Before 1857 & Revolt – WBCS Mains


WBCS Mains – 2018

110. What was the plausible reason for the English to take up additional fortifications of Calcutta?
a) To protect English trade from local disturbances
b) To protect themselves from the French on the occasion of ‘Seven Years War’
c) The English discounted like many others the chances of Siraj ud daula’s accession and hence paid scant respect to his authority.
d) To strengthen their establishments in Bengal
 
111. Which one of the following conspirators against Siraj ud daulah was duped by a forged agreement paper by Robert Clive?
a) Mir Zafar
b) Khwaja Wazid
c) Rai Durlabh
d) Umi Chand
 
112. Who was the author of Siyar-ul-Mutakherin?
a) Gulam Hussein
b) Arif Muhammad
c) Nasir Hussein
d) Shahabuddin
 
113. Arrange the following events related to Anglo-Mysore War in the proper chronological order and choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
i) Battle of Porto Novo
ii) Treaty of Mangalore
iii) Treaty of Madras
iv) Treaty of Seringapatam
a) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
b) (iii), (i), (ii), (iv)
c) (iv), (iii), (ii), (i)
d) (iii), (ii), (iv), (i)
 
114. Who was the last Governor General of Fort William in Bengal?
a) Warren Hastings
b) Lord Cornwallis
c) Lord Bentinck
d) Viscount Canning
 
115. Assertion (A) : The Carnatic War has attained a celebrity in history which is not fully justified either by the immediate issues involved or by the incidents of the war itself.
Reason (R) : For nearly twenty years the Carnatic became the scene of a long drawn contest between French and the English which led to the ultimate overthrow of the French power in India with repercussions also in Bengal which produced unexpected and momentous results.
a) If the Assertion (A) is correct but Reason (R) is wrong.
b) If (A) is wrong but (R) is correct.
c) If both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) explains (A).
d) If both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) does not explain (A).
 
116. Which of the following statements is/are true about Regulating Act, 1773?
i) It introduced Parliamentary supervision over the company and modified its constitution both in England and in India.
ii) It made changes in the constitution of the Court of Directors.
iii) The Government of Bengal was vested in a Governor General and a council of 4 members.
iv) The Governor General in council could control the subordinate Presidencies of Bombay and Madras in matters relating to War and Peace.
a) (i) and (ii)
b) (ii) and (iii)
c) (iii) and (iv)
d) All of the above
 
118. Which of the following conditions didn’t prompt the making of Mahaiwari Settlement?
a) To curb the refractory and oppressive nature of the Taluqdars.
b) Need to maximise revenue.
c) Protecting the rights of the present proprietors to ensure improvement of agriculture.
d) Influence of the Ricardian theory of Rent.
 
119. During the first century of British rule there were a series of ‘restorative rebellions’ started by disaffected local rulers. Arrange the following revolts in chronological order and choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
i) Paik rebellion led by Jagabandhu
ii) Poligar rebellion led by Kaltabomman
iii) Kittur uprising led by Queen Chennamma
iv) Travancore revolt led by Velu Thampi
a) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
b) (ii), (iii), (i), (iv)
c) (i), (iv), (ii), (iii)
d) (ii), (i), (iv), (iii)
 
120. Some of the peasant rebellion were participated exclusively by the tribal population. Arrange the following tribal movements chronologically by and choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
i) Gudem Rampa rebellion led by Alluri Sitaramaraju
ii) Kol rebellion led by Buddha Bhagat
iii) Hul rebellion led by Sidho and Kanho
iv) Thadoe Kuki movement led by Jadonang and his niece Gaidinilu
a) (ii), (iii), (i), (iv)
b) (i), (iv), (ii), (iii)
c) (i), (iii), (ii), (iv)
d) (ii), (i), (iv), (iii)
 
121. Ho and Munda tribesmen were from
a) Chotanagpur
b) Araballi hills
c) Sahayadri hills
d) None of the above
 
122. The tribal leader who was regarded as the Father of the World (Dharti Aba) was
a) Buddha Bhagat
b) Tilka Manjhi
c) Birsa Munda
d) Bonangi Pandu Paral
 
123. Arrange the following armed resistance in the nineteenth century against the colonial rule in chronological order and choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
i) Satara disturbance
ii) Gadkari rebellion
iii) Revolt of Rao Bharamal
iv) Rebellion of Birabhadra Raju
a) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
b) (iv), (iii), (ii), (i)
c) (iv), (i), (ii), (iii)
d) (i), (iv), (iii), (ii)
 
124. In many of the peasant revolt religion played an important role. Who among the following was the leader of the Fakirs leading the Sannyasi-Fakir uprising in Bengal?
a) Tipu Shah
b) Karim Shah
c) Majnu Shah
d) Golam Masum
 
125. Match List I with List II and choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
List I                                           List II
A) Pagalpanthi uprising             i) Chirag Au
B) Tanqah-i-Muhammadiya       ii) Haji Shariatullah
C) Faraiji movement                  iii) Karim Shah
D) Shah-i-Madar                        iv) Mir Nisar
a) (A)–(ii), (B)–(i), (C)–(iv), (D)–(iii)
b) (A)–(iii), (B)–(iv), (C)–(ii), (D)–(i)
c) (A)–(ii), (B)–(iii), (C)–(iv), (D)–(i)
d) (A)–(ii). (B)–(i), (C)–(iii), (D)–(iv)
 
126. Who among the following was the founder of Wahabi movement in India?
a) Waliullah
b) Shah Muhammad Hossein
c) Muhammad Abdul Wahab
d) Syed Ahmed of Rai Bareilly
 
127. Titu Mir defeated ___, the Indigo Planter.
a) Okenelly
b) Davis
c) Thornton
d) Alexander
 
128. Who among the following was the leader of the Faraijis?
a) Duddu Miyan
b) Titu Mir
c) Karim Shah
d) Majnu Fakir
 
129. The first sign of revolt led by Titu Mir was a raid on zamindar __
a) Ramrarn Chakraborty
b) Kaliprasanna Mukhopadhyay
c) Debnath Roy
d) Krishnadeva Roy
 
130. The first Indian ruler who joined the Subsidiary Alliance was
a) Nawab of Oudh
b) Nizam of Hyderabad
c) Peshwa Baji Rao II
d) King of Travancore
 
131. Arrange according to the chronological order the following kingdoms annexed by Daihousi as per the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’.
i) Baghat
ii) Sambhalpur
iii) Satara
iv) Jhansi
a) (i), (iii), (ii), (iv)
b) (iv), (i), (ii), (iii)
c) (iii), (ii), (i), (iv)
d) (i), (iv), (ii), (iii)
 
132. Some of the army regiments have revolted several times before 1857. Vellore mutiny took place in the year
a) 1805      b) 1806
c) 1807      d) 1810
 
133. Arrange the following sepoy mutinies in the chronological order and choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
i) Vellore Mutiny
ii) 47 Native Infantry Mutiny
iii) Sholapur Mutiny
iv) Sindh 34th Native Infantry Mutiny
a) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)
b) (i), (iv), (ii), (iii)
c) (iv), (iii), (ii), (i)
d) (iv), (i), (ii), (iii)
 
134. Mangal Pandey, a sepoy of 34th Native infantry stationed at Barrackpore mutinied on
a) 21 March, 1857
b) 29 March, 1857
c) 23 May, 1857
d) 22 June, 1857
 
135. Match important centres of the Revolt of 1857 with their leaders and choose the correct answer from the codes given below:
A) Bakht Khan        i) Jhansi
B) Tantia Tope       ii) Kanpur
C) Hazrat Mahal     iii) Delhi
D) Lakshmibai        iv) Lucknow
a) (A)–(i), (B)–(ii), (C)–(iv), (D)–(iii)
b) (A)–(iii), (B)–(ii), (C)–(iv), (D)–(i)
c) (A)–(ii), (B)–(iii), (C)–(iv), (D)–(i)
d) (A)–(iii), (B)–(iv), (c)–(ii), (D)–(i)
 
136. The Revolt of 1857 in Bareilly was led by
a) Bahadur Shah II
b) Kunwar Singh
c) Khan Bahadur Khan
d) Firoz Shah
 
137. Who among the following British officers died during the seige of Residency at Lucknow?
a) Havelock
b) John Nicholson
c) Henry Lawrence
d) Colin Campbell
 
138. Arrange the following places witnessing the sepoy revolts according to chronological order
i) Delhi
ii) Bareilly
iii) Kanpur
iv) Meerut
a) (i), (iv), (ii), (iii)
b) (iv), (i), (iii), (ii)
c) (iv), (i), (ii), (iii)
d) (iv), (ii), (i), (iii)
 
139. When British army started pushing back the revolting Indian soldiers several commanders played leading role in claiming back the flash points. Among the following pairs find out the incorrect match
a) Delhi – James Neill
b) Kanpur – Sir Hugh Wheeler
c) Lucknow – Sir Cohn Campbell
d) Jhansi – Sir Hugh Rose
 
140. Who was the founder of Tatwabodhini Sabha?
a) Rammohan Roy
b) Devendranath Tagore
c) Dwarakanath Tagore
d) Kesav Chandra Sen
 
143. Who established Calcutta Madrasa?
a) Warren Hastings
b) William Bentinck
c) Lord Cornwallis
d) Lord Wellesley
 
144. Sanskrit College at Calcutta was established on
a) 1823    b) 1824
c) 1825    d) 1826
 
145. Atmiya Sabha was founded by
a) Raja Rammohan Roy
b) Devendranath Tagore
c) Kesav Chandra Sen
d) Dayananda Saraswati
 
146. Who among the following played an instrumental role in the formation of Calcutta School Book Society?
a) Radhakanta Dev
b) Raja Rammohan Roy
c) Dwarakanath Mitra
d) Madanmohan Tarkalankar
 
147. Who was the first editor of Tarwabodhini Patrika?
a) Rammohan Roy
b) Devendranath Tagore
c) Akshay Kumar Dutta
d) Harish Chandra Mukherjee
 
148. Who among the following was not a proponent of Anglicism?
a) William Jones
b) Thomas Babington Macauley
c) Holt Mackenjie
d) Charles Thevelyan
 
 
 
 

WBCS Mains – 2017

45. The Battle of Panipat (1761) resulted in the defeat of
(A) The Marathas      
(B) Ahmad Shah Abdali      
(C) The East India Company     
(D) Nadir Shah
 
47. Who among the following gave official sanction to the education of girls in India ?
(A) William Bentinck     
(B) Hardinge I      
(C) Lord Dalhousie      
(D) Lord Canning
 
50. From which of the following countries did Tipu Sultan seek help to expel the British from India ?
(A) France      
(B) Turkey      
(C) Arabia and Afghanistan      
(D) All of the above
 
59. Which of the following was not a storm-center of the Revolt of 1857 ?
(A) Madras       (B) Arrah      
(C) Jhansi         (D) Bareilly
 
68. Which Governor General created the Covenanted Civil Service of India, which came to be known as Indian Civil Service from 1861 onwards ?
(A) William Bentinck     
(B) Lord Wellesley     
(C) Lord Cornwallis     
(D) Warren Hastings
 
80. Which Mughal ruler became the unifying symbol of the Revolt of 1857 ?
(A) Bahadur Shah I     
(B) Bahadur Saha Jafar     
(C) Saha Alam I     
(D) None of the above
 
 
 
 

WBCS Mains – 2016

29. Who gave Bombay to Charles II of England as a dowry gift for his marriage with Catherine of Braganza ?
(A) Spanish       
(B) Portuguese       
(C) Dutch       
(D) Danes
 
30. Where did the so called ‘Black Hole Tragedy’ take place ?
(A) Calcutta       
(B) Dacca       
(C) Monghyr       
(D) Murshidabad
 
31. When was the ‘Double Government’ Consisting of the Court of Directors and the Board of Control, treated at the Home Government level ?
(A) 1853        (B) 1833       
(C) 1813        (D) 1784
 
51. The conquered people were to be ruled by their own laws and British rule had to “Legitimize itself in an Indian Idiom”. This was the Fundamental principle of
(A) Evangelicalism        
(B) Orientalism       
(C) Utilitarianism       
(D) Mercantilism
 
63. Which of the following organizations, according to Sumit Sarkar, “left little distinctive or permanent on the plane of religion and philosophy” in 19th Century India ?
(A) Brahmo Samaj      
(B) Ramakrishna Mission      
(C) Aligarh Movement     
(D) Young Bengal
 
70. Which of the following Classes did not participate in the Revolt of 1857 ?
(i) Money lenders
(ii) Merchants
(iii) Modern intelligentsia
(iy) Old Zamindars
(v) Urban based absentee landlords
Choose the answers from codes gjven below :
(A) (i), (ii), (iv) and (v)     
(B) (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v)     
(C) (i), (iii), (iv) and (v)     
(D) (i), (ii), (iii), and (v)
 
76. Jonathan Duncan founded the Sanskrit College in 1792 at-
(A) Allahabad      
(B) Varanasi      
(C) Calcutta       
(D) Madras
 
83. To justify one of their colonial policies, the British continued with the “Downward Filtration Theory” That colonial policy was on-
(A) Education      
(B) Industry     
(C) Maritime trade      
(D) De-industrialization
 
103. Which of the following statements is / are correct ?
(A) Fort William College was closed in 1802.
(B) In 1805 the East India College was established at Heartford near London.
(C) The East India College was moved to Hailebury in 1809.
(D) All of the above
 
107. Who was mainly responsible for introducing the Ryotwari system in Madras ?
(A) Macartney      
(B) Elphinstone        
(C) Thomas Munro      
(D) John Lawrence
 
124. By whom was the new imperial policy of “Paramountcy” initiated ?
(A) Lord Wellesley      
(B) Lord Cornwallis       
(C) Lord Hastings      
(D) Warren Hastings
 
125. Which of the following statements about Tipu Sultan is not correct ?
(A) His reign represented a discontinuity in 18th Century Indian politics, as his kingship was rooted firmly in a strong regional tradition.
(B) In a symbolic gesture to proclaim his independence, he issued coins without any reference to the Mughal emperor.
(C) Instead of emperor Shah Alam’s name he inserted his own name in the Khutba (Friday prayers at the Mosque’s).
(D) He never sought a sanad from the Ottoman Khalifa to legitimise his rule.
 
 
 
 
 

WBCS Mains – 2015

102.  Lord Macaulay was associated with
(A) Reforms in the army     
(B) Abolition of Sati        
(C) Codification of Laws      
(D)  Permanent settlement
 
134.  Which of the following results of the Zamindari System was not an advantage to the British ?
(A) Creation of political allies       
(B) Minimisation of revenue administrative expenditure
(C) Permanent fixation of revenue demand       
(D) Provision of financial security
 
135.  Which of the following pairs are correctly matched  ?
(A) Banaras  – Sir Colin Campbell          
(B) Jhansi – Sir Hugh Rose
(C) Kanpur – Brigadier General Neil      
(D) Lucknow – Major General Havelock
 
136.  Indenture regulations which bound the artisans of Eastern India to sell their products exclusively to the English company from the Late 18th Century were known as
(A) Dadni         
(B) Damdupat       
(C) Khatbandi        
(D) Kamiya
 
137.  Who among the following Britishers were associated with the introduction of Mahalwari System ?
(A) R. M. Bird      
(B) Sir John Lawrence       
(C) William Karey       
(D) Sir Alexandar Cunningham
 
142.  Which of the following is not one of the causes responsible for the rise of money lenders in British India ?
(A) New revenue policy      
(B) New legal system
(C) New educational system       
(D) Commercialization of agriculture
 
150.  Which region in India provided the best quality saltpeter and opium to the Europeans ?
(A) Coromondal        
(B) Gujrat       
(C) Bihar       
(D) Malabar
 
151.  When and by whom were the Portuguese driven out of Hugli in Bengal ?
(A) 1625 – Shaista Khan        
(B) 1631 – Qasim Khan
(C) 1650 – Prince Murad      
(D) 1666 – Prince Shuja
 
152.  What was the early capital of the Portuguese in India ?
(A) Goa         
(B) Cochin       
(C) Culient       
(D) Cannanore
 
 
 
 

WBCS Mains – 2014

77.  Vidyasagar has been described as “Traditional Moderniser” by historian
(A) Ramesh Chandra Majumder    
(B) Binoy Ghosh      
(C) Amalesh Tripathy     
(D) Jadunath Sarkar
 
82.  Which of the following towns was chosen as the head quarter of the Wahabi Movement in 1826 ?
(A) Kandahar     
(B) Quetta        
(C) Peshawar     
(D) Charsadda
 
83.  A leading British parliamentarian and politician who admitted that the Revolt of 1857 was ‘a national revolt’ and not a military mutiny was :
(A) David George     
(B) William Hilderband        
(C) Disraeli      
(D) George Bingsley
 
 
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