After 1915 – Gandhiji & Mass movement – History – WBCS Main Question Paper

After 1915 Gandhiji & Mass movement History - WBCS Main Question Paper
wbcs main history question

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2019

70. The first session of the All India Trade Union Congress held in Bombay in 1920, was presided over by
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru
(B) V. V. Gin
(C) Lala Lajpat Rai
(D) N. M Joshi
 
71. What was the solution found by B. R. Ambedkar in later years after Independence to end the hardship of scheduled class people?
(A) More Representations
(B) Separate Electorate
(C) Embracing the Buddhism
(D) Organized Movement
 
74. The Hindustan Socialist Republican Association movement ended with the death of
(Ä) Bhagat Singh
(B) Ram Prasad Bismil
(C) Chandra Sekhar Azad
(D) Jogesh Chandra Chatterji
 
75. The Congress gave up its ideal of a United India and accepted partition, because
(A) The country was sinking into a civil war
(B) The congress leaders felt that partition was a lesser evil than a civil war
(C) The congress leaders succumbed to the temptation of power and struck a deal with the British
(D) The interim Govt had become an arena of struggle
 
126. The Congress decided to raise a Swaraj Fund of one crore rupees for:
(A) Organizing the Non-Co-operation Movement
(B) Memorial of Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(C) Building the headquarters of the Congress
(D) Supporting the families of the political workers
 
127. The Historic Lucknow Session of the Congress in 1916 was presided over by
(A) Mrs. Annie Besant
(B) R.N. Mudhokar
(C) Ambika Charan Majumdar
(D) Madan Mohan Malyviya
 
130. Who killed Michael O’ Dyer, the Governor of Punjab, who had ordered the brutal firing on the innocent people at Jahariwala Bag?
(A) Madan Lai Dhingra
(B) Sardar Udham Singh
(C) Sohan Singh Bhakra
(D) Kanaj Lai Duit
 
131. The founder President of the Harijan Sevak Sangha, founded by M.K. Gandhi, was
(A) Mahadev Desai
(B) G.D. Birla
(C) Amrit Lal Thakkar
(D) B.R. Ambedkar
 
132. The day M.K. Gandhi launched the Non Co-operation Movement, a great National leader died, he was:   
(A) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
(B) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(C) Pheroze Shah Mehta
(D) C.R. Das
 
133. A Public Service Commission was established in India for the first time by
(A) The Indian Council Act 1892
(B) Act of 1909
(C) The Government of India Act, 1919
(D) The Government of India Act, 1935
134. After the Surat split in 1907,the Second Split in the Congress took place in 1918 on the issue of:
(A) Lucknow Pact
(B) Montagu Declaration
C) Election of Mrs. Annie Besant as President of the INC (1917)
(D) Both (A) & (C)
 
140. The Vaikom Satyagraha was launched in 1924 for
(A) opening the temples to the low caste Hindus.
(B) fighting against the exploitation by the Landlords.
(C) removal of Press restrictions.
(D) democratization of the administration of Travancore State.
 
141. Which of the following acted as President of the Indian National Congress for six Consecutive years?
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru
(B) Dadabhai Naorojl
(C) Abul Kalam Azad
(D) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
 
142. Which of the following revolutionary and terrorist organizations had a large number of young women revolutionizes?
(A) Yugantor
(B) Anushilan Samiti
(C) Bharat Mata Society
(D) Indian Republican Army
 
143. The Nehru Committee Report got a decent burial at the hands of the Congress at the Session of the I.N.C. 
(1929)
(A) Calcutta
(B) Madras
(C) Lahore
(D) Bombay
 
145. Who gave the title of Rani to the Naga woman leader Gaidinliu?
(A) Subhas Chandra Basu
(B) Jawaharlal Nehru
(C) Thakkar Bapa
(D) Mahatma Gandhi
 
146. Who founded a Social Organization, the ‘Jat Pat Torak Mandal’ in 1922, for breaking the caste barriers among the Hindus?
(A) Bhai Parmanand
(B) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
(C) M.G. Ranade
(D) Keshab Chandra Sen
 
147. Which of the following was not a leader of the All India Hindu Mahasabha?
(A) V.D. Savarkar
(B) Bhai Parmanand
(C) Dr. Shyama Prasad Mukherjee
(D) M.R. Jayakar
 
149. The only Indian prince, who actively participated in the revolutionary movement within and outside India, was
(A) Raja Mahendra Pratap
(B) Kunwar Singh
(C) Chhatrapati Sahu
(D) Raja Ripudaman Singh
 
150. Bal Gangadhar Tilak was given the epithet of Lokmanya during:
(A) Swadeshi Movement
(B) Revolutionary Movement
(C) Home Rule Movement
(D) His imprisonment in 1908
151. Mahatma Gandhi first experimented with his technique of Satyagraha in
(A) Champaran
(B) Khera
(C) Ahmedabad Mill Strike
(D) Anti Rowlatt Act Agitation
 
152. A senior congress leader, who held that the Quit India Movement was misguided and detrimental to India’s long term interests, was
(A) Tej bahadur Sapru
(B) Jayaprakash Narayan
(C) C. Rajagopalachari
(D) J. B. Knpalani
 
162. The I. N. C. became both ‘Indian’ and ‘National’ in reality as well as in rare, at the
(A) Surat Session (1907)
(B) Calcutta Session (1906)
(C) Lucknow Session (1916)
(D) Lahore Session (1929)
 
166. Match the epithets of the following National Leaders
(a) B G Tilak                (i) Lokmanya
(b) Andrews                (ii) Dinabandhu
(C) Madan Mohan      (iii) Mahamanya
      Malviya
(d) Laja Lajpai Rai      (iv) Punjab Kesari
     (a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)
(B) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)
(C) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
(D) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
 
167. Which of the following was not the result of the Home Rule movement of Tilak and Besant?
(A) The I. N. C. and the Muslim League both thought of starting a passive Resistance movement.
(B) The Home Rule campaign virtually ousted the moderates from the political field.
(C) The I. N. C. became the ‘Congress of Tilak and Besant
(D) The movement generated a cultural awakening in India.
 
168. Jatin Das, who died (September 13, 1929) after a long hunger strike in the prison, had been arrested m connection with Murder of Saunders
(A) Murder of Saunders
(B) Throwing of bombs in the Assembly at Delhi
(C) Lahore Conspiracy case
(D) Meerut Conspiracy case
 
170. The President of the Lahore Session of the I.N.C. (December 1929) which passed the Purna Swaraj resolution was
(A) Motilal Nehru
(B) Jawaharlal Nehru
(C) Srinivas Ayengar
(D) Subhas Chandra Bose
 
171. The famous ‘Purna Swaraj Declaration’, which says: “We hold it to be a crime against man and God to submit any longer to a rule that has caused this fourfold disaster to our country”, was prepared by
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru
(B) M K. Gandhi
(C) Motilal Nehru
(D) All of the above
 
172. The greatest merit of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact was that:
(A) The I.N.C. agreed to join the Second Round Table Conference.
(B) For the first time the I.N.C. was treated on a footing of equality as a political opponent.
(C) Gandhi, the ‘half naked Fakir’, ascended the staircase of the Viceregal Lodge.
(D) The I.N.C. gained a status and authority to speak for political India.
 
173. Opposition to the Gandhi-Irwin pact was mainly
(A) because of the execution of Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Raj Guru.
(B) because the I.N.C. reneged the Purna Swarajya pledge.
(C) because of suspension of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
(D) because the Pact was a self-delusion.
174. After the Gaya Session of the I.N.C. in December 1922 a new party was formed by Motilal Nehru and C.R. Das. Its name was
(A) National Liberal Party
(B) The Congress Khilafat SwarajyaParty
(C) Swarajya Party
(D) Swarajya Congress Party
 
175. The Meerut Conspiracy Case, in which 27 accused persons were defended by Jawaharlal Nehru and K.N. Katju, related to the members of the
(A) Ghadar Party
(B) Hindu Mahasabha
(C) Indian National Congress
(D) Communist Party of India
 
176. The issue of discussion and stalemate at the Second Round Table Conference related to the
(A) Communal Problem
(B) Federal Structure
(C) Demand for Purna Swarajya
(D) Representation of Depressed Classes
 
177. Who of the following was not hanged in the famous Kakori Train Dacoity
(A) Pandit Ramprasad Bismil
(B) Roshan Lal
(C) Ashfaqulla Khan
(D) Surya Sen
 
178. The Chittagong Armoury Raid had been planned by
(A) Surya Sen
(B) Chandra Dutta
(C) Vidhan Ghosh
(D) Jatin Das
 
179. The two greatest women revolutionaries of the National Movement—Pritilata Wadedar and Kalpana Dutta were the revolutionary co-workers of:
(A) Surya Sen
(B) Bhagat Singh
(C) Batokeshwar Dutt
(D) Chapekar brothers
 
180.Who murdered Sunders, Assistant Superintendent of Police, Lahore, for assaulting Lala Lajpat Rai?
(A) Bhagat Singh
(B) Batukeswar Dutt
(C) Sukh Dev
(D) Raj Guru
 
181. Why did Bhagat Singh and Batukeswar Dutt throw bombs on the floor of the Central Assembly in New Delhi and in the Process got themselves arrested? 
(8th Apr 1929)
(A) After the murders of Sanders at Lahore, the people were suffering terribly at the hands of the Police.
(B) A feeling had slowly gained around that the people had to suffer the consequences of the crimes committed by Bhagat Singh, etc. to remove such a feeling H.S.R.A. decided to send two members to commit a crime and then to court arrest.
(C) To create a sensation all over India in order to remove political lethargy
(D) All of the above
 
182. Jatin Das, an accused in the Lahore Conspiracy Case, on whose death the family of the Irish martyr, Teren Macswiney sent condolence message to the family of Das, died after undertaking a fast of days.
(A) fifty six
(B) sixty three
(C) seventy two
(D) eighty one
 
183. Subhas Chandra Basu was unanimously elected President of the I.N.C at the Haripur Session held in February:
(A) 1936
(B) 1937
(C) 1938
(D) 1939
184. What was the fundamental difference between Subhas Chandra Basu and Gandhi-Nehru group, which led to the defeat of Gandhiji’s candidate for the Presidentship of the I.N.C.?
(A) Gandhiji had a personal dislike for Basu.
(B) Basu had radical and socialist ideas.
(C) Basu wanted to exploit the war between Germany and Britain to India’s advantage and said: “England’s necessity is India’s opportunity”
(D) Insinuations made by Basu against Gandhiji that he was not keen on carrying on the National Struggle.
 
185. The Tripuri Session of the I.N.C. (March, 1939) was a historic event on account of
(A) the victory of Subhas Chandra Basu as President of I.N.C. against Gandhiji’s nominee, Pattabhi Sitaramayya.
(B) the resignation of the entire Working Committee except Subhas Chandra Basu and his brother Sarat Chandra Basu.
(C) the resolution to frame a Constitution of free India.
(D) rejection of the British Foreign Policy by the I.N.C
 
186. After Leaving the Congress, Subhas Chandra Bose organized the Forward Block in
(A) 1939
(B) 1938
(C) 1940
(D) 1941
 
187. The main principle of M K. Gandhi’s famous Basic Education System or Wardha Scheme was: 
(1937)
(A) Learning through activity
(B) Learning through productivity
(C) Earning and learning
(D) Learning and spinning
 
188. Match the following events with the dates of their occurrence:
(a) August Offer             I. August 9-11,1942
(b) Arrival of                  II. July 14, 1942
     Cripps Mission
(c) Quit India                 Ill. March 23, 1942
      Resolution
(d) The Great August   IV. August 8, 1940
      Uprising
     (a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) IV  III   II   I
(B) III   II    I    IV
(C) IV  II   III   I
(D) IV  III   I    II
 
189. The four brigades of the I.N.A. were named after
(A) Lal, Bal, Pal, Subhas
(B) Surya, Chandra,Jatin, Bhagat
(C) Gandhi, Azad, Nehru, Subhas
(D) Ganga, Yamuna, Narmada, Kaveri
 
190. The first Provisional Government of Free India was inaugurated by Subhas Chandra Basu at
(A) Imphal
(B) Kohima
(C) Singapore
(D) Rangoon
 
191. British Prime Minister Attlee made the historic announcement of the end of British rule of India on
(A) February 20, 1947
(B) August 16, 1946
(C) March7, 1947
(D) December 9, 1946
 
192. Lord Mountbatten’s Declaration on the Freedom of India and its partition is known as
(A) The August Plan
(B) The June 3rd Plan
(C) The June 2nd Plan
(D) The Partition Plan
 
194. Match the authors with their works:
(a) Dr. Rajendra Prasad       I. The Nations Voice
(b) Abul Kalam Azad           II. India Divided
(c) V D. Savarkar                III. India Wins Freedom
(d) C Rajagopalachari        IV. Indian War of
                                                Independence
     (a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) II   III   IV    I
(B) III   Il    I    IV
(C)  I    II   III   IV
(D)  II  III    I    IV
 
195. Certain movements of the early twentieth century described as “Movements from below” were
(A) Caste movements
(B) Revolutionary movements
(C) Peasant and tribal movements
(D) Socio-religious movements
 
196. Match the authors and the work:
(a) Sceptred Flute            I. M K. Gandhi
(b) Savitri                         II. Sarojini Naidu
(c) India and the world    III. Aurobindo Ghosh
(d) Conquest of Self       IV. Jawaharlal Nehru
    (a) (b) (c) (d)
(A) I    Il   Ill  IV
(B) IV III   Il    I
(C) Il  Ill   IV   I
(D) Il   I    IV  III
 
197. What approximately was the number of Princely States which legally became Independent at the lapse of British paramountcy on August 15, 1947
(A) 300
(B) 600
(C) 150
(D) 700
 
200. A Muslim organization, which proposed during the First World War that Muslims should participate and try to reach an accord with the Congress, was
(A) Muslim League
(B) Ahmadiya Movement
(C) Ehrar League
(D) Deoband Movement
 
 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2018

53. Basu Vigyan Mandir (Bose Institute) was establish on
a) 1917    
b) 1916
c) 1919    
d) 1920
 
55. Who among the following was not a member of the Constituent Assembly?
a) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
b) B R Ambedkar
c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
d) M K Gandhi
 
56. Tebhaga Movement was launched by Bengal Provincial Kisan Sabha to force implementation of the recommendations of ___ commissions through mass struggle.
a) Fowler Commission
b) Frazer Commission
c) Sapru Commission
d) Floud Commission
 
57. Subhash Chandra Bose became the supreme leader of Indian National Army in
a) 1940     
b) 1941
c) 1942     
d) 1943
 
58. Quit India Movement was launched in immediate response to the failure of
a) Cripps Mission
b) Cabinet Mission Plan
c) Simon Commission Report
d) Wavell Plan
 
59. Who was the Viceroy at the time of Quit India Movement?
a) Lord Mount Batten
b) Lord Irwin
c) Lord Willingdon
d) Lord Linlithgow
 
60. The famous 11 point ultimatum given by Mahatma Gandhi to Irwin included
a) 50% reduction in land revenue.
b) abolition of salt tax
c) impose customs duty on foreign cloth to provide textile protection.
d) All of the above
 
61. Non Co-operation movement was launched on the issues of:
i) Remedy of Punjab wrong
ii) Remedy of Khilafat wrong
iii) Amendment of Rowlatt Act
iv) Attainment of Swaraj
a) (i), (ii)
b) (i), (iii)
c) (i), (iii), (iv)
d) (i), (ii), (iv)
 
62. When and where did Mahatma Gandhi become the President of INC?
a) 1915, Bombay
b) 1917, Calcutta
c) 1924, Belgaum
d) 1928, Calcutta
 
63. The first all India movement launched by M K Gandhi was ___
a) Rowlatt Satyagraha
b) Khilafat Movement
c) Non Co-operation Movement
d) Champaran Satyagraha
65. Indian Sociologist was published by
(1905)
a) Shyamji Krishnavarma
b) Madam Vikhaji Kama
c) Lala Hardayal
d) Pandurang Kankhoje
 
66. Who played a prominent role in smuggling arms needed for the deadly attack on Bengal Governor Sir John Anderson at Lebong Race Course, Darjeeling?
(9th May, 1934)
a) Shanti Ghosh
b) Suniti Chowdhury
c) Vina Das
d) Ujjwala Majumdar
 
67. The first women state prisoner under Regulation III of 1818 was
a) Nanibala Devi
b) Dukoribala Debi
c) Kalpana Dutta
d) Bina Das
 
68. The genesis of the demand for Pakistan as a separate state can be traced to 
(1933)
a) Sir Muhammad Iqbal
b) Faziul Huq
c) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
d) Chowdhury Rahamat Ali
 
72. The song – “Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamare dii mein hain, dekhna hai zor kitna bazuo-e-katil mein hay” immortalized by Bhagat Singh, Ram Prasad Bismil, Asfagullah was composed by
a) Muhammad Iqbal
b) Hasrat Mohani
c) Josh Molihabadi
d) Bismil Azimabadi
 
77. Who among the following was one of the prominent leader of the Justice Movement?
a) Chander Menon
b) C N Mudaliar
c) K Ramakrishna Pillai
d) E V Ramaswami Naicker
 
80. When did the Guruvayur temple entry movement take place?
(Malabar district)
a) 1931    
b) 1929
c) 1924    
d) 1930
 
81. All India Conference of the Depressed classes was formed in
a) 1920      
b) 1926
c) 1928       
d) 1930
 
83. Mahad Satyagraha constituted an important milestone in B. R. Ambedkar’ s political career. When did it take place?
a) 1920      
b) 1926
c) 1927      
d) 1930
 
85. All India Women’s Conference was founded in the year 1927 by
a) Latika Ghosh
b) Urmila Devi
c) Sarojini Naidu
d) Margaret Cousins
87. Sarojini Naidu founded the Women’s organization named as
a) Nazi Satyagraha Samity
b) Mahila Rashtriya Sangha
c) Rashtriya Stree Sangha
d) Mahila Parisad
 
89. Franchise for women were slowly introduced ____ were the first provinces to extend franchise to women. 
(1919)
a) Bombay
b) Madras
c) Bengal
d) Both (a) and (b)
 
90. Who was the first women legislator?
(Madras Legislative Council, 1927)
a) Basanti Devi
b) Urmila Devi
c) Muthulaxmi Reddy
d) Krishnabai Ram
 
98. ‘Child Marriage Restraint Act’ popularly known as Sarda Act was passed in the year _
a) 1927   
b) 1928
c) 1929   
d) 1942
 
99. Who among the following groups was not associated with the formation of the Communist Party of India?
a) Gadar revolutionaries
b) Emigre revolutionaries
c) Muhajirs
d) Hindu Radicals
 
100. Kudi Arasu was published by 
(1925)
a) Chander Menon
b) E V Ramaswami Naicker
c) C N Mudalier
d) K Ramashaudran Pillai
 
117. Which of the following do not belong to the ‘Transferred Subjects’ as per the Act of 1919?
a) Local Self Government
b) Education
c) Land Revenue Administration
d) Public Works
 
 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2017

29. D. D. Kosambi (1907-66) is a pioneer of
(A) Nationalist historiography
(B) Marxist historiography
(C) Subaltern historiography
(D) Imperialist historiography
 
35. By which Act did education officially come under Indian control for the first time ?
(A) Indian Council Act of 1892
(B) Indian Council Act of 1909
(C) Govt. of India Act of 1919
(D) Govt. of India Act of 1935
 
71. In 1934, Mahatma Gandhi withdrew himself from all political activities and made a country-wide tour covering a distance of 12504 miles. This tour is known as
(A) Jan Jagaran Yatra      
(B) Harijan Yatra      
(C) Samaj Samta Yatra      
(D) Swaraj Yatra
 
72. The British Prime Minister Attlee made the historic announcement of the end of the British rule of India on
(A) February 20,1947     
(B) August 16,1946     
(C) March 07,1947     
(D) December 09,1946
 
73. On August 11,1947, who told the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan — “You may belong to any religion or caste or creed – that has nothing to do with the business of state” ?
(A) The Nawab of Junagadh
(B) The Nizam of Hyderabad
(C) Mohammad Ali Jinnah
(D) Liyaqat Ali Khan
 
74. Out of eleven, in how many provinces Congress Ministries were formed in July, 1937 ?
(A) 05     
(B) 06      
(C) 07     
(D) 08
 
75. The society of ‘Khudai Khidmatgars’ organized by the Pathans under the leadership of Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan is popularly known as
(A) Blue Shirts       
(B) Green Shirts      
(C) Red Shirts 
(D) Pathan Shirts
 
76. Who wrote to the Governor from prison: “The individual must die so that the nation may live. Today I must die so that Indian may win Freedom and glory.” ?
(A) Jatin Das       
(B) Bhagat Singh      
(C) Subhas Bose      
(D) Ram Prasad Bismil
 
77. Lord Mountbatten’s Declaration on the Freedom of India and its partition is known as
(A) The June 3rd Plan     
(B) The June 2nd Plan     
(C) The August Plan    
(D) The Partition Plan
 
79. By whom was the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress presided over in 1929, which adopted the ‘Poorna Swaraj’ resolution ?
(A) Motilal Nehru     
(B) Subhas Chandra Bose     
(C) Jawahar Lal Nehru     
(D) Bipin Chandra Pal
82. Under whose overall leadership was the ‘Quit India Movement‘ carried on ?
(A) Mahatma Gandhi      
(B) Jawaharlal Nehru
(C) Sardar Patel      
(D) None of the above
 
83. Which of the following statements about RIN mutiny is not correct ?
(A) Socialists like Aruna Asaf Ali sympathised with the rebels.
(B) Gandhiji condemned the violence.
(C) Sardar Patel persuaded the ratings to surrender all.
(D) The mutiny started in Calcutta.
 
84. Of the four events mentioned below, which was the last to take place ?
(A) The Cripps Mission     
(B) Simla Conference     
(C) Cabinet Mission Plan     
(D) The Ratings Mutiny    (RIN mutiny)
 
85. The worst communal carnage as a result of the Muslim League’s call for ‘Direct Action Day’ took place
(A) Calcutta
(B) Bombay 
(C) Dacca 
(D) Lahore
 
86. “The Indian Struggle” is the autobiography of
(A) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad     
(B) Chittaranjan Das     
(C) Jawahar lal Nehru    
(D) Subhas Chandra Bose
 
87. Which of the following parties / organizations did not support the Quit India Movement of 1942 ?
(A) The Hindu Mahasabha      
(B) The Communist Party of India       
(C) The R.S.S      
(D) All of the above
 
88. The Congress-Khilafat Swarajya Party with C.R. Das as its President was formed in
(A) 1922      
(B) 1925       
(C) 1926      
(D) 1927
 
89. Leaders of which organizations raised objections on the Nehru Report at the All Party Convention held at Calcutta in December, 1928 ?
(A) Muslim League      
(B) Hindu Mahasabha       
(C) Sikh League      
(D) All of the above
 
90. The inaugural session of the All-India Trade Union Congress in 1920, was presided over by
(A) Lala Lajpat Rai     
(B) Motilal Nehru     
(C) Mrs. Annie Besant     
(D) Acharya Narendra Dev
 
91. Mohammad Ali Jinnah left India for Karachi (Pakistan) on
(A) March 07,1947      
(B) July 07,1947
(C) August 07,1947 
(D) August 11, 1947
92. Which movement was suspended by Gandhiji after the Chauri Chaura incident ?
(A) Bardoli Satyagraha
(B) Champaran Satyagraha
(C) Non-cooperation movement
(D) Salt Satyagraha
 
93. The open mutiny in the Royal Indian Navy (RIN) took place in
(A) February, 1946      
(B) February, 1945     
(C) August, 1946    
(D) August, 1947
 
94. Which resolution of the Muslim league did formally proclaim the Indian Muslims as a nation ?
(A) Lahore Resolution (1929)
(B) Karachi Resolution (1930)
(C) Lahore Resolution (1940)
(D) Direct Action Day Resolution
 
95. To which of these struggles did Gandhiji associate himself during 1916-1918 ?
(A) Champaran struggle     
(B) Kheda struggle     
(C) Rowlatt satyagrah     
(D) Both (A) and (B)
 
96. Which of the following funds was started to finance the Non-cooperation Movement ?
(A) Tilak Swaraj fund
(B) Non-cooperation fund
(C) Non-cooperation-Khilafat fund
(D) None of the above
 
97. The historic Dandi March of Gandhi began on
(A) January 31,1930       
(B) January 26,1930       
(C) March 12,1930      
(D) April 06,1930
 
98. After the creation of two new provinces of Sind and Orissa through the Govt, of India Act, 1935, the total no. of provinces in British India became
(A) 10       
(B) 11     
(C) 12      
(D) 13
 
100. Jamia Millia Islamia of Aligarh, the Bihar Vidyapith, the Kashi Vidyapith and Gujarat Vidyapith came into existence during the period of
(A) Swadeshi and Boycott Movement, 1905-1908
(B) Non-cooperation Movement, 1921-1922
(C) Civil Disobedience Movement, 1930-1934
(D) Quit India Movement, 1942-1943
 
 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2016

55. Which of the following resolutions of the Muslim League finally and formally proclaimed the Muslims of India as a Nation ?
(A) Karachi Resolution
(B) Lahore Resolution of 1940
(C) Deliverance Day Resolution
(D) Rahmat Ali Resolution
 
56. Who said about the Govt. of India Act. 1935 : “After all we framed the constitution …… of 1935 because we thought it the best way …….. to hold India to the empire” ?
(A) British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald
(B) Winston Churchill
(C) Viceroy Lord Linlithgow
(D) Sir Stafford Cripps
 
58. During the course of which movement did the incident of Chittagong armory raid take place ?
(A) Non-co-operation movement
(B) Bardoli Satyagraha
(C) Civil Disobedience Movement
(D) Quit India Movement
 
59. Which of the following organizations / persons did not approve of the Quit India Movement ?
(A) Muslim League    
(B) Hindu Mahasabha       
(C) B. R. Ambedkar      
(D) All of the above
 
60. Which of the following is not correctly matched ?
      Author                                Book
(A) Bipan Chandra – Communalism in Modern India
(B) Bipan Chandra – Nationalism and Colonialism in
                                 Modern India
(C) Sumit Sarkar    India’s struggle for
                                 Independence
(D) Sumit Sarkar     Modern India, 1885-1947
 
67. After the Surat split in 1907 the second split in the Congress took place in 1918 on the issue of-
(A) Lucknow Pact
(B) Election of Mrs. Annie Besant as President of the INC (1917)
(C) Both (A) and (B)
(D) Montague declaration
 
68. The First National Planning Committee was constituted by the Congress in 1938 under the Presidency of –
(A) Ambalal Sarabhai    
(B) Jawahar Lal Nehru  (Planning Commission President)
(C) Subhas Chandra Bose   (INC Precedent) 
(D) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
 
71. The three-member Cabinet Mission that visited India between March and June 1946, was headed by-
(A) Sir Stafford Cripps    
(B) Mr A.V. Alexander 
(C) Lord Pethick-Lawrrence
(D) Clement Attlee
 
74. During which period Gandhiji remained aloof from direct politics and concentrated his energies on constructive programmes ?
(A) 1919 -1922     
(B) 1922 – 1924      
(C) 1924 – 1927      
(D) 1928 – 1932
 
75. Who described the Quit India movement (1942) as “by far the most serious rebellion since 1857” ?
(A) Viceroy Lord Linlithgow     
(B) Franklin Roosevelt     
(C) Chiang Kai Shek     
(D) Winston Churchill
77. When and where was the all India Kisan Sabha formed ?
(A) 1930-Bombay      
(B) 1936-Lucknow      
(C) 1938 -Calcutta      
(D) 1942-Lucknow
 
78. Who acted as President of the Indian National Congress for Six Consecutive years
(1940-45)
(A) Jawahar Lal Nenru      
(B) Abul Kalam Azad      
(C) Motilal Nehru      
(D) Gopal Krishna Gokhale
 
80. Which of the following movements emerged in South India under the leadership of E.V. Ramaswamy Naicker “Periyar” ?  
(A) Self-respect Movement    
(B) Justice Party Movement    
(C) Mahar Movement    
(D) Sanskrit Movement
 
81. Which of the following women’s organisation came into existence in 1927 ?
(A) Women’s Indian Association
(B) National Council of women in India
(C) Bharat stree Mahamandal
(D) All India Women’s Conference
 
87. Who was the President of the Indian National Congress when Shimla Conference was convened by Lord Wavell in June-July, 1945 ?
(A) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
(B) Sardar Patel      
(C) Jawaharlal Nehru     
(D) A. K. Fazlul Haq
 
88. In which year Tebhaga Movement was launched in Bengal ?
(A) 1942     
(B) 1946       
(C) 1947     
(D) 1952
 
91. The Vaikom Satyagraha was launched in Kerala to
(Kerala – 1924)
(A) remove untouchability.
(B) ban the Devdasi Institutions for temple service
(C) force the temple authorities to appoint non Brahmins as priests.
(D) open the temples for the entry of the lower castes (avarnas).
 
94. Who moved a resolution at the Congress session in 1918 demanding equal eligibility for voting rights for both men and women ?
(A) Sarala Debi Choudhurani      
(B) Sarojini Naidu       
(C) Annie Beasant
(D) Basanti Devi
 
95. The historic Lucknow session (1916) of the I.N.C was presided over by-
(A) Ambika Charan Mozumdar     
(B) R.N. Mudhokar      
(C) Madan Mohan Malaviya     
(D) Rasbehari Bose
 
96. Which of the following movements was started by Swami Sahajanand Saraswati in Bihar ?
(1933-39)
(A) Zamidari Movement      
(B) Socialist Movement     
(C) Kisan Sabha Movement      
(D) Labour Movement
99. Which of the following was perhaps the most widespread, most intense and most organized peasant movement in the history of colonial India ?
(A) Tebhaga Movement     
(B) Telangana Movement      
(C) Indigo Movement     
(D) Deccan Riots
 
100. In which of the following movements prominent women leaders like Sucheta Kripalani and Aruna Asaf Ali took the responsibility of coordinating the movement in the face of unprecedented police repression ?
(A) Civil Disobedience Movement     
(B) Quit India Movement       
(C) Both (A) and (B)       
(D) RIN Mutiny
 
105. Which one of the following periods of trade union movement in India witnessed growing influence of communist ideology on trade unionism for the first time ?
(A) 1918-1924
(B) 1924-1934
(C) 1934-1939
(D) 1939-1945
 
108. In which year the Indian capitalist class organized itself under the banner of FICCI ?
(A) 1922
(B) 1927      
(C) 1930       
(D) 1932
 
111. The “Breakdown Plan” in 1945 for transfer of power in India had been proposed by –
(A) Winston Churchil       
(B) Viceroy Lord Wavell      
(C) Lord Mountbatten     
(D) Clement Attlee
 
115. At the time of which of the following events / movements Jawaharlal Nehru admitted that : “Never before in history had such unified sentiments been manifested by various divergent sections of the population” ?
(A) Quit India Movement      
(B) Imphal campaign of the INA        
(C) INA Trial        
(D) RIN mutiny
 
116. Which of the following movements were ‘temple entry’ movement organized in early 20th century ?
(A) Vaikkam Satyagraha 1924-25
(B) Guruvayur Satyagraha (1931-33) in Malabar
(C) Munshiganj Kali temple Satyagraha in Bengal (1929)
(D) All of the above
 
120. In 1940 January, in his letter to C. F. Andrews, who was described by Gandhiji as “my son”- but a “spoilt child of the family” ?
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru      
(B) Minoo Masani       
(C) Muhammad Ali Jinnah
(D) Subhas Chandra Bose
 
121. Which of the following statements is / are correct about the Civil Disobedience Movement ?
(i) There was a discernible absence of Hindu-Muslim unity.
(ii) The movement received a massive business support.
(iii) There was large scale women’s participation
(iv) From September, 1930 onwards the movement began to decline.
      Choose the answer from codes given below :
(A) (i) and (ii)        
(B) (ii) and (iv)       
(C) (ii) and (iii)       
(D) All of the above
 
123. On the basis of which formula / plan Gandhiji, in April 1944 proposed talks with Jinnah which Jinnah refused to accept ?
(A) August offer       
(B) Wavell       
(C) Rajaji formula       
(D) 3rd June Plan
 
118. The labour movement in India Primarily owes its origin to
(A) draft recommendations of the Washington International Labour Conference
(B) economic depression.
(C) the General awakening following the First World War
(D) the efforts of the Indian National Congress.
 
 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2015

101.  Subhas Chandra Bose fought the presidential election in 1939 on the ground that
(A) He did not like the nomination of Sitaramayya
(B) He pleaded for elections instead of nominations
(C) He was opposed to Gandhiji
(D) He favored an aggressive policy which was opposed by the Congress Leaders
 
103.  The lower castes tried to assert themselves by borrowing and imitating customs and manners of the upper castes. This was termed as Sanskritisation by
(A) M. K. Gandhi       
(B) Bernard Cohn       
(C) B. R. Ambedkar       
(D) M. N. Srinivas
 
104.  Who among the following was not a member of the Congress Socialist Party, although he encouraged and blessed its formation ?
(A) Achyuta Patwardhan       
(B) Jawaharlal Nehru       
(C) Jayaprakash Narayan     
(D) Acharya Narendra Dev
 
105.  The Congress president who conducted negotiations with Cripps in 1942 and Wavell at the Simla Conference was
(A) Abul Kalam Azad       
(B) Jawahar Lal Nehru       
(C) J. B. Kripalani        
(D) C. Rajagopalachari
 
106.  Which one of the following adumbrated principles and constitutional provisions which were later incorporated in the Montague-Chelmsford Reforms ?
(A) Nehru Report        
(B) Wavell Plan        
(C) Lucknow Pact        
(D) Poona Pack
 
108.  The Whitley Commission was concerned with
(1929)
(A) Labour       
(B) Education       
(C) Public Health       
(D) Reorganisation of Civil Service
 
110.  Who designed the National Flag of India, adopted by the Constituent Assembly on July 21, 1947 ?
(A) Badar-ud-din-Tyabji     
(B) Rabindranath Tagore      
(C) Abanindranath Tagore     
(D) Abul Kalam Azad
 
112.  Which of the following is correctly paired ?
(A) Antipartition and Swadeshi Movements – Lord Lansdowne
(B) Factory Act of 1891 – Lord Curzon
(C) Establishment of an agricultural Research Institution at pusa – Lord Minto
(D) Rowlatt Act – Lord Chelmsford
 
114.  Who described Bal Gangadhar Tilak as the ‘father of Indian unrest’ ?
(A) Valentine Chirol      
(B) Disrachi        
(C) Minto – II        
(D) Chelmsford
 
117.  Tamil journal, Kudi Arasu was founded by whom ?
(1925)
(A) Anna Durai      
(B) P. Tyagaraja Ehetti       
(C) T.M.Nair        
(D) E.V. Ramaswamy Periyar
122.  All the established political parties and groups, except two, boycotted Simon commission, which were those two ?
(i) Hindu Mahasabha      
(ii) Justice Party       
(iii) Muslim League      
(iv) Punjab Unionists
Choose the correct answer from the codes given below
(A) ii and iii       
(B) i and ii        
(C) iv and ii       
(D) iii and iv
 
123.  Which of the following is correctly matched ?
(A) Formation of the All India Kisan Sabha – 1935
(B) Foundation of the Congress Socialist party – 1934
(C) Foundation of the Forward Block – 1936
(D) Foundation of the Communist Party of India – 1939
 
124.  What is the name of the newspaper published by the ‘Indian Muslim League’ ?
(A) Quam        
(B) Inquilab        
(C) Star of India       
(D) Dawn
 
125.  When was the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) founded ?
(A) 1905       
(B) 1907       
(C) 1917        
(D) 1927
 
126.  Who said : ‘This orderly disciplined anarchy should go, and if as a result there is complete lawlessness I would risk it’ ?
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru        
(B) Mahatma Gandhi       
(C) Rajagopalachari      
(D) Ballav Bhai Patel
 
127.  Who said : ‘The Muslims were fools to ask for safeguard and the Hindus were greater fools to refuse them’ ?
(A) Jawaharlal Nehru        
(B) Abul Kalam Azad 
(C) Muhammed Ali       
(D) Subhas Bose
 
128.  Who made the ‘Dipawali Diclaration’ and when
(A) Lord Irwin in 1929       
(B) Lord Linlithgow in 1940    
(C) Gandhi 1930       
(D) Subhas Bose in 1941
 
129.  Who among the following capitalist served as a AICC treasurer for many years and went to jail in 1930  ?
(A) G. D. Birla       
(B) Jamunalal Bajaj
(C) J. R. D. Tata       
(D) Walchand Hirachand
 
130.  Who among the following played an important role in the signing of the Gandhi Irwin pact ?
(i) Motilal Nehru      
(ii) Tej Bahadur Sapru      
(iii) Madanmohan Malaviya     
(iv) Jayakar     
(v) Chintamani
     Select the correct answer from the codes given below :
(A) i and ii         
(B) ii and iv      
(C) ii and iii      
(D) iv and v
 
133.  Which of the following groups did not get separate electorates by the Act of 1935 ?
(A) Anglo-Indians      
(B) Indian Christian       
(C) Europeans       
(D) Depressed Classes
 
138.  What is the Chronological sequence of the following happenings ?
(i) August Declaration       
(ii) Lucknow Pact        
(iii) Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre      
(iv) Khaira Satyagraha
      Select the answer from the codes given below  ?
(A) iv, ii, iii and i       
(B) iii, i, ii and iv
(C) ii, iv, i and iii        
(D) ii, i, iv and iii
 
139.  Arrange the following events in chronological order
(i) Champaran Satyagraha     
(ii) Launching of the Khilafat Movement   
(iii) Reunion of the Congress   
(Iv) Nagpur session of the Congress
      Choose the correct answer from the codes given below :
(A) iii, i, ii and iv      
(B) iii, i , iv and ii      
(C) i, iii, iv and ii      
(D) i, iv, iii and ii
 
140.  Which of the following newspapers / journals was from Maharashtra ? 
(1927)
(A) Kranti        
(B) Atmashakti        
(C) Sarathi      
(D) Sandhya
 
 

WBCS Main Question Paper – 2014

63.  Who of the following founded the Independent Labour Party in 1936 ?
(A) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar      
(B) M.C. Rajah     
(C) Jagjiban Ram      
(D) Jayaprakash Narayan
 
64.  Who was the first Indian woman to become the President of Indian National Congress
(1925)
(A) Aruna Asaf Ali     
(B) Sucheta Kripalani       
(C) Sarojini Naidu      
(D) Vijayalakshmi Pandit
 
65.  The first venture of Gandhi in all-India politics was the :
(A) Dandi March     
(B) Champaran Movement       
(C) Rowlatt Satyagraha
(D) Non-Cooperation Movement
 
66.  Who among the following organized the defense in the trial of I.N.A. Officers :
(A) Bhulabhai Desai
(B) Madan Mohan Malaviya
(C) Dr. Saifuddin Kitchlew 
(D) Gauesh Vasudev Mavalankar
 
67.  The Indian National Army (l.N.A.) came into existence in 1943 in:
(A) Singapore
(B) Japan
(C) Then Barma
(D) Then Malaya
  
69.  Who gave the slogan ‘Inquilab Zindabad’
(Maulana Hasrat Mohani in 1921)
(A) Bhagat Sing      
(B) Hasrat Mohani
(C) S. C. Bose     
(D) M. K. Gandhi
 
80.  Who led the peasant movement in Oudh during the Non-cooperation Movement ?
(A) Mahatma Gandhi       
(B) Baba Ramchandra      
(C) Madari pasi     
(D) Sardar Ballav Bhai Patel
 
(A) Lord William Bentinck
(B) Lord Canning
(C) Lord Mountbatten
(D) Chakraborty Raja Gopalachari
 
85.  What was the primary aim of the Akali movement which rose in the Punjab in 1920s ?
(A) To voice the political grievances of the Sikhs
(B) To bring about modernization in the Sikh social customs
(C) To streamline the management of the Gurudwaras or Sikh Shrines
(D) To purge Sikhism of its superstitious accretions and irrational incrustations.
 
86.  Which of the following was not included in the Nehru Committee Report of 1929 ?
(A) India should be given Dominion Status
(B) Declaration of Fundamental Rights was made
(C) Separate Electorate for Muslims was rejected
(D) It proposed a Federal structure for India
87.  When was the All-India Kisan Sabha formed ?
(A) 1991     
(B) 1920     
(C) 1928      
(D) 1936
 
88.  The first free university in India, completely independent of the Government and receiving no grant from it, was :
(1921)
(A) Vishva Bharati, Shantiniketan   
(B) Aligarh Muslim University
(C) Women’s University, Pune
(D) Benaras Hindu University
 
89.  Who did the Tribune of Lahore refer to in its observation “If ever a man died a hero and martyr to a noble cause, that man was” ?
(A) Bhagat Singh       
(B) Jatindra Nath Das     
(C) Chandra Sekhar Azad     
(D) Surya Sen
 
90. The Justice Party movement in Madras merged with the :
(A) Self-respect League     
(B) Dravida Kazhagam
(C) Both (A) and (B) above     
(D) Depressed Classes League
 
91.  Arrange the following events in chronological order and make the correct choice from the options given below :-
1. Death of Bal Gangadhar Tilak
2. Nagpur session of the Congress
3. The Moplah Uprising
4. The inauguration of Visva Bharati at Santiniketan
(A) 4, 3, 2, 1    
(B) 3, 4, 2, 1      
(C) 1, 2, 3, 4     
(D) 3, 2, 4, 1
 
92.  Both the transfer of power and partition of India were hurried through in how many days :
(A) 94     
(B) 86       
(C) 72     
(D) 68
 
94.  The first tribal leader who was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi and his ideology was :
(A) Jadonang     (Naga leader)
(B) Rani Gaidinliu     
(C) Alluri Sitaram Raju    
(D) Thakkar Bapa
 
96.  Mahatma Gandhi gave the title of Sardar to Vallabhbhai Patel for his great organizational skill in : 
(1928)
(A) The Kheda Satyagraha
(B) The Bardoli Satyagraha
(C) The Salt Satyagraha
(D) The Individual Satyagraha
 
98.  Which is the correct pair  ?
(A) Malavya and Jayakar
(B) Vithalbhai and Malavya
(C) Motilal Nehru and Malavya
(D) C. R. Das and Motilal Nehru
 
100.  Who said on Gandhiji’s death “The tiger has gone out of our lives” ?
(A) J. L. Nehru      
(B) Rajendra Prasad      
(C) S. Radha Krishnan     
(D) Bidhan Chandra Roy
 
 
 

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