Funds of India
3. Public Accounts of States
4. Receipts and expenditure of PPP (Public Private Partnership)
(A) 1, 2, 3 only
(B) 1, 2 only        
(C) 1, 3 only      
(D) All
 
20.  What is the criteria for a regional party to be recognised as a national party ?
(A) Must be recognised in at least 4 states
(B) Must be recognised in at least 3 states
(C) To get 1/10th seats in the Lok Sabha
(D) Must get 1/10th seats in both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
 
23.  Choose the incorrect statement among the following :
(A) The National Commission for S.C. is a 6 member body
(B) National Commission for S.C. is a constitutional body established with a view to provide safe-guards against the exploitation of Scheduled Castes.
(C) The first commission came into being on Aug, 1978
(D) The Commission enquires into specific complaints with respect to the deprivation of rights and safeguards of the Scheduled Castes
 
24.  With reference to National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) consider the following statements :
1. Only a retired Chief Justice of India can become a Chairman of NHRC
2. The Chairman can be re-appointed
     Which of the statements above is/are correct ?
(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only       
(C) Both 1 & 2      
(D) Neither 1 nor 2
 
25.  The jurisdiction of the Union Public Service Commission can be extended by :
(A) Government by a resolution       
(B) President
(C) Parliament 
(D) (B) or (C) depending on the type of extension

 
26.  Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes is dealt within :
(A) Part XII of Constitution of India        
(B) Part XIII of Constitution of India
(C) Part XIV of Constitution of India        
(D) Part XVI of Constitution of India
 
27.  The Constitution of India has defined which of the following ?
1. Scheduled Caste     
2. Scheduled Tribe       
3. Anglo Indians
    Select the correct answer
(A) 1 and 2 only        
(B) 1, 2 and 3 only
(C) 3 only      
(D) 2 and 3 only
 
28.  Which of the following articles correctly matched ?
(A) Election Commission – Art 324
(B) Finance Commission – Art 200
(C) Attorney General – Art 176        
(D) National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Tribes – Art 320
 
29.  Who was the first woman to become a Chief Election Commissioner of India ?
(A) V. S. Ramadevi
(B) G. D. Das       
(C) S. K. Bedi       
(D) R. M. Nikam
 
30.  Which Article of the Indian Constitution empowers the President, to appoint a Commission to investigate the condition of the backward classes in general and suggest ameliorative measures ?
(A) Article 340
(B) Article 342        
(C) Article 344       
(D) Article 339
 
35.  Though all government servants hold office during the pleasure of the President or the Governor (as the case may be), two procedural safe-guards are provided for the security of tenure of ‘civil servants’ as distinguished from military personnel by the Constitution of India –
1. A civil servant shall not be dismissed or removed by any authority subordinate to that by which he was appointed
2. No dismissal, removal or reduction in rank shall be ordered against a civil servant unless he has been given a reasonable opportunity of being heard in respect of the charges brought against him
(A) 1 correct        
(B) 2 correct         
(C) Both 1 and 2 correct
(D) 1 correct, 2 incorrect
 
39.  Point out what is not the primary function of the Finance Commission in India
(A) Prepare estimates of consolidated fund of India
(B) Distribution of net proceeds of taxes between the Centre and the States
(C) Determine factors governing grants-in-Aid to the States
(D) Recommend to the President the measures needed to augment the consolidated Fund of a State
 
41.  Which Constitutional Amendment Act, provided reservation in admissions in private un-aided educational institutions for students belong to Scheduled Caste/Tribes and other Backward Classes ?
(2006)
(A) 92nd Amendment Act        
(B) 93rd Amendment Act
(C) 94th Amendment Act       
(D) 95th Amendment Act
 
47.  Choose the correct statement/statements :
1. Right to vote is not a Fundamental Right but a Constitutional one
2. Prisoners and under trials in India do not have the right to vote
(A) 1 Only       
(B) 2 only      
(C) Both
(D) None
 
56.  The voting age in India was reduced from 21 years to 18 years by the
(A) 61st Amendment Act
(B) 63rd Amendment Act
(C) 64th Amendment Act       
(D) 69th Amendment Act
 
84.  Within what time should information be provided under RTI in case of life and personal liberty of a person ? 
(Section 7(1) of Right to Information Act, 2005)
(A) 24 Hrs.      
(B) One Week         
(C) 48 Hrs.
(D) 30 Days
 
85.  Right to Information Act came into force in
(A) 12th Oct, 2005
(B) 12th Oct, 2006       
(C) 12th Oct, 2007      
(D) 12th Oct, 2008
 



 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2014

20.  The first Election Commissioner of India was :
(A) S.S. Verma       
(B) B.C.Roy       
(C) Sukumar Sen
(D) H. J. Kania
 
28.  The first Finance Commission was constituted in :
(Chairman – K.C.Niyogi)
(A) 1951
(B) 1962
(C) 1947
(D) 1952
 
38.  Who of the following constitutes a Finance Commission for India ?
(A) The President of India
(B) The Prime Minister
(C) The Union Finance Minister
(D) The Union Cabinet
 
44.  The term of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India is :
(A) 6 years     
(B) 65 years
(C) 6 years or 65 years of age whichever is earlier
(D) None of the above
 
48.  The Chairman and members of the UPSC hold office for a term of :
(A) Three years     
(B) Four years     
(C) Five years      
(D) Six years or until he attains the age of 65 years
52.  The specific purpose of Finance Commission to make recommendations in respect of
(A) Financial Liberalisation of the economy
(B) Planned expenditure of the Central and State Govts.
(C) The division and distribution of taxes between the Union and the States
(D) Non-planned expenditure of the Central Govt.
 
58.  Who was the Chairman of 13th Finance Commission of India ? 
(2007)
(A) Y. S. P. Thorat       
(B) T. S. Vijayan        
(C) Vijay Kelker
(D) S. Tendulkar
 
 

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