Ancient India

Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2019
71. Where did Gautama Buddha attain Nirvana (enlightenment) ?
(A) Lumbini       
(B) Sarnath      
(C) Kusinagar       
(D) Bodh Gaya
 
72. Who wrote Mrichhakatikam ?
(A) Vishakhasdatta      
(B) Shudrak      
(C) Banabhatta      
(D) Bhas
 
73. Who among the following succeeded Samudragupta as the next ruler of the Gupta dynasty ?
(A) Chandragupta II       
(B) Vishnugupta      
(C) Chandragupta I      
(D) Skandagupta
 
74. The inscriptions of Ashoka and the Brahmi scripts were deciphered by
(A) Alexander Cunningham      
(B) James Princep       
(C) Max Muller       
(D) Mortimer Wheeler
 
75. Which among the following places have given the earliest evidence of agriculture in Indian sub-continent ?
(A) Pratapgarh       
(B) Mehrgarh       
(C) Quetta        
(D) Kalat
 
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2018
105. Who was the writer of ‘Buddha Charita’?
(a) Buddhaghosha                    
(b) Ashvaghosha
(c) Nagarjuna                           
(d) Panini
 
111. Which among the following Harappan sites is not located in Gujrat?
(a) Surkotada              (b) Lothal
(c) Dholavira               (d) Banwali
 
116. Which kingdom covered the modern Patna and Gaya districts of Bihar?
(a) Anga                  (b) Kosala
(c) Magadha           (d) Avanti
 
125. Who came to India during the time of Chandragupta Maurya?
(a) Faxian [Fa Hien]                   
(b) Xuanzang [Hiuen Tsang]
(c) Megasthenes                       
(d) Strabo
 
131. Where did Gautama Buddha deliver his first sermon?
(a) Bodh Gaya       
(b)Shravasti
(c) Sarnath                            
(d) Vaishali
 
136. Who was referred to as ‘Sandrocottus’ in the writings of the Greeks?
(a) Asoka                                               
(b) Bindusara
(c) Chandragupta Maurya                   
(d) Dhanananda
 
150. Which Gupta ruler repulsed Huna invasion?
(a) Samudragupta                   
(b) Chandragupta II
(c) Skandagupta                    
(d) Kumaragupta
 
156. Who was the author of “Brihatsamhita”
(a) Aryabhatta            (b) Varahamihira
(c) Amarasimha         (d) Brahmagupta
 
162. Which historian is famous for his research on Ancient Indian History?
(a) Sathis Chandra                          
(b) Bipan Chandra
(c) Ram Sharan Sharma                
(d) Amalesh Tripathi
 
167. Who assumed the title of ‘Gangaikondachola’?
(a) Rajendra I           (b) Rajaraja I
(c) Rajadhiraja I        (d) Kulotunga I
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2017
86. Which of the following is a Harappan site located in Rajasthan ?   
Mohenjo Daro                     
Suktagen Dor                     
Kalibangan                    
Lothal
 
77. The Mauryan ruler who used the name ‘ Piyadasi’ in his official declaration was   
Bimbisara                    
Ashoka                    
Chandragupta Maurya            
Brihaddrata
 
85. Which Magadha ruler was known as ‘ Seniya”   
Bimbisara                       
Ajatshatru                  
Mahapadma Nanda        
Chandragupta Maurya
 
87. The famous physician during Budhha’s time was   
Kautilya       
Nachiketa   
Charaka   
Jivaka
 
76. The author of ‘Kadambari ‘ was   
Kshemendra       
Kalhana   
Bhababhuti       
Banabhatta 
 
78. The Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang came to India during the reign of   
SamudraGupta   
Ashoka       
Harshavardhan    
Kulotunga
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2016
189.   Who is considered as the father of Indian Archaeology ?
(A) Alexander Cunningham     
(B) Gordon Child       
(C) Mortimer Wheeler      
(D) John Marshall
 
26.  The decline of the Nandas at the hands of Kautilya and Chandragapta Maurya has been vividly portrayed in the Sanskrit Play.   
(A) Mrichhakatika       
(B) Devi Chandragupta       
(C) Mattavilasa        
(D) Mudrarakshasa (Vishakhadatta)
 
27.  The most famous Indo-Greek ruler of India was :
(A) Demetrius       
(B) Antiochus I        
(C) Menander      
(D) None of the above
 
31.  Which King founded the Vikramaslla University  ?
(A) Dharmapala        
(B) Dhruva       
(C) Devapala       
(D) Ballal Sen
 
40.  Who were the participants in the tripartite struggle in northern India from the 8th to the 10th Century ?
(A) Palas, Cholas, Pallavas        
(B) Palas, Pratiharas, Rashtrakutas
(C) Cholas, Pratiharas, Rashtrakutas     
(D) Palas, Cholas, Rashtrakutas
 
193.   Rice cultivation is associated with the Harappan site of :
(A) Kalibangan        
(B) Lothal      
(C) Kot Diji       
(D) Ropar
 
196.   The Upanishadas were compiled around :
(A) 600 BC        
(B) 800 BC      
(C) 1000 BC      
(D) 1600-600 BC
 
199.  According to Buddhism the cause of all sorrows is :
(A) Maya          (B) Kama       
(C) Trishna     (D) Krodh
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2015
76.   The author of Kadambari was  
(A) Khemendra     
(B) Kalhana      
(C) Bhababhuti       
(D) Banabhatta 
 
189.  Which was the ancient port of Indus Civilization ?
(A) Harappa        (B) Lothal  
(C) Dholavira      (D) Surkotada
 
193.  Which of the following was a Buddhist genealogical text  ?
(A) Suttapitaka      
(B) Vinayapitaka       
(C) Abhidharnmapitaka       
(D) Dipavansa
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2014
48.  Which ruler was contemporary of both Buddha and Mahavira ?
(A) Bimbisara      
(B) Chandragupta       
(C) Pradyot      
(D) Ajatasatru
 
67.  Which was a major port of the Indus valley ?
(A) Lothal            (B) Kalibangan      
(C) Chanhudaro   (D) Mehargarh
 
84.  Chandragupta Maurya was succeeded by 
(A) Bindusara      (B) Ajatasatru     
(C) Ashoka           (D) Harsha
 
93.  What was the policy of Samudragupta in the south ? 
(A) Conquest      
(B) Dharma Vijaya      
(C) Digvijay       
(D) None of the above
 
112.  The oldest Veda is
(A) Atharvaveda         
(B) Rigveda       
(C) Yajurveda       
(D) Samveda
 
118.   Sasanka belonged to the 
(A) Pal dynasty      
(B) Sen dynasty       
(C) Gauda dynasty      
(D) Kamrup dynasty
 
168.  Alexander fought against Perus on the Banks of the river
(A) Indus    (B) Jhelum       
(C) Ravi      (D) lravati
 
176.  Who is the author of ‘Indica’ ?
(A) Herodotus        
(B) Megastenes       
(C) Strabo      
(D) Plutarch
 
184.  Taxila was the famous site of 
(A) Early Vedic Age       
(B) Gandhara Art      
(C) Gupta Art      
(D) Mauryan Art
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2013
59.  The great Bath was found in —
(A) Lothal      
(B) Harappa       
(C) Mohen-jo-daro      
(D) Kalibangan
 
63.  Who composed ‘Ai-hole prasasti’  ?
(A) Kautilya        
(B) Rabikirti      
(C) Harisena      
(D) Nayanikar
 
70.  Buddha was born in —
(A) 523 B.C.       
(B) 563 B.C.    
(C) 623 B.C.    
(D) 602 B.C
 
76.  The first permanent home of the Aryans in India was —
(A) Punjab      (B) Rajasthan       
(C) Sindh         (D) Gujarat
 
81.  Who of the following put up a stiff resistance against Alexander ?
(A) Ambhi       (B) Mahapadma        
(C) Porus       (D) All of the above
 
85.  In his inscriptions, Ashoka calls himself 
(A) Priyadarshi      
(B) Dhammasoka      
(C) Daivaputra       
(D) Devanampriya Priyadarsin
 
89.  Which of the following Gupta rulers was known as Vikramaditya ?
(A) Chandragupta-I      
(B) Samudragupta        
(C) Chandragupta-II
(D) Skandagupta
 
94.  In which year did Muhammad-bin-Qasim conquer Sind ?
(A) 712 AD       (B) 715 AD     
(C) 718 AD        (D) 721 AD
 
98.  How many times did Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni (1002 –1030) invade India ?
(A) 12     (B) 17    
(C) 5       (D) 20
 
105.  Who introduced Kaulinya system in Bengal ?
(A) Gopala       
(B) Ballal Sen  (1160 – 79)    
(C) Lakshana sen     
(D) Dharmapala
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2012
48.  Who composed the Allahabad Prasasti of Sumudragupta ?
(A) Kalhana      
(B) Bilhana       
(C) Banabhatta        
(D) Harisena
 
67.  In which ancient text you will find the earliest reference to the Varna System ?
(A) Manu Samhita        
(B) Rigveda   (Purusha Suktam)   
(C) Atharva Veda      
(D) Satapatha Brahmana
 
84.  Who among the Gupta rulers was known as ‘Lichchavi-dauhitra’ ?
(A) Samudragupta      
(B) Chandragupta II      
(C) Kumargupta     
(D) Skandagupta
 
93.  Who was the Kaivartta chief who rebelled against the Pala ruler Mahipala II of Bengal ? [Varendra rebellion]
(A) Dhekata      
(B) Gandhata           
(C) Divya         
(D) Mayuraddhwaja
 
118.  The Khalimpur Copper Plate inform us about the military exploit of Pala ruler
(A) Devapala     
(B) Rampala        
(C) Dharampala     
(D) Mahipala
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2011
27.  The first metal discovered by man was
(A) Iron       (B) Aluminium       
(C) Zinc      (D) Copper
 
44.  The main Buddhist religious texts are written in
(A) Prakrit      
(B) Sanskrit       
(C) Pali      
(D) Ardha magadhi
 
58.  Alexander stayed in India for
(A) 16 months      
(B) 19 months      
(C) 20 months      
(D) 24 months
 
72.  An important port in the time of Satavahanas was
(A) Sopara      
(B) Tamralipta       
(C) Calicut      
(D) Cochin
 
103.  Who was known as Amitraghata ?
(A) Bimbisara        
(B) Bindusara      
(C) Asok      
(D)  Kalasoka
 
110.  Who issued the Nasik Prasasti (Inscription) ?
(A) Gautamiputra Satakarni     
(B) Samudragupta      
(C) Harshavardhan    
(D) Dharmapala
 
120.  The Lion capital of currency notes was discovered from
(A) Bharut       
(B) Sanchi      
(C) Bodh Gaya      
(D) Sarnath
 
160.  Gopal was the founder of    
(A) Pala dynasty  (750–1174)
(B) Pallava dynasty   
(C) Pratihara dynasty   
(D) Chalukya dynasty
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2010
48.  To which period of Indian history did Aryabhatta and Varahamihira (Scientist and Mathematician respectively) belong ?   
(A) Maurya period        
(B) Gupta period  (Vikramaditya)  
(C) Pala period      
(D) Delhi Sultanate
 
67.  With the people of which country Harappan people carried trade ?
(A) China        (B) Iran       
(C) Russia      (D) Sumer
 
69.  The oldest school of Indian Philosophy is
(A) Yoga       
(B) Samkhya       
(C) Vaisesika      
(D) Karma Mimansa
 
81.  Who was Megasthenes ?
(A) Ambassador of Seleucus       
(B) Prime Minister of Chandragupta Maurya
(C) A Greek pilgrim       
(D) A Chinese traveller
 
86.  Who was the author of Rajtarangini ?
(A) Kautilya       
(B) Megasthenes        
(C) Kalhan       
(D) None of the above
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2009
59.  Who discovered the Indus Valley Civilization ?   
(A) Sir Leonard Wooley      
(B) V. S.Agarwal        
(C) Rakhaldas Banerjee (1921-22)
(D) A. L. Basham
 
63.  Which metal was unknown to the Indus people  ?
(A) Copper       (B) Iron       
(C) Bronze       (D) Gold
 
70.  During which period the Vedic Literature was composed ?
(A) 1000 B.C.     
(B) 3000 B.C. – 2500 B.C.     
(C) 1500 B.C – 1000 B.C.     
(D) 1200 B.C. – 1000 B.C.
 
76.  The word Aryan denotes
(A) Cultivation       
(B) A race      
(C) Pastoral society     
(D) Brahmachari
 
81.  The “Tripitaka” was written in
(A) Brahmi    (B) Kharosti        
(C) Pali         (D) Sanskrit
 
85.  How many Tirthankars were there in ancient India ?
(A) 16      (B) 22     
(C) 23      (D) 24
 
89.  Name the last Tirthankara      (1st Rishabhanatha)
(A) Parsvanath      
(B) Mahavira      
(C) Siddhartha     
(D) Silbhadra
 
94.  Who was the founder of the Nanda dynasty ?   
(A) Bimbisara        
(B) Mahapadmananda      
(C) Ajatasatru      
(D) Dhananda
 
98.   Who in ancient India assumed the title ‘amitraghata’  ?
(A) Ajatasatru     
(B) Chandragupta Maurya       
(C) Bindusara     
(D) Asoka
 
105.  Who introduced the Saka era ?   (78 AD)
(A) Bhumaka      
(B) Nahapana       
(C) Rudradaman        
(D) Kanishka   (78-110)
 
116.  When did the Mathura School of Art flourish ?
(A) Sunga period      
(B) Satavahana period     
(C) Saka period     
(D) Kushana period
 
120.  Who was the founder of the Gupta dynasty ?
(A) Chandragupta I      
(B) Srigupta      
(C) Samudragupta     
(D) Skanuagupta
 
125.  Which emperor has been called ‘Napoleon of India’ ?
(A) Asoka      
(B) Kanishka       
(C) Samudragupta     
(D) Chandragupta II Vikramaditya
 
129.  Where was the capital of Sasanka ?   
(A) Samatata       
(B) Tamralipta       
(C) Karnasuvarna       
(D) Lakhnawati
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2008
28. Who wrote ‘Ramcharita’ ?      (Pala dynesty)
(A)   Banabhatta      
(B) Kalidasa     
(C) Sandhyakara Nandi     
(D) Tutsi Das 
 
32. The Vikramasila-Vihara was founded by
(A)  Mahipala I 
(B) Devapala     
(C) Surapala     
(D) Dharmapala  
 
34. Chandra gupta Maury defeated
(A)   Poros  
(B) Alexander 
(C)  Seleukas          
(D) Ambhi 
 
48. Sulapani was a famous artist of the
(A) Kushana Period
(B) Gupta Period
(C) Pala Period 
(D) Sena Period  
 
59. Who was the Court poet of Samudra Gupta ?
(A) Asvaghosha    
(B) Nagarjuna   
(C) Aryabhatta    
(D) Harishena 
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2007
66. Who Was the Chola King to have conquered Bengal?
(A) Rajaraja   
(B) Rajendra Chola I  (1014-44)  
(C) Rajendra Chola II 
(D) Rajadhiraja 
 
91. In which year was “Sakabda” started?
(A) 78 A.D.   
(B) 58 B.C.  
(C) 273 B.C.   
(D) 420 A.D. 
 
122. Which rulers introduced gold coins in India for the first time?
(A) Sakas    (B) Mauryas  
(C) Guptas  (D) Kushanas 
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2006
78. Indus-valley civilization is called.
(a) Urban         (b) Rural 
(c) Stone Age  (d) Iron Age 
 
123. According to Ceylonese tradition Buddha’s Parinirbana took place in.
(a) 483 B.C    (b) 486 B.C 
(c) 543 B.C    (d) 546 B.C 
 
124. The Principal Sacred Book of the Buddhists is
(a) Tripitaka  
(b) Astha
(c) Panchapatika 
(d) Astanga Marga 
 
143. Charbak was the name of a 
(a) Religions School of thoughts
(b) Doctor
(c) Science Scholar
(d) Wrestler 
 
182. Sandhyakar Nandi was    (Pala dynasty)
(a) Writer of ‘Ramcharita Kavya’    
(b) Court poest of Chandra Gupta II
(c) Writer of Doha            
(d) Medical practitioner 
 
194. The ‘Ratha temples’ of Mahabalipuram were constructed in the reign of  (630-80, Pallava, Tamil nadu)
(a) Pulakeshin II   
(b) Narasingha Varman I
(c) Raja Raja   
(d) Rajcndra Chola   
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2005
118. Who is known as ‘Kunik’ in the history of India?  
(a) Bimbisara    
(b) Ajatasharu 
(c) Bindusara
(d) Aslioka 
 
125. Surya-Siddhanta was authored by  
(a) Aryabhatta
(b) Barahamihir 
(c) Bararuchi
(d) Sushruta
 
129. Who among the following kings performed ‘AsvamedhYajna’?  
(a) Pulakesin I        
(b) Kirtivarman 
(c) Pulakesin II
(d) Mangalesh 
 
146. Who was the founder of the Satavahana dynasty?    
(a) Simuk
(b) Krishna 
(c) Satakarni I
(d) Gautamiputra Satakarni 
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2004
41. Who was the first historical emperor of India?
(A) Biinbisara   
(B) Mahapadmananda
(C) Chandragupta Maurya    
(D) Vikramaditya  
 
76. ‘Fo-Kuo-King’ was authored by whom?   ( Chandragupta II)
(A) It-Tsing   
(B) Fa-Hien
(C) Hiuen Tsang  
(D) Megasthenes  
 
81. Who was populary known as “Indian Machiavelli”?
(A) Chanakya   
(B) Nana Farnabis
(C) Abul Fazl   
(D) Alivardi Khan  
 
83. Who was the first independent King of Bengal?
(A) Sasanka   
(B) King Ganesh
(C) Gopala   
(D) Mahasengupta’        
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2003
78. ‘Divya’ was the leader of the
(A) Kaivarta Rebellion 
(B) Kol Rebellion
(C) Munda Rebellion 
(D) Santal Rebellion 
 
31. Asokan Brahmi was first read by  
(A) Cunningham       
(B) Princep   
(C) R.L. Mitra     
(D) Burgess  
 
38. Sandhyakara nandi was the court poet of the
(A) Pratiharas       
(B) Rashtrakutas
(C) Senas   
(D) Palas 
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2002
27. Which of the following was not a part of the Tripitaka (three baskets)?
(A) Jatakas        
(B) Vinaya (350 BC)     
(C) Sutta (300 BC)     
(D) Abhidhamma 
 
28. According to Buddhist tradition Chandragupta Maurya belonged to the Moriya tribe of
(A) Shudras         
(B) Vaishyas     
(C) Brahmanas      
(D) Kshatriyas 
 
37. Which of the following are true with regard to the Gandhara School of Art?
(i)  Buddha’s figure appears here for the first time, 
(ii)  Its craftsmen used white stone to make images, 
(iii)  It was also known as Greco Buddhist Art.
(iv)  Its figure were superior to Mathura School of Art. 
(A)  i, ii and iii  (B) i and ii 
(C) i and iv        (D) iii and iv  
 
38. Whom does the Gayatri mantra in the Rig Veda address?  (Vishvamitra)
(A) Indra     (B) Agni
(C) Savitri  (D) Ushas 
 
54. The original name of the Seet which later came to be known as ‘Jaina’ was
(A) Tirthankaras       
 (B) Jina        
(C) Nigranthas        
(D) Arhant 
 
68. The Kalinga war is mentioned in the  (262 – 261 BC)
(A) 13th Rock Edict   
(B) 12th Rock Edict 
(C) Bhabru Rock Edict  
(D) 8th Rock Edict 
 
93. Who of the following were the first rulers to mamke land grants to the Brahmanas?
(A) Shungas      
(B) Kanvas   
(C) Satabahanas     
(D) Shakas and Kushanas. 
 
95. The Indus Valley Civilization belongs to the
(A) Neolithic Period   
(B) Paleolitihic period 
(C) Mesolithic period 
(D) Chalcolithic period. 
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2001
23.    The finest specimen of Pallava architecture’are
(A)  Temples at Madurai     
(B)  Temples at Tanjore
(C) Kailashnath Temple at Ellora
(D) Rock-cut Ratha temples at Mahabalipurarn  
 
63. The greatest scholar of Medical Science during Gupta Age 
(A) Bhatta   
(B) Bana 
(C) Charaka      
(D)Bhagabhatta 
 
76. Buddhist doctrines are contained in
(A) Jatakas   
(B) Satapaths
(C) Upanishads  
(D) Dhammapadas  
 
85. The most important source of information for the municipal administration of the city of Pataliputra in the Mauryan empire is
(A) Indra   
(B) Arthasastra
(C) Mudrarakshasa  
(D) Asokan inscriptions
 
108. Which of the following Gods does not belong to the Rigvedic period?
(A) Indra      (B) Maruts      
(C) Shiva    (D) Aditi 
 
166. Whose contemporary was famous grammarian Patanjali?
(A) Agni Mitra Sunga 
(B) Pushya Mitra Sunga
(C) Vasudeva Kanva 
(D) Gautami Putra Satakami 
 
167. Chalukyas established their empire in
(A) Gujrat   
(B) Malwa
(C) Deccan    
(D) Far South India 
 
 
Questions Paper – WBCS Prelims – 2000
72. ‘Sabha’ & ‘Samiti’ are two democratic institutaion of
(A)  Rigvedic Aryan  
(B)  Dravidans
(C)  Hilly Trides of India 
(D)  Indius valley people 
 
73. ‘Indica’ was written by
(A)  Gondopbharnes  
(B)  Megasthenes
(C)  Vincent Smith  
(D)  Wiliam 
 
74. ‘Allahabad Pillar’ inscription was penned by.
(A)  Harisena   
(B)  Ravikirti
(C)  Rudradaman  
(D)  Banabhatta 
 
76. ‘Si-U-Ki’ was authored by
(A)  Huen-Tsang  
(B)  Fa-Hien
(C)  Megasthences  
(D)  I-Tsing 
 
77. ‘Ankorvat’ was built by   (Combodia, 12th century)
(A)  Chandragupta II  
(B)  Aryabhatta 
(C)  Suryavarman   
(D)  Kaniska 
 
78. The famed mathematician of ancient India was
(A)  Kalhana    
(B)  Aryabhatta 
(C)  Rudrasena   
(D)  Abul Fazal
 
 
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