FR, DPSP & FD – Indian Polity – WBCS Main Question Paper

FR, DPSP & FD Indian Polity WBCS Main Question Paper
fundamental rights questions

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2019

3. According to the 86th Constitutional Amendment, 2002, the State shall endeavor to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete
(A) age of 3 years
(B) age of 6 years
(C) age of 7 years
(D) age of 12 years
 
4. Fundamental Duties are enshrined in
(A) Part IV, Article 51
(B) Part IVA, Article 51
(C) Part IV, Article 51A
(D) Part IVA, Article 51A
 
5. The framers of the Constitution borrowed the concept of Directive Principles from
(A) Government of India Act, 1935
(B) Constitution of Ireland
(C) Constitution of Switzerland
(D) Constitution of United States of America
 
6. A citizen of India, who holds any office of profit or trust under the State, cannot accept any title from any foreign State without the consent of the
(A) Council of Ministers
(B) Speaker of Lok Sabha
(C) Prime Minister
(D) President
 
7. Article 23 of the Constitution does not prohibit
(A) beggary
(B) compulsory service for public purposes
(C) forced labour
(D) traffic in human beings
 
8. Under the Indian Constitution, which one of the following is not a specific ground on which the State can place resonations on freedom of religion?
(A) Health
(B) Morality
(C) Public order
(D) Social justice
 
13. The right to property was dropped from the list of fundamental rights by the 
(Article 300A, is a Human right now)
(A) 24th Amendment
(B) 42nd Amendment
(C) 44th Amendment    (1978)
(D) None of the above
 
14. The fundamental rights under Articles 12-35
(A) are absolutely flexible
(B) can be amended
(C) not justiciable
(D) cannot be amended
 
15. Petitions to the Supreme Court under Article 32 are subject to the rule of Res judicata except
(A) Certiorari
(B) Habeas corpus
(C) Prohibition
(D) Quo warranto
 
16. Right to freedom of religion cannot be restricted on the ground of
(A) Health
(B) Morality
(C) Public order
(D) Security of State
17. On which one of the following freedoms can reasonable restrictions be imposed on the ground of security of the State
(A) Speech and expression
(B) Peaceful assembly
(C) Association or Union
(D) Movement
 
18. Untouchability is abolished and its practice is punishable according to
(A) Article 15
(B) Article 16
(C) Article 17
(D) Article 18
 
20. Article 14 guarantees equality before law and equal protection of laws to
(A) all persons living within the territory of India
(B) all citizens living in India
(C) all persons domiciled in India
(D) all persons natural as well as artificial
 
22. For the purpose of Part III of the Constitution, which of the following are not State?
(A) Industrial and Financial Corporation
(B) Kerala Legislative Assembly
(C) National Council of Educational Research and Training
(D) Oil and Natural Gas Commission
 
38. Which of the following provisions in Part Ill of the Constitution automatically becomes suspended on proclamation of emergency?
(A) Article 14
(B) Article 19
(C) Article 21
(D) Article 32
 
102. Which of the following Amendments to the Constitution Inserted the words “Nothing in Article 13 shall apply to any amendment made under this Article” in Article 368?
(1971)
(A) 22nd Amendment
(B) 24th Amendment
(C) 42nd Amendment
(D) 44th Amendment
 
107. Which of the following were not inserted in Part IV of the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment?
(A) Free legal aid to economically backward classes.
(B) Participation of workers in the management of organization engaged in any industry.
(C) Protection and improvement of environment.
(D) Organisation of Village Panchayats.
 
104. The 42nd Constitutional Amendment did not
(A) add the words ‘socialist’, ‘secular’ and ‘integrity’ to the Preamble.
(B) add fundamental duties.
(C) delete the right to property clause from Article 19.
(D) amend Article 353 relating to Proclamation of Emergency
 
105. Which of the following Constitutional Amendments was enacted to deal with issues of national integration in the 1960s, enabling the State to impose by law reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the fundamental right to freedom guaranteed in Article 19 in the interests of the sovereignty and Integrity of India?
(A) 15th Amendment
(B) 16th Amendment
(C) 17th Amendment
(D) State was never given such power
 
 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2018

105. Against which of the following, writs cannot be issued under Article 32 for the enforcement of fundamental rights?
a) High Court
b) Port Trust
c) Income Tax Tribunal
d) Delhi Municipal Corporation
 
107. The term “law in force” in clause (3) of Article 13 means
a) only statutory law
b) customs and usage only
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) Newly formed public order only
 
110. The group of people in the State of constitute backward class to satisfy Article 15(4) is left to the decision of
a) the Court
b) the President of India
c) the State
d) the Parliament
 
111. Under Article 16, the words ‘any employment or office’ applies to
a) public employment
b) private employment
c) both (a) and (b)
d) None of the above
 
112. On which of the following freedoms are reasonable restrictions be imposed on the ground of security of the State?
a) Speech and expression
b) Peaceful assembly
c) Association or union
d) Movement
 
113. Untouchability is abolished and its practice is punishable according to
a) Article 14
b) Article 15
c) Article 16
d) Article 17
 
Articles :      Provisions :
(A) 39A    i) Uniform Civil code
(B) 40     ii) Equal justice and free legal aid
(C) 41    iii) Organisation of village panchayat
(D) 44    iv) Right to work
   Code:
   A  B  C  D
a) i   ii   iii  iv
b) iv ii   iii   i
c) ii  iii  iv  i
d) iii  iv  ii   i
 
135. In Article 45, the State shall endeavor to provide early childhood care and education to children below the age of   
(86th amenedment act. 2002)
a) 6 years
b) 8 years
c) 12 years
d) 14 years
 
137. How many duties are conferred on the citizens in Article 51A
(1976 & 2002)
a) 8
b) 9
c) 11
d) 12
 
122. According to Article 22(4), no detention of any person is possible without the intercession of the Advisory Board for a period exceeding
a) two months
b) less than two months
c) three months
d) twelve months
 
124. Under Article 30(1), the right to establish and administer educational institution belongs to
a) all citizens of India
b) all people of India
c) religious and linguistic minorities
d) minorities as well as majority
120. The 86th Constitutional Amendment in 2002 inserted the provision for the right to education which provides for the obligation of the State to provide free and compulsory education to all children in such manner as the State may, by law, determine. The age of such children should be 
(Article 21A)
a) 0 to 12 years
b) 0 to 14 years
c) 7 to 12 years
d) 12 to 18 years
 
126. The right to property was dropped from the list of Fundamental Rights by
a) 24th Amendment
b) 42nd Amendment
c) 44th Amendment
d) None of these
 
129. In 1971, as new Article 31c was inserted in the Constitution which provides that a law giving effect to the Directive Principles of State Policy specified in Article 39(b) and (c) will not be void on the ground of contravention of Articles 14, 19 or 31. The insertion was made by which of the following Amendments?
a) 21st Amendment
b) 24th Amendment
c) 25th Amendment
d) 26th Amendment
 
114. A citizen of India, who holds any office of profit or trust under the State cannot accept any title from any foreign State without the consent of
a) President
b) Prime Minister
c) Speaker of the Lock Sabha
d) Council of Ministers
 
115. Which one of the undermentioned right is guaranteed to citizens as freedom of religion under Article 19?
a) Right to vote
b) Right to contest election
c) Right to assemble peacefully without arms
d) Right to citizenship
 
117. Articles 20-22 relate to the fundamental right to life and personal liberty. These rights are available to
a) citizen only
b) citizens and non-citizens
c) natural persons as well as artificial persons
d) all persons who have juristic personality
 
118. The following are not included in the right to personal liberty:
a) Right to free legal aid
b) Right not to be tortured
c) Right to equality of waves
d) Freedom from arrest
 
123. Right to freedom of religion cannot be restricted on the ground of
a) public order
b) security of state
c) health
d) morality
 
125. Petitions to the Supreme Court under Article 32 are subject to the rule of Res judicata except
a) Quo warranto
b) Habeas corpus
c) Certiorari
d) Prohibition
 
127. Which one of the following Fundamental Rights was described by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as the “heart and soul of the Constitution”?
a) Right to equality
b) Right to religion
c) Right to constitutional remedies
d) None of the above
 
128. The right under Article 32 can be suspended by 
(Article 359)
a) the Parliament
b) the State Legislature
c) the Supreme Court of India
d) the President when proclamation of emergency is in operation
 
130. Which Article of the Constitution provides that the Parliament will determine the extent of fundamental rights for the members of the Armed Forces?
a) Article 31D
b) Article 32A
c) Article 33
d) None of the above
 
131. According to Article 35, in respect to any of the matters under Articles 16(3), 32(3), 33 and 34, who has the power to make laws?
a) The Parliament
b) The State Legislature
c) Both (a) & (b)
d) None of these
 
133. “Directive Principles of State Policy are the conscience of the Constitution which embody the social philosophy of the Constitution” was opined by
a) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar
b) A. V. Dicey
c) Granville Austin
d) K. L. Where
 
 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2017

3. Sexual harassment of working women amounts to violation of the rights guaranteed by
(A) Articles 14,15, 23     
(B) Articles 14,15, 21    
(C) Articles 14,15,16     
(D) Articles 13,14,15
 
27. Which of the following articles of the Indian Constitution deals with the uniform civil code for the citizens ?
(A) Article 44     
(B) Article 21      
(C) Article 37     
(D) Article 45
 
29. Which one of the following rights, according to Dr. Ambedkar is the ‘Heart and Soul’ of the Constitution of India ?
(A) Right to education
(B) Right to freedom of religion
(C) Right to work
(D) Right to constitutional remedies
 
35. Article 14 of the Constitution of India is confined to
(A) The citizens of India only
(B) To any person
(C) To citizens of Common Wealth Countries
(D) None of the above
 
37. The 1st Amendment to the Constitution of India inserted
(A) Article 31A, 31B and 9th Schedule
(B) Article 32 and 226
(C) Amended Article 246
(D) Abolished the jurisdiction of Privy Council
 
39. Which one of the following Writs literally means ‘Under what authority’ ?
(A) Habeas Corpus       
(B) Certiorari     
(C) Prohibition     
(D) Quo-warranto
 
42. The concept of ‘Directive Principles of State Policy’ is borrowed from
(A) Ireland     .  
(B) England      
(C) Scotland         
(D) United Kingdom
 
(A) retrospective effect
(B) have no retrospective effect under Article 13(1) or 13(3)(b)
(C) have only future effect
(D) None of the above
 
55. Under Article 16, the words ‘any employment or office applies’
(A) private employments
(B) only to public employments
(C) both public and private employments
(D) None of the above
 
57. Right to work in India is   
(Article 41)
(A) Fundamental right     
(B) Directive Principle    
(C) Constitutional duty
(D) Not a fundamental right but can be claimed after employment
 
58. Article 25 guarantees freedom of religion, is subject to
(A) Public order, morality, health and other Fundamental Rights.
(B) Public order, morality and health.
(C) Public order, morality, health and sovereignty and integrity of India.
(D) Public order, morality and Secularism.
59. Which one of the following is Bulwark of the personal freedom ?
(A) Writ of Mandamus      
(B) Writ of Habeus Corpus      
(C) Writ of Certiorari      
(D) Writ of Evocation
 
(1) directives in the nature of ideals of the State
(2) directives administering and legislating the policy of State
(3) justiciable rights of the Citizens
(A) 1       
(B) 1, 2 and 3       
(C) 2      
(D) 3
 
61. In Part IV A of the Constitution of India every Indian citizen has how many Fundamental Duties ?
(A) 9      
(B) 10       
(C) 11 
(D) 8
 
62. The term ‘equal pay for equal work’ is a   
(Article 39)
(A) Directive Principles of State Policy
(B) Fundamental Right
(C) Matter of State Policy
(D) Is a matter of Labour Law
 
63. In Article 45, the State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education to children below the age of
(A) 8
(B) 15
(C) 12
(D) 6
 
69. The expression ‘Prosecution’ under Article 20(2) contemplates
(A) the proceeding should not be under a law which creates offences.
(B) a person must be accused of an offence.
(C) guilt is nor criterion for prosecution.
(D) prosecution is possible only after the final verdict from the Court.
 
70. Which of the following are prohibited without the Consent of the President of India according to Article 18
(A) conferment of title.
(B) accepting any title from any Foreign State.
(C) accepting any gift or office of any kind from or under any Foreign State,
(D) receiving title with money.
 
73. Nothing in Article 13 shall apply to any amendment made in this Article was inserted in Article 368 by
(A) Constitution Act (25th Amendment)
(B) Constitution Act (24th Amendment)
(C) Constitution Act (45th Amendment)
(D) Constitution Act (42nd Amendment)
 
99. Fundamental duties under Article 51A is confined to
(A) Prime Minister and his Council of Ministers
(B) Public servants
(C) All those who run public sector enterprise
(D) Citizens of India
 
100. If the Directive Principles of State Policy is infringed
(A) there is remedy in court
(B) there is remedy in Lok Adalat
(C) there is no remedy by judicial proceedings
(D) there is remedy in the court of Special Executive Magistrate
 
 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2016

1. Which one of the followings has been wrongly listed as a Directive Principle ?
(A) Provision of adequate means of livelihood for all the citizens.
(B) Provision of employment facilities to all able-bodied persons.
(C) Protection of workers, especially children.
(D) Securing of equal pay for equal work to both men and women.
 
2. Which one of the following Directive Principles is non-Gandhian ?
(A) Promotion of cottage industries in rural areas.
(B) Prohibition of the use of intoxicants except for the medicinal purposes.
(C) Prevention of slaughter of cows, calves and other milch cattle.
(D) Provision of free and compulsory education for all the children up to the age of fourteen years.
 
3. Who said that Directive Principles of State Policy are like a cheque on a bank payable at the convenience of the bank ?
(A) Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru      
(B) Dr. B. N. Rao        
(C) Dr. B. R. Ambedkar       
(D) Prof. K. T. Shah
 
4. Which one of the following differences between the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles has been wrongly listed ?
(A) The Fundamental Rights are negative injunctions, while the Directive Principles are positive instructions to the government.
(B) The Fundamental Rights are justiciable while the Directive Principles are non-justiciable
(C) The Fundamental Rights enjoy constitutional basis while the Directive Principles are based on conventions.
(D) In case of clash between the Fundamental Rights and the Directive Principles the former get precedence.
 
6. Which one of the following Fundamental Rights has been the subject of Maximum litigation and controversy ?
(A) Right to Property     
(B) Right to Freedom      
(C) Right to Equality     
(D) Right to Freedom of Religion
 
7. Which one of the following features has been wrongly listed as a feature of Right to Equality ?
(A) It ensures equality in the matter of appointment to offices under the State. 
(B) It abolishes all titles, other than academic and military.
(C) It abolishes untouchability.
(D) It prohibits special treatments any section of society.
 
8. Which one of the following Articles of the Constitution directs the state to strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting the social order in which justice, social, economic and political shall prevail ?
(A) Article 25        
(B) Article 38       
(C) Article 32        
(D) Article 39
 
9. Which Article of the Constitution directs the State to ensure that the wealth and means of production do not get concentrated in few hands ?   
(44th amendment, 1978)
(A) Article 38        
(B) Article 39       
(C) Article 41      
(D) Article 42
 
10. The First Amendment to the Constitution carried out in 1951 sought to provide socio-economic justice to the citizens-
(A) by securing constitutional validity of thirteen Zamindari Abolition Laws in the 9th schedule.
(B) by laying the ceiling on immovable property which a citizen could hold.
(C) by reserving seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Parliament and state legislatures.
(D) by making provision for compulsory acquisition of property in public interest, with minimum compen­sation.
 
11. Which Article of the constitution seeks to promote the educational and economic interests of weaker sections of people, especially the scheduled castes and scheduled tribes ?
(A) Article 42        
(B) Article 46       
(C) Article 39       
(D) Article 44
 
32. The Six Freedoms of the Indian Citizens have been enshrined in-
(A) Articles 14 to 18      
(B) Articles 14 to 35        
(C) Articles 19     
(D) Articles 22
33. The Constitution grants Cultural and Educational Rights with a view to-
(A) evolve a common national culture.
(B) eradicate illiteracy from the country.
(C) to help the minorities conserve their culture.
(D) None of the above
 
34. Right to Cultural and Educational Rights implies
A) Provision of free and compulsory education up to High School.
(B) Special assistance to backward classes to educate them.
(C) Provision of religious and cultural instructions in schools run by the government or receiving aid out of government funds.
(D) Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions of their choice.
 
(A) The right of the citizens to request the parliament to amend the Constitution.
(B) The right of Indian citizens to mobilise public opinion in favour of some constitutional amendments.
(C) The right of citizens to disobey the constitution in certain circumstances.
(D) The right to move the courts for the enforcement of fundamental rights granted by the constitution.
 
36. Which one of the following writs is issued by the higher court to a lower court or a non-judicial public institution to stop proceedings in a particular case ?
(A) Habeas Corpus         
(B) Prohibition        
(C) Quo Warranto         
(D) Certiorari
 
37. “All those laws that were in force immediately before the enactment of the constitution shall be void to the extent of inconsistency with the fundamental rights”. Essence of Article 13 (1) which quotes this can be placed under which of the following ?
(A) Judicial Activism       
(B) Judicial Review        
(C) Discretionary Review       
(D) Judicial Interpretation
 
38. Which among the following was the first programme launched by Government of India to implement the Article 47 of the directive principles of state policy ?   
(1952)
(A) Integrated Rural Development Programme
(B) Community Development Programme
(C) National Rural Employment Programme
(D) Desert Development Programme
 
40. Which among the following justifies the reason that Directive Principles were made explicitly unjustiable ?
(A) The state may not have political will to implement the principles.
(B) The state may not need to implement the principles as the Fundamental Rights were made justifiable.
(C) The implementation of the principles needs resources which the states may not have.
(D) The Constitution does not provide any clear guidelines to implement the principles.
 
46. Which one of the following writs is issued by a higher court asking the lower court to send the record of a particular case to it on the ground that it is not competent to decide the case ?
(A) Habeas Corpus       
(B) Quo Warranto         
(C) Certiorari       
(D) Mandamus
 
47. Which one of the following statements is correct ?
(A) The Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens cannot be suspended under any circumstances.
(B) The Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens can be suspended by the Parliament by a two-thirds majority.
(C) The Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens can be suspended by the President during the national emergency.
(D) The Fundamental Rights of the Indian citizens can be suspended by the President during the national emergency as well as emergency arising due to breakdown of constitutional machinery in a state.
 
49. Which one of the following amendments of the Constitution, is related with right to private property ?
(A) First Amendment       
(B) Fourth Amendment       
(C) Seventeenth Amendment      
(D) All of the above
 
50. Which one of the following amendments sought to overcome the restrictions on the powers of the Parliament to amend the Fundamental Rights (as per decision of Supreme Court in Golak Nath case) ?
(A) 23rd Amendment       
(B) 24th Amendment     (1971)
(G) 25th Amendment      
(D) None of the above
 
80. The writ of prohibition issued by Supreme Court or High Court is issued against-
(A) Administrative and Judicial authorities.
(B) Only administrative authorities.
(C) Judicial or quasi-judicial authorities.
(D) Government.
 
105. Under which Article of the Constitution is protection and interests of the minorities is envisaged ?
(A) Article 32      
(B) Article 19
(C) Article 29
(D) Article 22
 
108. The Untouchable Law was enacted in
(A) 1950        
(B) 1952        
(C) 1951        
(D) 1955
 
 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2015

31.  Respect for the National Flag and National Anthem is
(A) Fundamental right of every citizen          
(B) Fundamental duty of every citizen
(C) Directive principles of State Policy         
(D) Ordinary duty of every citizen
 
32.  Directive Principles are
(A) Justifiable as fundamental rights
(B) Justifiable but not as fundamental rights
(C) Decorative portions of Indian Constitution
(D) Not justifiable, yet fundamental in governance of the country
 
33.  Directive Principles of the State Policy are
(A) Not part of Indian Constitution
(B) Policy declarations made by Jawaharlal Nehru
(C) Policy principles enunciated by the Planning Commission
(D) A part of Indian Constitution
 
34.  Directive Principles of State Policy are
(A) Unique feature of the Constitution
(B) Actual feature of the Constitution
(C) Not a novel feature of the Constitution        
(D) Useless feature of the Constitution
 
38.  Name the writ issued by a superior court to a lower court or a tribunal forbidding it to perform and act outside its jurisdiction
(A) Certiorari         
(B) Prohibition         
(C) Mandamus        
(D) Quo Warranto
 
61.  Which of the following rights was described by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as the ‘heart and soul’ of the Constitution ?
(A) Right to Equality          
(B) Right to Freedom
(C) Right to Religion           
(D) Right to Constitutional Remedies
 
62.  Which new provision was added to the Indian Constitution which provided that “no person shall be deprived of his property saved by authority of law” ?
(A) Art 300 A        
(B) Art 300 B       
(C) Art 301 A       
(D) Art 301 B
 
82.  The Eighty-sixth Amendment of the Constitution of India altered a Directive Principle of the Constitution to provide for :
(A) Early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years
(B) The state to provide free legal aid
(C) Encouraging village panchayats
(D) Prohibiting intoxicating drinks and drugs injurious to health
 
83.  Which Article of the Indian Constitution enumerates Fundamental Duties of an Indian Citizen ?
(A) Art 50 A       
(B) Art 50 B        
(C) Art 51 A       
(D) Art 51 B
 
86.  Which among the following articles relating to Fundamental Rights cannot be suspended during the emergency under Art 359 of the Indian Constitution ?
(A) Art 14 and Art 15     
(B) Art 16 and Art 17       
(C) Art 20 and Art 21     
(D) Art 24 and Art 25
 
87.  Choose the Article in the Constitution of India that envisages free and compulsory education for children upto the age of 14 years.
(A) Art 19       
(B) Art 31      
(C) Art 44       
(D) Art 21 A
 
88.  The Constitution of India guarantees that all citizens will be equal before law by which Article ?
(A) Art 11       
(B) Art 12      
(C) Art 13       
(D) Art 14
 
89.  Choose the following writs that can be issued against administrative authorities :
(A) Prohibition, Certiorari, Mandamus       
(B) Prohibition and Mandamus
(C) Prohibition and Certiorari         
(D) Certiorari and Mandamus
 
90.  Which of the following writs is a bulwark of personal freedom ?
(A) Certiorari       
(B) Habeas Corpus       
(C) Mandamus      
(D) Quo Warranto
 
 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2014

8.   India borrowed the idea of Directive Principle of State Policy from the Constitution of :
(A) The Weimar Republic of Germany
(B) The Republic of Ireland
(C) The South Africa
(D) None of the above
 
9.  In which part of the Constitution does the concept of welfare state find elaboration ?
(A) Preamble
(B) Fundamental Rights
(C) Directive Principle of State Policy
(D) All of the above
 
10.  Which one of the following is a Directive Principle of State Policy ?   
(Article 48A)
(A) The state shall not deny to any person equality before law
(B) The state shall not discriminate against any person on grounds of religion; race, caste, sex or place of birth
(C) Untouchability is abolished and practice in any form shall be punishable by law
(D) The state shall endeavour to protect and improve the environment and safeguarding of forests and wild life
 
11.  ‘Right to property‘ is a :   
(Article 300A)
(A) Fundamental Rights      
(B) Directive Principle         
(C) Legal Right      
(D) Social Right
 
12.  Which one of the following is not a fundamental right ? 
(Article 39)
(A) Right against exploitation
(B) Equal pay for equal work
(C) Equality before law
(D) Right to freedom of religion
 
30.  The right to Constitutional remedy in the Indian Constitution is provided for under :
(A) Article 19        
(B) Article 32        
(C) Article 15        
(D) Article 39



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