After 1857 & Nationalism – History – WBCS Main Question Paper

After 1857 & Nationalism History WBCS Main Question Paper
wbcs main history question paper pdf

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2020

1. The author of the book “The Indian war of Independence 1857′ was


(A) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan

(B) V.D. Savarkar

(C) R.S. Sharma

(D) R.C. Majumdar


7. Who, of the following, opined that the original homeland of the Aryans was the Arctic region?


(A) Bal Gangadhar Tilak

(B) Max Muller

(C) Dayanand Saraswati

(D) A. C. Das


13. The Ghadar Party was founded (November 1913) at San Francisco, USA by

(15 July)

(A) Madam Bhikaji Cama

(B) Lala Har Dayal

(C) Shyamji Krishna Verma

(D) Both (A) and (B)


23. Who among the following was not involved with the foundation of the Anushilan Samiti of Calcutta in 1902?

(A) Promotha Mitter

(B) Abani Mukherjee

(C) Barindra Kumar Ghosh

(D) Jotindra Nath Banerjee


29. The National Council for Education was set up in the year

(A) 1906

(B) 1908

(c) 1909

(D) 1911


45. The second Muslim President of the Indian National Congress was

(1896, Calcutta)

(A) Ajmal Khan

(B) M.A. Jinnah

(C) Abul Kalam Azad

(D) Rahimtullah M. Sayani


55. Vande Mataram was first sung at the session of the Indian National Congress in

(sung by Rabindranath Tagore)

(A) 1886

(B) 1892

(C) 1896

(D) 1904

70. Who among the following was the first leader to organised Labour Movement in India?


(A) B. P. Wadia

(B) Lala Lajpat Rai

(C) N. M. Lokhande

(D) N. G. Ranga


73. Which among the following is not a literary work of Mahatma Gandhi?

(A) ‘Hind Swaraj’

(B) ‘Indian Opinion’

(C) ‘Yugantar’

(D) ‘Young India’


75. Which of the following is correctly matched?

(A) Rabindra Nath Tagore -‘ Nil Darpan’

(B) Dadabhai Naoroji -‘Indian Unrest’

(C) Dinabandhu Mitra -‘Gora’

(D) Ramesh Chandra Dutt – ‘Economic History of India’


79. Who was the founder of the Prarthana Samaj?


(A) Raja Ram Mohan Roy

(B) Dayanand Saraswati

(C) Atmaram Pandurang

(D) Gopal Krishna Gokhale


88. In which year was Lala Lajpat Rai deported to Mandalay for organizing the agrarian movement in Punjab?

(A) 1905

(B) 1907

(C) 1909

(D) 1911


92. Arrange the following events in a correct sequence of the Indian National Movement-

(i) Foundation of Indian National Congress

(ii) Simon Commission

(iii) Home Rule Movement

(iv) Cabinet Mission

(A) (i), (iii), (ii), (iv)

(B) (iii), (i), (iv), (ii)

(C) (i), (ii), (iv), (iii)

(D) (i), (iv), (iii), (ii)


97. The Kuka Movement was started in the mid nineteenth century in

(A) Western Punjab

(B) Maharastra

(C) Bengal

(D) Madhya Pradesh


98. Who was the founder of the Secret Society Abhinava Bharat?

(A) Naren Bhattacharji

(B) Jatin Mukherjee

(C) Damodar Chapekar

(D) Ganesh Savarkar



WBCS Main Question Paper – 2019

72. During the first twenty years of the Congress, which of the following acted as president of the INC thrice?
(A) Surendra Nath Banerjee
(B) Dadabhai Naoroji
(C) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(D) Sankaran Nair

73. Aurobindo Ghosh was brilliantly defended by
(A) Chittaranjan Das
(B) W. C. Bonerjee
(C) MotilalNehru
(D) Tej Bahadur Sapru
128. The brain behind the bomb attack on Viceroy Lord Hardinge at Chandni Chawk, Delhi in December 1912, was:
(A) Rasbehari Basu
(B) Bhai Parmanand
(C) Sachmdranath Sanyal
(D) Shobhan Lal Pathak
129. After the Partition of Bengal, the two new provinces which came into existence were:
(A) East Bengal and Bengal
(B) East Bengal and West Bengal
(C) East Bengal and Assam
(D) East Bengal and North Bengal
135. The European organization in India which launched agitation against the Ilbert Bill was:
(A) European Defence Association
(B) Indo-British Association
(C) Anti Ilbert Bill League
(D) European Rights Front
136. He was a great Indian revolutionary who was a Professor of Sanskrit and Philosophy in the Universities of Berkeley and Stanford and died as a sanyasi in Philadelphia, He was:
(A) Shyamji Krishna Verma
(B) Lala Hardayal
(C) Bhai Parmanand
(D) Ram Chandra Bhardwaj
137. Who edited a Bengali weekly the ‘Jugantor’ and ‘Basumati’?
(A) Barindra Ghosh
(B) Aurobindo Ghosh
(C) Ganesh Ghosh
(D) Anand Mohan Bose
138. Madan Lal Dhingra murdered Curzon Wyllie in London, who was a/an
(A) Adviser to the Secretary of State for India.
(B) Secretary of State for India
(C) Former Governor of the Punjab
(D) Law Member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council
139. Gopal Hari Deshmukh is popularly Known as ‘Lokhitwadi’ because:
(A) He was a great philanthropist and social worker.
(B) He distributed money and medicines to the poor and the needy.
(C) He edited a monthly magazine the ‘Lokhitwadi ‘
(D) All of the above
144. Who was the first to unfurl the first Indian National Flag, the parent and precursor of the Flag of Independent India?
(Stuttgart, Germany – 1907)
(A) Madam Vikaiji Cama
(B) Dadabhai Naoroji
(C) Raja Mahendra Pratap
(D) Taraknath Das
148. Dadabhai Naoroji was elected to the British House of Commons as a member of the party.
(Finsbury Central – 1892)
(A) Conservative
(B) Liberal
(C) Labour
(D) Labour-Liberal Combine
153. Match the social reformers of the nineteenth century with their individual contributions.
wbcs main 2019
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(B) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)
(C) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
(D) (i) (ii) (iv) (iii)
154. The precursor of the Indian National Congress was
(A) Indian Association of Calcutta
(B) Indian National Conference
(C) British Indian Association
(D) The Indian Union
155. The name ‘Indian National Congress’ was given by
(A) S. N. Banerjee
(B) Dadabhai Naoroji
(C) Feroze Shah Mehta
(D) M. G. Ranade
156. The first president of the Indian National Congress was
(A) A. O. Hume
(B) W. C. Bonerjee
(C) S. N. Banerjee
(D) Dadabhai Naoroji
157. Who said “The Congress is tottering to its fall, and one of my great ambitions, while in India, is to assist it to its peaceful demise”?
(A) Syed Ahmed Khan
(B) Raja Shiv Prasad
(C) Lord Dufferin
(D) Lord Curzon
158. Arrange the following events in the correct chronological order:
I.Partition of Bengal
II.Varanasi Session of the I.N.C.
III. Calcutta Session of the I.N.C.
IV. Foundation of Muslim League
159. The immediate cause of the Surat Split (1907) between the moderates and the extremists was
(A) the Boycott of the moderates by the extremists.
(B) the election of the President of I. N. C.
(C) the Swaraj Resolution.
(D) the extremists resolution of Swadeshi, Boycott, National Education and Self Government.
160. The Calcutta session of the I. N. C. (1906) marks a turning point in the history of the congress, because
(A) it marked the end of the twenty years of the I.N. C.
(B) it marked the end of the moderate phase of the I. N. C.
(C) it adopted the resolutions regarding Boycott, Swadeshi, National Education and Self Government.
(D) it was the last session when the I. N. C. was dominated by the old guard.
161. Who were designated as Neo Nationalists?
(A) Extremists
(B) Revolutioneries
(C) Moderates
(D) Swarajists


163. Match the papers or periodicals with the National leaders who Published them
(a) Abul Kalam Azad(i) Bombay Chronicle
(b) Pheroze Shah Mehta(ii) Al Hilal
(c) Mrs Annie Besant(iii) Young India
(d) M K Gandhi(iv) New India
(a) (b) (C) (d)
(A) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)
(B) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(C) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)
(D) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
164. Arrange the following events in the correct chronological order
I.Bombing on Lord Hardinge
II.Transfer of capital from Calcutta to Delhi
III. Outbreak of the First World War
IV. Gandhiji’s arrival in India
165. Match the founders of the following revolutionary organisations
(a) Anushilan Samiti(i) V D Saarkar
(b) Abhinava Bharata(ii) Barindra Kumar Ghosh
(c) Ghadar Party(iii) Lala Hardayal
(d) Hindustan Socialist(iv) Sachindra Nath
Republical ArmySunyal and Bhagat Singh
(a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)
(B) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(C) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)
(D) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
169. Who is regarded as ‘the Mother of Indian Revolution’ ?
(A) Mrs. Annie Besant
(B) Snehlata Wadkar
(C) Sarojini Naidu
(D) Madam Bhikaiji Rustom Cama
198. Ridiculing the idea of Swarajya in 1903, who said, “Only mad men outside lunatic asylums could think or talk of independence”?
(A) Lord Curzon
(B) Lord Hardinge
(C) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(D) Pheroze Shah Mehta
199. During the British rule the only British King to visit India and hold his magnificent Durbar, was:
(A) Edward VII
(B) George V
(C) James II
(D) Edward VI

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2018

52. Calcutta Science College was establish in the year
a) 1905
b) 1908
c) 1913
d) 1914
64. The first newspaper published by M K Gandhi
a) Indian Opinion(1903)
b) Navjeevan
c) Harijan
d) Young India
69. The sudden emergence of the samities or ‘national volunteer’ movement was one of the major achievements of the Swadeshi Age. Who founded Swadesh Bandhab Samity?
a) Aswini Kumar Dutta
b) Pulinbihari Das
c) Sarala Devi
d) Barin Ghosh
70. ‘Anti-Circular Society’ was established by
a) Sachindra Prasad Basu
b) Krishna Kumar Mitra
c) ‘Raja’ Subodh Mullick
d) Satish Chandra Mukhapadhyay
71. Sandhya, a periodical was published by
a) Bipin Chandra Pal
b) Aurobindo Ghosh
c) Brahama Bandhav Upadhyay
d) Bhupendranath Dutta
73. Andher Nagari was written by
a) Prem Chand
b) Bharatendu Harish Chandra
c) Krishan Chander
d) Mulk Raj Anand
74. Sanjivani, a newspaper was published by
a) Motilal Ghosh
b) Surendranath Banerjee
c) Krishna Kumar Mitra
d) Jogendra Chandra Bose
75. Dramatic Performances Act (DPA) was brought into force under the administration of
a) Lord Lytton
b) Lord Mayo
c) Lord Napier
d) Lord Northbrook
76. Bartaman Bharat was written by
a) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
b) Swami Vivekananda
c) Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay
d) Rabindranath Tagore
78. Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam (SNDP) was founded by
a) Sri Narayana Guru
b) Dr. Palgu
c) N Kumaran Asan
d) All of them

79. Jyotirao Phule started his Satyasodhak Samaj in
a) 1872
b) 1873
c) 1879
d) 1910
82. The news magazine Bharat Shramajivi was published by
a) Dwarakanath Ganguly
b) Sashipada Bannerjee
c) Shivnath Sastri
d) Ramkumar Vidyaratna
84. Nair Service Society under the leadership of Mannath Padmanava Pillai was founded in
a) 1900
b) 1905
c) 1914
d) 1917
86. Pandita Ramabai Saraswati arrived in Western India in 1882 and with the help from Ramabai Ranade set up ___ for general uplift and enlightenment of women.
a) Bharat Stree Mahamandal
b) Women’s Indian Association
c) Arya Mahila Samaj
d) Mahila Rashtriya Sangha
88. Mahakali Pathshala was founded by
(1893, Kolkata)
a) Ramabai Ranade
b) Mataji Tapaswini
c) Anandibhai Bhagat
d) Anandibai Karve
91. Kesari was the mouthpiece of
a) Indian National Society
b) Arya Samaj
c) Sarbajanik Sabha
d) Sanjivani Sabha
93. Dayanand’s pamphlet on the subject of cow protection Gaukarunanidhi was published in the year __
a) 1879
b) 1881
c) 1885
d) 1892
94. In the 1880s and 1890s ‘communalism’ acquired an All India dimension. Two principal issues were Urdu-Devanagari controversy and cow protection. The demand for the use of Devanagari script was granted in the year
a) 1868
b) 1879
c) 1898
d) 1900
95. Muslim league was initially floated by _____ in December, 1906.
(30th Dec 1906, Dhaka)
a) Sir Sayyid Ahmed Khan
b) Aga Khan
c) Nawab Salimullah
d) Muhammad Ali
97. The book “Indian Musalmans” which contributed to the British policy of ‘Divide and Rule’ and led to the growth of Muslim Separatism was written by
a) Syed Amin Ali
b) Sir Syed Ahmed
c) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
d) Sir William Wilson Hunter
122. The tribal leader who was regarded as the Father of the World (Dharti Aba) was
a) Buddha Bhagat
b) Tilka Manjhi
c) Birsa Munda
d) Bonangi Pandu Paral
141. When did the first schism within the Brahmo Samaj take place?
a) 1865
b) 1866
c) 1867
d) 1868
142. When was Ramakrishna Mission was established?
a) 1895
b) 1896
c) 1897
d) 1899
149. Arrange the following Commission constituted for development of education in colonial India according to chronological order and find the correct answer from the codes given below:
i) Sadler Commission   (1917)
ii) Wood’s Despatch    (1854)
iii) Hunter Commission   (1882)
iv) Raleigh Commission   (1902)
a) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
b) (ii), (iii), (i), (iv)
c) (ii), (i), (iv), (iii)
d) (ii), (iii), (iv), (i)
150. Who was the founder of Gram Barta Prokashika?
a) Bhavani Charan Bandyopadhyay
b) Harish Chandra Mukhopadhyay
c) Sisir Kumar Ghosh
d) Harinath Majumder

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2017

48. The ‘Drain Theory’ was first propounded by
(A) Womesh Chandra Banerjee
(B) G. V. Joshi
(C) Dadabhai Naoroji
(D) Romesh Chandra Dutt
55. The first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress was
(A) Hakim Azmal Khan
(B) Abul Kalam Azad
(C) Rafi Ahmad Kidwai
(D) BadruddinToyabji
56. Which phase is considered to be the liberal phase in the history of Indian National Congress ?
(A) 1880-1885
(B) 1885-1905
(C) 1905-1915
(D) 1905-1925
78. In 1903, which leader ridiculed the idea of Swaraj by saying— “Only mad men outside lunatic asylums could think or talk of independence” ?
(A) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(B) Pheroz Shah Mehta
(C)A. O. Hume
(D) Mrs, Annie Besant
81. The founder president of the Gadar Party in USA
(A) Lala Hardayal
(B) Bhai Parmanand
(C) Sohan Sing Bakhna
(D) Ramchandra Bharadwaj
99. The ‘Safety Valve’ theory is related to the foundation of which organization ?
(A) The Indian Association
(B) The Indian National Conference
(C) The British Indian Association
(D) The Indian National Congress



WBCS Main Question Paper – 2016

53. Which of the following statements is / are true about the Vernacular Press Act. 1878 ?
(i) It was passed by Lord Mayo,
(ii) It came to be known as the “Gagging Act”
(iii) It liberated the Indian Press from restrictions.
(iv) It was repealed in 1882 by the Ripon Govt.
Select the answer from codes given below :
(A) (ii) and (iv)
(B) (i) and (ii)
(C) (i) and (iii)
(D) (iii) and (iv)
57. Who among the following did not attend the first session of the Indian National Congress ?
(A) Womesh Chandra Banerjee
(B) K.T. Telang
(C) Surendranath Banerjee
(D) Badaruddin Tyabji
66. When and where the song ‘Bande Mataram’ was first sung (by Rabindranath Tagore) ?
(A) At Calcutta Session of the I. N. Congress in 1896
(B) At Calcutta Town Hall on August 07, 1905
(C) At Santiniketan Ashrama in 1901
(D) On July 19, 1905 at Calcutta when partition of Bengal was formally announced
69. When did the British pass a law making it an offence to Preach nationalism ?
(A) 1890
(B) 1895
(C) 1898
(D) 1904
82. Who raised patriotism to the pedestal of mother worship and said : “I know my country as my mother. I adore her. I worship her” ?
(A) Swami Vivekananda
(B) Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
(C) Aurobindo Ghosh
(D) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
84. The Indian Association and National Conference were founded by
(A) Surendranath Banerjee
(B) Anand Mohan Bose
(C) Both (A) and (B)
(D) Sisir Kumar Ghosh
98. Name the European who worked ardently for the Indian national movement and criticized the British rule by saying : “The British empire is rotten to the core, corrupt in every direction and tyrannical and mean” –
(A) Sister Nivedita
(B) A.O. Hume
(C) William Wedderburn
(D) Mrs. Annie Beasant
104. Which movement, though started as a religious reform movement, became a movement for the restoration of Sikh sovereignty by the annexation of Punjab by the British ?
(A) Kittur Rising       
(B) Bundela Revolt        
(C) Kuka Movement     (1857)
(D) Satavandi Revolt
106. Who observed : “The Congress (INC) is in reality a civil war without arms” ?
(A) Lord Dufferin      
(B) Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
(C) M. Ali Jinnah       
(D) Lord Curzon
114. Which of the following are correct to describe the character of the Aligarh movement ?
(i) Anti-British   
(ii) Pro-British   
(iii) Anti-Congress  
(iv) Pro-Congress   
(v)  Anti-Hindu   
(vi) Pro-Hindu
Select the answer from codes given below :
(A) (i), (ii) and (iii)        
(B) (ii), (iii) and (iv)        
(C) (ii), (iii) and (v)
(D) (i), (iii) and (v)

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2015

107.  The British Government introduced the portfolio system for the first time in
(A) 1853       
(B) 1855         
(C) 1861
(D) 1892
109.  The Indian Association played an important role in arousing national consciousness through the formation of the
(A) Indian National Congress      
(B) Bengal British Indian Society   
(C) Indian National Conference
(D) British India Association
111.  Which of the following is correctly paired ?
(A) Panjabee – T. Prakasam and M. Krishna Rao        
(B) Bharata Mata – Ajit singh
(C) Krishna Patrika – M. G. Ranade        
(D) Quarterly Journal – Lajpat Rai
113.  Who said ‘the congress movement was neither inspired by the people nor devised or planned by them ?
(A) Lala Lajpat Rai
(B) Sir Syed Ahmad Khan      
(C) Lord Curzon      
(D) Lord Dufferin
115.  What is the name of the Bengali monthly founded and edited by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1873  ?
(A) Soma Prakasha       
(B) Bangaduta        
(C) Bangadarshana
(D) Bengalee
116.  When and by whom was the ‘Nair Service Society’ founded ?
(A) 1905 – Narayana Guru        
(B) 1910 – T.M. Nair
(C) 1914 – M. Padmanabha Pillai
(D) 1916 – K. Ramakrishna Pillai
118.  Who of the following were the original founder of the Theosophical society ?
(i) Madam H. P. Blavatsky     
(ii) Mrs. Annie Besant      
(iii) Colonel H. S. Olcott     
(iv) Colonel O. P Walburn
Choose the answer from the codes given below
(A) i and ii      
(B) ii and iii        
(C) i and iii
(D) iii and iv
(i) Adopted a radical and comprehensive scheme of social reforms
(ii) Infused the concept of Bhakti into Brahmoism
(iii) Influenced the socio-religious reformer in Bombay and Madras.
(iv) Opposed the introduction of western education in India
      Which one is correct
(A) i, ii and iii
(B) ii, iii and iv       
(C) i, iii and iv       
(D) All of them
120.  Which of the following books was not written by Swami Dayanand Saraswati ?
(A) Satyartha Prakash       
(B) Veda Prakash        
(C) Satyartha Bhumika
(D) Veda Bhashya Bhumika
121.  Who was the founder of secret society Abhinava Bharat ?   
(A) Naren Bhattacharji     
(B) Jatin Mukherji        
(C) Ganesh Savarkar
(D) Damodar Chapekar

131.  Which session of the Congress had 1889 Delegates ?
(A) Third Session of Madras     
(B) Fourth Session of Allahabad
(C) Fifth Session at Bombay
(D) Sixth Session at Calcutta
132.  Who founded the Indian Reforms Association in 1870  ?
(A) Ram Mohan Roy       
(B) Debendranath Tagore
(C) Keshab Chandra Sen
(D) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
141.  During whose period did the European soldiers stage the so called ‘White-Mutiny’ in India ?
(A) Dalhousie        
(B) Canning
(C) Mayo      
(D) Ripon
143.  Who is generally acknowledged as the pioneer of local self-Government in modern India  ?
(A) Ripon
(B) Hardinge – I       
(C) M. K. Gandhi       
(D) Curzon
144.  Who was the first to attempt decentralization of financial administration ?
(A) Ripon       
(B) Mayo
(C) Curzon       
(D) Lytton

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2014

(A) Lord Wellesley     
(B) Lord Cornwallis       
(C) Lord Lytton
(D) Lord Hastings
78.  Who founded ‘Swadeshi Bhandar‘ in 1897 ?
(A) Sarala Devi       
(B) Rabindranath Tagore
(C) Mahatma Gandhi     
(D) Bipin Chandra Pal
79.  ‘Gadar’ party’ was founded in 1913 at
(A) Bombay      
(B) Punjab      
(C) Calcutta       
(D) Sun Francisco
84.  The chief advisor and confident of Syed Ahmad Khan was
(A) W.W. Hunter       
(B) Theodore Beck
(C) Theodore Morison      
(D) Nassan Lees
93.  Whom did B.G Tilak call ‘the Diamond of India’ ?
(A) Rabindranath Tagore   
(B) Dadabhai Naoraji     
(C) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(D) Lala Lajpat Rai
95.  The editor of the paper, the Hindu was :
(A) S. Subramania       
(B) Kasturi Ranga Iyengar
(C) S. Satyamurti    
(D) T. K. Madhavan
97.  The first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress was
(2nd – 1896)
(A) Ajmal Khan       
(B) M. A. Jinaah      
(C) Badruddin Tyabji  (1887)     
(D) Rahimulla Sayani
99.  Which of the following sections remained at a distance during Swadeshi Movement of 1905 ?
(A) Women       
(B) Peasantry
(C) Students      
(D) Intelligentsia

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