After 1857 & Nationalism – WBCS Mains

WBCS Mains – 2018

51. Calcutta (Shibpur) Engineering College was established in the year
a) 1817     b) 1854
c) 1855     d) 1856
52. Calcutta Science College was established in the year
a) 1905      b) 1908
c) 1913      d) 1914
53. Basu Vigynan Mandir (Bose Institute) was established on
a) 1917     b) 1916
c) 1919     d) 1920
55. Who among the following was not a member of the Constituent Assembly?
a) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
b) B R Ambedkar
c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
d) M K Gandhi
56. Tebhaga Movement was launched by Bengal Provincial Kisan Sabha to force implementation of the recommendations of ___ commissions through mass struggle.
a) Fowler Commission
b) Frazer Commission
c) Sapru Commission
d) Floud Commission
57. Subhash Chandra Bose became the supreme leader of Indian National Army in
a) 1940      b) 1941
c) 1942      d) 1943
58. Quit India Movement was launched in immediate response to the failure of
a) Cripps Mission
b) Cabinet Mission Plan
c) Simon Commission Report
d) Wavell Plan
59. Who was the Viceroy at the time of Quit India Movement?
a) Lord Mount Batten
b) Lord Irwin
c) Lord Willingdon
d) Lord Linlithgow
60. The famous 11 point ultimatum given by Mahatma Gandhi to Irwin included
a) 50% reduction in land revenue.
b) abolition of salt tax
c) impose customs duty on foreign cloth to provide textile protection.
d) All of the above
61. Non Co-operation movement was launched on the issues of:
i) Remedy of Punjab wrong
ii) Remedy of Khilafat wrong
iii) Ammendment of Rowlatt Act
iv) Attainment of Swaraj
a) (i), (ii)
b) (i), (iii)
c) (i), (iii), (iv)
d) (i), (ii), (iv)
62. When and where did Mahatma Gandhi become the President of INC?
a) 1915, Bombay
b) 1917, Calcutta
c) 1924, Belgaum
d) 1928, Calcutta
63. The first all India movement launched by M K Gandhi was ___
a) Rowlatt Satyagraha
b) Khilafat Movement
c) Non Co-operation Movement
d) Champaran Satyagraha
64. The first newspaper published by M K Gandhi
a) Indian Opinion
b) Navjeevan
c) Harijan
d) Young India
65. Indian Sociologist was published by
a) Shyamji Krishnavarma
b) Madam Vikhaji Kama
c) Lala Hardayal
d) Pandurang Kankhoje
66. Who played a prominent role in smuggling arms needed for the deadly attack on Bengal Governor Sir John Anderson at Lebong Race Course, Darjeeling?
a) Shanti Ghosh
b) Suniti Chowdhury
c) Vina Das
d) Ujjwala Majumdar
67. The first women state prisoner under Regulation III of 1818 was
a) Nanibala Devi
b) Dukoribala Debi
c) Kalpana Dutta
d) Bina Das
68. The genesis of the demand for Pakistan as a separates state can be traced to
a) Sir Muhammad Iqbal
b) Faziul Huq
c) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
d) Chowdhury Rahamat Ali
69. The sudden emergence of the samities or ‘national volunteer’ movement was one of the major achievements of the Swadeshi Age. Who founded Swadesh Bandhab Samity?
a) Aswini Kumar Dutta
b) Pulinbihari Das
c) Sarala Devi
d) Barin Ghosh
70. ‘Anti-Circular Society’ was established by
a) Sachindra Prasad Basu
b) Krishna Kumar Mitra
c) ‘Raja’ Subodh Mullick
d) Satish Chandra Mukhapadhyay
71. Sandhya, a periodical was published by
a) Bipin Chandra Pal
b) Aurobindo Ghosh
c) Brahama Bandhav Upadhyay
d) Bhupendranath Dutta
72. The song – “Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamare dii mein hainil dekhna hai zor kitna bazuo-e-katil mein hay” immortalised by Bhagat Singh, Ram Prasad Bismil, Asfagullah was composed by
a) Muhammad Iqbal
b) Hasrat Mohani
c) Josh Molihabadi
d) Bismil Azimabadi
73. Andher Nagari was written by
a) Prem Chand
b) Bharatendu Harish Chandra
c) Krishan Chander
d) Mulk Raj Anand
74. Sanjivani, a newspaper was published by
a) Motilal Ghosh
b) Surendranath Banerjee
c) Krishna Kumar Mitra
d) Jogendra Chandra Bose
75. Dramatic Performances Act (DPA) was brought into force under the administration of
a) Lord Lytton
b) Lord Mayo
c) Lord Napier
d) Lord Northbrook
76. Bartaman Bharat was written by
a) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
b) Swami Vivekananda
c) Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
d) Rabindranath Tagore
77. Who among the following was one of the prominent leader of the Justice Movement?
a) Chander Menon
b) C N Mudaliar
c) K Ramakrishna Pillai
d) E V Ramaswami Naicker
78. Sri Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogum (SNDP) was founded by
a) Sri Narayana Guru
b) Dr. Palgu
c) N Kumaran Asan
d) All of them
79. Jyotirao Phule started his Satyasodhak Samaj in
a) 1872        b) 1873
c) 1879        d) 1910
80. When did the Guruvayur temple entry movement take place?
a) 1931     b) 1929
c) 1924     d) 1930
81. All India Conference of the Depressed classes was formed in
a) 1920       b) 1926
c) 1928       d) 1930
82. The news magazine Bharat Shramajivi was published by
a) Dwarakanath Ganguly
b) Sashipada Bannerjee
c) Shivnath Sastri
d) Ramkumar Vidyaratna
83. Mahad Satyagraha constituted an important milestone in B. R. Ambedkar’ s political career. When did it take place?
a) 1920       b) 1926
c) 1927       d) 1930
84. Nair Service Society under the leadership of Mannath Padmanava Pillai was founded in
a) 1900      b) 1905
c) 1914      d) 1917
85. All India Women’s Conference was founded in the year 1927 by
a) Latika Ghosh
b) Urmila Devi
c) Sarojini Naidu
d) Margaret Cousins
86. Pandita Ramabai Saraswati arrived in Western India in 1882 and with the help from Ramabai Ranade set up ___ for general uplift and enlightenment of women.
a) Bharat Stree Mahamandal
b) Women’s Indian Association
c) Arya Mahila Samaj
d) Mahila Rashtriya Sangha
87. Sarojini Naidu founded the Women’s organization named as
a) Nazi Satyagraha Samity
b) Mahila Rashtriya Sangha
c) Rashtriya Stree Sangha
d) Mahila Parisad
88. Mahakali Pathshala was founded by
a) Ramabai Ranade
b) Mataji Tapaswini
c) Anandibhai Bhagat
d) Anandibai Karve
89. Franchise for women were slowly introduced ____ were the first provinces to extend franchise to women.
a) Bombay
b) Madras
c) Bengal
d) Both (a) and (b)
90. Who was the first women legislator?
a) Basanti Devi
b) Urmila Devi
c) Muthulaxmi Reddy
d) Krishnabai Ram
91. Kesari was the mouthpiece of
a) Indian National Society
b) Arya Samaj
c) Sarbajanik Sabha
d) Sanjivani Sabha
92. Landholders’ Association was founded in the year ___
a) 1838   b) 1851
c) 1875   d) 1876
93. Dayanand’s pamphlet on the subject of cow protection Gaukarunanidhi was published in the year __
a) 1879      b) 1881
c) 1885      d) 1892
94. In the 1880s and 1890s ‘communalism’ acquired an All India dimension. Two principal issues were Urdu-Devanagari controversy and cow protection. The demand for the use of Devanagari script was granted in the year
a) 1868    b) 1879
c) 1898    d) 1900
95. Muslim league was initially floated by __ in December, 1906.
a) Sir Sayyid Ahmed Khan
b) Aga Khan
c) Nawab Salimullah
d) Muhammad Ali
96. Rast Goftan was a newspaper established by
a) Muhammad Ali
b) Zafar Ali Khan
c) Syed Agmathullah
d) Fardinji Naoroji
97. The book Indian Musalmans which contributed to the British policy of ‘Divide and Rule’ and led to the growth of Muslim Separatism was written by
a) Syed Amin Ali
b) Sir Syed Ahmed
c) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
d) Sir William Wilson Hunter
98. ‘Child Marraige Restraint Act’ popularly known as Sarda Act was passed in the year _
a) 1927    b) 1928
c) 1929    d) 1942
99. Who among the following groups was not associated with the formation of the Communist Party of India?
a) Gadar revolutionaries
b) Emigre revolutionaries
c) Muhajirs
d) Hindu Radicals
100. Kudi Arasu was founded by
a) Chander Menon
b) E V Ramaswami Naicker
c) C N Mudalier
d) K Ramashaudran Pillai
117. Which of the following do not belong to the ‘Transferred Subjects’ as per the Act of 1919?
a) Local Self Government
b) Education
c) Land Revenue Administration
d) Public Works
141. When did the first schism within the Brahma Samaj first take place?
a) 1865      b) 1866
c) 1867      d) 1868
142. When was Ramkrishna Mission established?
a) 1895      b) 1896
c) 1897      d) 1899
149. Arrange the following Commission constituted for development of education in colonial India according to chronological order and find the correct answer from the codes given below:
i) Sadler Commission
ii) Wood’s Despatch
iii) Hunter Commission
iv) Raleigh Commission
a) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
b) (ii), (iii), (i), (iv)
c) (ii), (i), (iv), (iii)
d) (ii), (iii), (iv), (i)
150. Who was the founder of Granivarta Prakashika?
a) Bhavani Charan Bandyopadhyay
b) Harish Chandra Mukhopadhyay
c) Sisir Kumar Ghosh
d) Harinath Majumder

WBCS Mains – 2017

29. D. D. Kosambi (1907-66) is a pioneer of
(A) Nationalist historiography
(B) Marxist historiography
(C) Subaltern historiography
(D) Imperialist historiography
35. By which Act did education officially come under Indian control for the first time ?
(A) Indian Council Act of 1892
(B) Indian Council Act of 1909
(C) Govt. of India Act of 1919
(D) Govt. of India Act of 1935
48. The ‘Drain Theory’ was first propounded by
(A) Womesh Chandra Banerjee      
(B) G. V. Joshi      
(C) Dadabhai Naoroji     
(D) Romesh Chandra Dutt
55. The first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress was
(A) Hakim Azmal Khan      
(B) Abul Kalam Azad       
(C) Rafi Ahmad Kidwai      
(D) BadruddinToyabji
56. Which phase is considered to be the liberal phase in the history of Indian National Congress ?
(A) 1880-1885     
(B) 1885-1905       
(C) 1905-1915      
(D) 1905-1925
71. In 1934, Mahatma Gandhi withdrew himself from all political activities and made a country-wide tour covering a distance of 12504 miles. This tour is known as
(A) Jan Jagaran Yatra      
(B) Harijan Yatra      
(C) Samaj Samta Yatra      
(D) Swaraj Yatra
72. The British Prime Minister Attlee made the historic announcement of the end of the British rule of India on
(A) February 20,1947     
(B) August 16,1946     
(C) March 07,1947     
(D) December 09,1946
73. On August 11,1947, who told the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan — “You may belong to any religion or caste or creed — that has nothing to do with the business of state” ?
(A) The Nawab of Junagadh
(B) The Nizam of Hyderabad
(C) Mohammad Ali Jinnah
(D) Liyaqat Ali Khan
74. Out of eleven, in how many provinces Congress Ministries were formed in July, 1937 ?
(A) 05      (B) 06      
(C) 07      (D) 08
75. The society of ‘Khudai Khidmatgars’ organized by the Pathans under the leadership of Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan is popularly known as
(A) Blue Shirts       
(B) Green Shirts      
(C) Red Shirts      
(D) Pathan Shirts
76. Who wrote to the Governor from prison: “The individual must die so that the nation may live. Today I must die so that Indian may win Freedom and glory.” ?
(A) Jatin Das       
(B) Bhagat Singh      
(C) Subhas Bose      
(D) Ram Prasad Bismil
77. Lord Mountbatten’s Declaration on the Freedom of India and its partition is known as
(A) The June 3rd Plan     
(B) The June 2nd Plan     
(C) The August Plan    
(D) The Partition Plan
78. In 1903, which leader ridiculed the idea of Swaraj by saying— “Only mad men outside lunatic asylums could think or talk of independence” ?
(A) Gopal Krishna Gokhale      
(B) Pheroz Shah Mehta      
(C)  A. O. Hume    
(D) Mrs, Annie Besant
79. By whom was the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress presided over in 1929, which adopted the ‘Poorna Swaraj’ resolution ?
(A) Motilal Nehru     
(B) Subhas Chandra Bose     
(C) Jawahar Lal Nehru     
(D) Bipin Chandra Pal
81. The founder president of the Gadar Party in USA
(A) Lala Hardayal       
(B) Bhai Parmanand      
(C) Sohan Sing Bakhna       
(D) Ramchandra Bharadwaj
82. Under whose overall leadership was the ‘Quit India Movement’ carried on ?
(A) Mahatma Gandhi      
(B) Jawaharlal Nehru      
(C) Sardar Patel      
(D) None of the above
83. Which of the following statements about RIN mutiny is not correct ?
(A) Socialists like Aruna Asaf Ali sympathised with the rebels.
(B) Gandhiji condemned the violence.
(C) Sardar Patel persuaded the ratings to surrender all.
(D) The mutiny started in Calcutta.
84. Of the four events mentioned below, which was the last to take place ?
(A) The Cripps Mission     
(B) Simla Conference     
(C) Cabinet Mission Plan     
(D) The Ratings Mutiny
85. The worst communal carnage as a result of the Muslim League’s call for ‘Direct Action Day’ took place
(A) Calcutta       
(B) Bombay       
(C) Dacca       
(D) Lahore
86. “The Indian Struggle” is the autobiography of
(A) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad     
(B) Chittaranjan Das     
(C) Jawahar lal Nehru    
(D) Subhas Chandra Bose
87. Which of the following parties / organizations did not support the Quit India Movement of 1942 ?
(A) The Hindu Mahasabha      
(B) The Communist Party of India       
(C) The R.S.S      
(D) All of the above
88. The Congress-Khilafat Swarajya Party with C.R. Das as its President was formed in
(A) 1922       (B) 1925       
(C) 1926       (D) 1927
89. Leaders of which organizations raised objections on the Nehru Report at the All Party Convention held at Calcutta in December, 1928 ?
(A) Muslim League      
(B) Hindu Mahasabha       
(C) Sikh League      
(D) All of the above
90. The inaugural session of the All-India Trade Union Congress in 1920, was presided over by
(A) Lala Lajpat Rai     
(B) Motilal Nehru     
(C) Mrs. Annie Besant     
(D) Acharya Narendra Dev
91. Mohammad Ali Jinnah left India for Karachi (Pakistan) on
(A) March 07,1947      
(B) July 07,1947      
(C) August 07,1947      
(D) August 11, 1947
92. Which movement was suspended by Gandhiji after the Chauri Chaura incident ?
(A) Bardoli Satyagraha
(B) Champaran Satyagraha
(C) Non-cooperation movement
(D) Salt Satyagraha
93. The open mutiny in the Royal Indian Navy (RIN) took place in
(A) February, 1946      
(B) February, 1945     
(C) August, 1946    
(D)  August 1947
94. Which resolution of the Muslim league did formally proclaim the Indian Muslims as a nation ?
(A) Lahore Resolution (1929)
(B) Karachi Resolution (1930)
(C) Lahore Resolution (1940)
(D) Direct Action Day Resolution
95. To which of these struggles did Gandhiji associate himself during 1916-1918 ?
(A) Champaran struggle     
(B) Kheda struggle     
(C) Rowlatt satyagrah     
(D) Both (A) and (B)
96. Which of the following funds was started to finance the Non-cooperation Movement ?
(A) Tilak Swaraj fund
(B) Non-cooperation fund
(C) Non-cooperation-Khilafat fund
(D) None of the above
97. The historic Dandi March of Gandhi began on
(A) January 31,1930       
(B) January 26,1930       
(C) March 12,1930      
(D) April 06,1930
98. After the creation of two new provinces of Sind and Orissa through the Govt, of India Act, 1935, the total no. of provinces in British India became
(A) 10       (B) 11     
(C) 12       (D) 13
99. The ‘Safety Valve’ theory is related to the foundation of which organization?
(A) The Indian Association
(B) The Indian National Conference
(C) The British Indian Association
(D) The Indian National Congress
100. Jamia Millia Islamia of Aligarh, the Bihar Vidyapith, the Kashi Vidyapith and Gujarat Vidyapith came into existence during the period of
(A) Swadeshi and Boycott Movement, 1905-1908
(B) Non-cooperation Movement, 1921-1922
(C) Civil Disobedience Movement, 1930-1934
(D) Quit India Movement, 1942-1943

WBCS Mains – 2016

53. Which of the following statements is/are true about the Vernacular Press Act. 1878 ?
(i) It was passed by Lord Mayo,
(ii) It came to be known as the “Gagging Act”
(iii) It liberated the Indian Press from restrictions.
(iv) It was repealed in 1882 by the Ripon Govt.
Select the answer from codes given below :
(A) (ii) and (iv)       
(B) (i) and (ii)        
(C) (i) and (iii)       
(D) (iii) and (iv)
55. Which of the following resolutions of the Muslim League finally and formally proclaimed the Muslims of India as a Nation ?
(A) Karachi Resolution
(B) Lahore Resolution of 1940
(C) Deliverance Day Resolution
(D) Rahmat Ali Resolution
56. Who said about the Govt. of India Act. 1935 : “After all we framed the constitution …… of 1935 because we thought it the best way ……..  to hold India to the empire” ?
(A) British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald
(B) Winston Churchill
(C) Viceroy Lord Linlithgow
(D) Sir Stafford Cripps
57. Who among the following did not attend the first session of the Indian National Congress ?
(A) Womesh Chandra Banerjee
(B) K.T. Telang
(C) Surendranath Banerjee
(D) Badaruddin Tyabji
58. During the course of which movement did the incident of Chittagong armory raid take place ?
(A) Non-co-operation movement
(B) Bardoli Satyagraha
(C) Civil Disobedience Movement
(D) Quit India Movement
59. Which of the following organizations / persons did not approve of the Quit India Movement ?
(A) Muslim League    
(B) Hindu Mahasabha       
(C) B.R.Ambedkar      
(D) All of the above
60. Which of the following is not correctly matched ?
      Author                                Book
(A) Bipan Chandra         Communalism in Modern India
(B) Bipan Chandra         Nationalism and Colonialism in Modern India
(C) Sumit Sarkar            India’s struggle for Independence
(D) Sumit Sarkar            Modern India, 1885-1947
66. When and where the song ‘Bande Mataram’ was first sung (by Rabindra.nath Tagore) ?
(A) At Calcutta Session of the I. N. Congress in 1896
(B) At Calcutta Town Hall on August 07, 1905
(C) At Santiniketan Ashrama in 1901
(D) On July 19, 1905 at Calcutta when partition of Bengal was formally announced
67. After the Surat split in 1907 the second split in the Congress took place in 1918 on the issue of-
(A) Lucknow Pact
(B) Election of Mrs. Annie Besant as President of the INC (1917)
(C) Both (A) and (B)
(D) Montague declaration
68. The First National Planning Committee was constituted by the Congress in 1938 under the Presidency of –
(A) Ambalal Sarabhai    
(B) Jawahar Lal Nehru  (Planning Commission President)
(C) Subhas Chandra Bose   (INC Precedent) 
(D) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
69. When did the British pass a law making it an offence to Preach nationalism ?
(A) 1890        (B) 1895      
(C) 1898        (D) 1904
71. The three-member Cabinet Mission that visited India between March and June 1946, was headed by-
(A) Sir Stafford Cripps    
(B) Mr A.V. Alexander    
(C) Lord Pethick-Lawrrence     
(D) Clement Attlee
74. During which period Gandhiji remained aloof from direct politics and concentrated his energies on constructive programmes ?
(A) 1919 -1922     
(B) 1922 – 1924      
(C) 1924 – 1927      
(D) 1928 – 1932
75. Who described the Quit India movement (1942) as “by far the most serious rebellion since 1857” ?
(A) Viceroy Lord Linlithgow     
(B) Franklin Roosevelt     
(C) Chiang Kai Shek     
(D) Winston Churchill
77. When and where was the all India Kisan Sabha formed ?
(A) 1930-Bombay      
(B) 1936-Lucknow      
(C) 1938 -Calcutta      
(D) 1942-Lucknow
78. Who acted as President of the Indian National Congress for Six Consecutive years ?
(A) Jawahar Lal Nenru      
(B) Abul Kalam Azad      
(C) Motilal Nehru      
(D) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
80. Which of the following movements emerged in South India under the leadership of E.V. Ramaswamy Naicker “Periyar” ?  
(A) Self-respect Movement    
(B) Justice Party Movement    
(C) Mahar Movement    
(D) Sanskrit Movement
81. Which of the following women’s organisation came into existence in 1927 ?
(A) Women’s Indian Association
(B) National Council of women in India
(C) Bharat stree Mahamandal
(D) All India Women’s Conference
82. Who raised patriotism to the pedestal of mother worship and said : “I know my country as my mother. I adore her. I worship her” ?
(A) Swami Vivekananda    
(B) Bankim Chandra Chatterjee    
(C) Aurobindo Ghosh    
(D) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
84. The Indian Association and National Conference were founded by-
(A) Surendranath Banerjee     
(B) Anand Mohan Bose     
(C) Both (A) and (B)   
(D) Sisir Kumar Ghosh
87. Who was the President of the Indian National Congress when Shimla Conference was convened by Lord Wavell in June-July, 1945 ?
(A) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad      
(B) Sardar Patel      
(C) Jawaharlal Nehru     
(D) A. K. Fazlul Haq
88. In which year Tebhaga Movement was launched in Bengal ?
(A) 1942      (B) 1946       
(C) 1947      (D) 1952
91. The Vaikom Satyagraha was launched in Kerala to
(A) remove untouchability.
(B) ban the Devdasi Institutions for temple service
(C) force the temple authorities to appoint non Brahmins as priests.
(D) open the temples for the entry of the lower castes (avarnas).
94. Who moved a resolution at the Congress session in 1918 demanding equal eligibility for voting rights for both men and women ?
(A) Sarala Debi Choudhurani      
(B) Sarojini Naidu       
(C) Annie Beasant       
(D) Basanti Devi
95. The historic Lucknow session (1916) of the I.N.C was presided over by-
(A) Ambika Charan Mozumdar     
(B) R.N. Mudhokar      
(C) Madan Mohan Malaviya     
(D) Rasbehari Bose
96. Which of the following movements was started by Swami Sahajanand Saraswati in Bihar ?
(A) Zamidari Movement      
(B) Socialist Movement     
(C) Kisan Sabha Movement      
(D) Labour Movement
98. Name the European who worked ardently for the Indian national movement and criticized the British rule by saying : “The British empire is rotten to the core, corrupt in every direction and tyrannical and mean” –
(A) Sister Nivedita      
(B) A.O. Hume       
(C) William Wedderburn      
(D) Mrs. Annie Beasant
99. Which of the following was perhaps the most widespread, most intense and most organized peasant movement in the history of colonial India ?
(A) Tebhaga Movement     
(B) Telangana Movement      
(C) Indigo Movement     
(D) Deccan Riots
100. In which of the following movements prominent women leaders like Sucheta Kripalani and Aruna Asaf Ali took the responsibility of coordinating the movement in the face of unprecedented police repression ?
(A) Civil Disobedience Movement     
(B) Quit India Movement       
(C) Both (A) and (B)       
(D) RIN Mutiny
104. Which movement, though started as a religious reform movement, became a movement for the restoration of Sikh sovereignty by the annexation of Punjab by the British ?
(A) Kittur Rising       
(B) Bundela Revolt        
(C) Kuka Movement      
(D) Satavandi Revolt
105. Which one of the following periods of trade union movement in India witnessed growing influence of communist ideology on trade unionism for the first time ?
(A) 1918-1924       
(B) 1924-1934       
(C) 1934-1939      
(D) 1939-1945
106. Who observed : “The Congress (INC) is in reality a civil war without arms” ?
(A) Lord Dufferin      
(B) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan       
(C) M. Ali Jinnah       
(D) Lord Curzon
108. In which year the Indian capitalist class organized itself under the banner of FICCI ?
(A) 1922        (B) 1927      
(C) 1930        (D) 1932
111. The “Breakdown Plan” in 1946 for transfer of power in India had been proposed by –
(A) Winston Churchil       
(B) Viceroy Lord Wavell      
(C) Lord Mountbatten     
(D) Clement Attlee
114. Which of the following are correct to describe the character of the Aligarh movement ?
(i) Anti-British   
(ii) Pro-British   
(iii) Anti-Congress  
(iv) Pro-Congress   
(v)  Anti-Hindu   
(vi) Pro-Hindu
Select the answer from codes given below :
(A) (i), (ii) and (iii)        
(B) (ii), (iii) and (iv)        
(C) (ii), (iii) and (v)       
(D) (i), (iii) and (v)
115. At the time of which of the following events / movements Jawaharlal Nehru admitted that : “Never before in history had such unified sentiments been manifested by various divergent sections of the population” ?
(A) Quit India Movement      
(B) Imphal campaign of the INA        
(C) INA Trial        
(D) RIN mutiny
116. Which of the following movements were ‘temple entry’ movement organized in early 20th century ?
(A) Vaikkam Satyagraha 1924-25
(B) Guruvayur Satyagraha (1931-33) in Malabar
(C) Munshiganj Kali temple Satyagraha in Bengal (1929)
(D) All of the above
120. In 1940 January, in his letter to C. F. Andrews, who was described by Gandhiji as “my son”- but a “spoilt child of the family” ?
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru      
(B) Minoo Masani       
(C) Muhammad Ali Jinnah      
(D) Subhas Chandra Bose
121. Which of the following statements is / are correct about the Civil Disobedience Movement ?
(i) There was a discernible absence of Hindu-Muslim unity.
(ii) The movement received a massive business support.
(iii) There was large scale women’s participation,
(iv) From September, 1930 onwards the movement began to decline.
Choose the answer from codes given below :
(A) (i) and (ii)        
(B) (ii) and (iv)       
(C) (ii) and (iii)       
(D) All of the above
123. On the basis of which formula / plan Gandhiji, in April 1944 proposed talks with Jinnah which Jinnah refused to accept ?
(A) August offer       
(B) Wavell       
(C) Rajaji formula       
(D) 3rd June Plan
118. The labour movement in India Primarily owes its origin to-
(A) draft recommendations of the Washington International Labour Conference
(B) economic depression.
(C) the General awakening following the First World War
(D) the efforts of the Indian National Congress.

WBCS Mains – 2015

101.  Subhas Chandra Bose fought the presidential elections in 1939 on the ground that
(A) He did not like the nomination of Sitaramayya
(B) He pleaded for elections instead of nominations
(C) He was opposed to Gandhiji
(D) He favored an aggressive policy which was opposed by the Congress Leaders
103.  The lower castes tried to assert themselves by borrowing and imitating customs and manners of the upper castes. This was termed as Sanskritisation by
(A) M. K. Gandhi       
(B) Bernard Cohn       
(C) B. R. Ambedkar       
(D) M. N. Srinivas
104.  Who among the following was not a member of the Congress Socialist Party, although he encouraged and blessed its formation ?
(A) Achyuta Patwardhan       
(B) Jawaharlal Nehru       
(C) Jayaprakash Narayan     
(D) Acharya Narendra Dev
105.  The Congress president who conducted negotiations with Cripps in 1942 and Wavell at the Simla Conference was
(A) Abul Kalam Azad       
(B) Jawahar Lal Nehru       
(C) J. B. Kripalani        
(D) C. Rajagopalachari
106.  Which one of the following adumbrated principles and constitutional provisions which were later incorporated in the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms ?
(A) Nehru Report        
(B) Wavell Plan        
(C) Lucknow Pact       
(D) Poona Pack
107.  The British Government introduced the portfolio system for the first time in
(A) 1853        (B) 1855         
(C) 1861       (D) 1892
108.  The Whitley Commission was concerned with
(A) Labour       
(B) Education       
(C) Public Health       
(D) Reorganisation of Civil Service
109.  The Indian Association played an important role in arousing national consciousness through the formation of the
(A) Indian National Congress      
(B) Bengal British Indian Society   
(C) Indian National Conference      
(D) British India Association
110.  Who designed the National Flag of India, adopted by the Constituent Assembly on July 21, 1947 ?
(A) Badar-ud-din-Tyabji     
(B) Rabindranath Tagore      
(C) Abanindranath Tagore     
(D) Abul Kalam Azad
111.  Which of the following is correctly paired ?
(A) Panjabee – T. Prakasam and M. Krishna Rao        
(B) Bharata Mata – Ajit singh
(C) Krishna Patrika – M. G. Ranade        
(D) Quarterly Journal – Lajpat Rai
112.  Which of the following is correctly paired ?
(A) Antipartition and Swadeshi Movements – Lord Lansdowne
(B) Factory Act of 1891 – Lord Curzon
(C) Establishment of an agricultural Research Institution at pusa – Lord Minto
(D) Rowlatt Act – Lord Chelmsford
113.  Who said ‘the congress movement was neither inspired by the people nor devised or planned by them ?
(A) Lala Lajpat Rai       
(B) Sir Syed Ahmad Khan      
(C) Lord Curzon      
(D) Lord Dufferin
114.  Who described Bal Gangadhar Tilak as the ‘father of Indian unrest’ ?
(A) Valentine Chirol      
(B) Disrachi        
(C) Minto – II        
(D) Chelmsford
115.  What is the name of the Bengali monthly founded and edited by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1873  ?
(A) Soma Prakasha       
(B) Bangaduta        
(C) Bangadarshana       
(D) Bengalee
116.  When and by whom was the ‘Nair Service Society’ founded ?
 (A) 1905 – Narayana Guru        
(B) 1910 – T.M. Nair
(C) 1914 – M. Padmanabha Pillai       
(D) 1916 – K. Ramakrishna Pillai
117.  Tamil journal, Kudi Arasu was founded by whom   ?
(A) Anna Durai      
(B) P. Tyagaraja Ehetti       
(C) T.M.Nair        
(D) E.V. Ramaswamy Periyar
118.  Who of the following were the original founder of the Theosophical society ?
(i) Madam H. P. Blavatsky     
(ii) Mrs. Annie Besant      
(iii) Colonel H. S. Olcott     
(iv) Colonel O. P Walburn
Choose the answer from the codes given below
(A) i and ii      
(B) ii and iii        
(C) i and iii       
(D) iii and iv
119.  Keshab Chandra Sen
(i) Adopted a radical and comprehensive scheme of social reforms
(ii) Infused the concept of Bhakti into Brahmoism
(iii) Influenced the socio-religious reformer in Bombay and Madras.
(iv) Opposed the introduction of western education in India
Which one is correct
(A)  i, ii and iii        
(B) ii, iii and iv       
(C) i, iii and iv       
(D) All of them
120.  Which of the following books was not written by Swami Dayanand Saraswati ?
(A) Satyartha Prakash       
(B) Veda Prakash        
(C) Satyartha Bhumika       
(D) Veda Bhashya Bhumika
121.  Who was the founder of secret society Abhinava Bharat ?
(A) Naren Bhattacharji     
(B) Jatin Mukherji        
(C) Ganesh Savarkar     
(D) Damodar Chapekar
122.  All the established political parties and groups, except two, boycotted Simon commission, which were those two ?
(i) Hindu Mahasabha      
(ii) Justice Party       
(iii) Muslim League      
(iv) Punjab Unionists
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below
(A) ii and iii       
(B) i and ii        
(C) iv and ii       
(D) iii and iv
123.  Which of the following is correctly matched ?
(A) Formation of the All India Kisan Sabha – 1935
(B) Foundation of the Congress Socialist party – 1934
(C) Foundation of the Forward Block – 1936
(D) Foundation of the Communist Party of India – 1939
124.  What is the name of the newspaper published by the ‘Indian Muslim League’ ?
(A) Quam        
(B) Inquilab        
(C) Star of India       
(D) Dawn
125.  When was the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) founded ?
(A) 1905        (B) 1907       
(C) 1917        (D) 1927
126.  Who said : ‘This orderly disciplined anarchy should go, and if as a result there is complete lawlessness I would risk it’ ?
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru        
(B) Mahatma Gandhi       
(C) Rajagopalachari      
(D) Ballav Bhai Patel
127.  Who said : ‘The Muslims were fools to ask for safeguard and the Hindus were greater fools to refuse them’ ?
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru        
(B) Abul Kalam Ajad        
(C) Muhammed Ali       
(D) Subhas Bose
128.  Who made the ‘Dipawali Diclaration’ and when
(A) Lord Irwin in 1929       
(B) Lord Linlithgow in 1940    
(C) Gandhi 1930       
(D) Subhas Bose in 1941
129.  Who among the following capitalist served as a AICC treasurer for many years and went to jail in 1930  ?
(A) G. D. Birla       
(B) Jamunalal Bajaj      
(C) J. R. D. Tata       
(D) Walchand Hirachand
130.  Who among the following played an important role in the signing of the Gandhi Irwin pact ?
(i) Motilal Nehru      
(ii) Tej Bahadur Sapru      
(iii) Madanmohan Malaviya     
(iv) Jayakar     
(v) Chintamani
Select the correct answer from the codes given below :
(A) i and ii         (B) ii and iv      
(C) ii and iii       (D) iv and v
131.  Which session of the Congress had 1889 Delegates ?
(A) Third Session of Madras     
(B) Fourth Session of Allahabad
(C) Fifth Session at Bombay      
(D) Sixth Session at Calcutta
132.  Who founded the Indian Reforms Association in 1870  ?
(A) Ram Mohan Roy       
(B) Debendranath Tagore
(C) Keshab Chandra Sen      
(D) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
133.  Which of the following groups did not get separate electorates by the Act of 1935 ?
(A) Anglo-Indians      
(B) Indian Christian       
(C) Europeans       
(D) Depressed Classes
138.  What is the Chronological sequence of the following happenings ?
(i) August Declaration       
(ii) Lucknow Pact        
(iii) Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre      
(iv) Khaira Satyagraha
Select the answer from the codes given below  ?
(A) iv, ii, iii and i       
(B) iii, i, ii and iv        
(C) ii, iv, i and iii        
(D) ii, i, iv and iii
139.  Arrange the following events in chronological order
(i) Champaran Satyagraha,    
(ii) Launching of the Khilafat Movement,   
(iii) Reunion of the Congress   
(Iv) Nagpur session of the Congress
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below :
(A) iii, i, ii and iv      
(B) iii, i , iv and ii      
(C) i, iii, iv and ii      
(D) i, iv, iii and ii
140.  Which of the following newspapers/journals were from Maharashtra?
(A) Kranti        
(B) Atmashakti        
(C) Sarathi      
(D) Sandhya
141.  During whose period did the European soldiers stage the so-called ‘White-Mutiny’ in India ?
(A) Dalhousie        
(B) Canning       
(C) Mayo      
(D) Ripon
143.  Who is generally acknowledged as the pioneer of local self-Government in modern India  ?
(A) Ripon       
(B) Hardinge – I       
(C) M. K. Gandhi       
(D) Curzon
144.  Who was the first to attempt decentralization of financial administration ?
(A) Ripon       
(B) Mayo       
(C) Curzon       
(D) Lytton

WBCS Mains – 2014

63.  Who of the following founded the Independent Labour Party in 1936 ?
(A) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar      
(B) M.C. Rajah     
(C) Jagjiban Ram      
(D) Jayaprakash Narayan
64.  Who was the first Indian woman to become the President of Indian National Congress ?
(A) Aruna Asaf Ali     
(B) Sucheta Kripalani       
(C) Sarojini Naidu      
(D) Vijayalakshmi Pandit
65.  The first venture of Gandhi in all-India politics was the :
(A) Dandi March     
(B) Champaran Movement       
(C) Rowlat Satyagraha     
(D) Non-Cooperation Movement
66.  Who among the following organized the defense in the trial of I.N.A. Officers :
(A) Bhulabhai Desai
(B) Madan Mohan Malaviya
(C) Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew 
(D) Gauesh Vasudev Mavalankar
67.  The Indian National Army (l.N.A.) came into existence in 1943 in:
(A) Singapore      
(B) Japan      
(C) Then Barma     
(D) Then Malaya
68.  Who announced Queen Victoria as the Crown of India ?
(A) Lord Wellesley     
(B) Lord Cornwallis       
(C) Lord Lytton     
(D) Lord Hastings
69.  Who gave the slogan ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ ?
(A) Bhagat Sing      
(B) Hasrat Mohani     
(C) S. C. Bose     
(D) M. K. Gandhi
78.  Who founded ‘Swadeshi Bhandar’ in 1897 ?
(A) Sarala Devi       
(B) Rabindranath Tagore     
(C) Mahatma Gandhi     
(D) Bipin Chandra Pal
79.  ‘Gadar’ party’ was founded in 1913 at
(A) Bombay      
(B) Punjab      
(C) Calcutta       
(D) Sun Francisco
80.  Who led the peasant movement in Oudh during the Non-cooperation Movement ?
(A) Mahatma Gandhi       
(B) Baba Ramchandra      
(C) Madari pasi     
(D) Sardar Ballav Bhai Patel
81. Who was the last Governor-General in India ?
(A) Lord William Bentinck
(B) Lord Canning
(C) Lord Mountbatten
(D) Chakraborty Raja Gopalachari
84.  The chief advisor and confident of Syed Ahmad Khan was
(A) W.W. Hunter       
(B) Theodore Beck      
(C) Theodore Morison      
(D) Nassan Lees
85.  What was the primary aim of the Akali movement which rose in the Punjab in 1920s ?
(A) To voice the political grievances of the Sikhs
(B) To bring about modernization in the Sikh social customs
(C) To streamline the management of the gurudwaras or Sikh Shrines
(D) To purge Sikhism of its superstitious accretions and irrational incrustations.
86.  Which of the following was not included in the Nehru Committee Report of 1929 ?
(A) India should be given Dominion Status
(B) Declaration of Fundamental Rights was made
(C) Separate Electorate for Muslims was rejected
(D) It proposed a Federal structure for India
87.  When was the All-India Kisan Sabha formed ?
(A) 1991      (B) 1920     
(C) 1928      (D) 1936
88.  The first free university in India, completely independent of the Government and receiving no grant from it, was :
(A) Vishva Bharati, Shantiniketan
(B) Aligarh Muslim University
(C) Women’s University, Pune
(D) Benaras Hindu University
89.  Who did the Tribune of Lahore refer to in its-  observation ” If ever a man died a hero and martyr to a noble cause, that man was” ?
(A) Bhagat Singh       
(B) Jatindra Nath Das     
(C) Chandra Sekhar Azad     
(D) Surya Sen
90. The Justice Party movement in Madras merged with the :
(A) Self-respect League     
(B) Dravida Kazhagam
(C) Both (A) and (B) above     
(D) Depressed Classes League
91.  Arrange the following events in chronological order and make the correct choice from the options given below :-
1. Death of Bal Gangadhar Tilak
2. Nagpur session of the Congress
3. The Moplah Uprising
4. The inauguration of Visva Bharati at Santiniketan
(A) 4, 3, 2, 1    
(B) 3, 4, 2, 1      
(C) 1, 2, 3, 4     
(D) 3, 2, 4, 1
92.  Both the transfer of power and partition of India were hurried through in how many days :
(A) 94      (B) 86       
(C) 72      (D) 68
93.  Whom did B.G Tilak call ‘the Diamond of India’ ?
(A) Rabindranath Tagore   
(B) Dadabhai Naoraji     
(C) Gopal Krishna Gokhale   
(D) Lala Lajpat Rai
94.  The first tribal leader who was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi and his ideology was :
(A) Jadonang     
(B) Rani Gaidinliu     
(C) Alluri Sitaram Raju    
(D) Thakkar Bapa
95.  The editor of the paper, the Hindu was :
(A) S. Subramania       
(B) Kasturi Ranga Iyengar     
(C) S. Satyamurti    
(D) T. K. Madhavan
96.  Mahatma Gandhi gave the title of Sardar to Vallabhbhai Patel for his great organizational skill in :
(A) The Kheda Satyagraha
(B) The Bardoli Satyagraha
(C) The Salt Satyagraha
(D) The Individual Satyagraha
97.  The first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress was
Wrong question – 2nd or 1st among following
(A) Ajmal Khan       
(B) M. A. Jinaah      
(C) Abul Kalam Azad        
(D) Rahimulla Sayani
98.  Which is the correct pair  ?
(A) Malavya and Jayakar
(B) Vithalbhai and Malavya
(C) Motilal Nehru and Malavya
(D) C. R. Das and Motilal Nehru
99.  Which of the following sections remained at a distance during Swadeshi Movement of 1905 ?
(A) Women       
(B) Peasantry     
(C) Students      
(D) Intelligentsia
100.  Who said on Gandhiji’s death “The tiger has gone out of our lives” ?
(A) J. L. Nehru      
(B) Rajendra Prasad      
(C) S. Radha Krishnan     
(D) Bidhan Chandra Roy

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